|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1550s 1560s 1570s – 1580s – 1590s 1600s 1610s|
|Years:||1586 1587 1588 – 1589 – 1590 1591 1592|
|1589 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2342|
|English Regnal year||31 Eliz. 1 – 32 Eliz. 1|
|Chinese calendar||戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4285 or 4225
— to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4286 or 4226
|- Vikram Samvat||1645–1646|
|- Shaka Samvat||1511–1512|
|- Kali Yuga||4690–4691|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 17
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||323 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2131–2132|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1589.|
1589 (MDLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Julian calendar, the 1589th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 589th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 16th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1580s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1589 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- War of the Three Henrys: In France, the Catholic League is in rebellion against King Henry III, in revenge for his murder of Henry I, Duke of Guise in December 1588. The King makes peace with his old rival, the Huguenot Henry of Navarre, his designated successor, and together they besiege Paris.
- January 26 – Job is elected as the first Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia.
- February 26 – Valkendorfs Kollegium is founded in Copenhagen, Denmark.
- April 13 – An English Armada led by Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Norreys and largely financed by private investors sets sail to attack the Iberian Peninsula's Atlantic coast but fails to achieve any naval advantage.
- August 1 – King Henry III of France is stabbed by the fanatical Dominican friar Jacques Clément (who is immediately killed).
- August 2 – Henry III of France dies. His army is thrown into confusion and an intended attack to retake Paris is abandoned. Henry of Navarre succeeds to the throne as King Henry IV of France but is not recognized by the Catholic League who acclaim the imprisoned Charles, Cardinal de Bourbon, as the rightful King of France, Charles X.
- August 20 – King James VI of Scotland, the future James I of England, contracts a proxy marriage with the 14-year-old Anne of Denmark at Kronborg. The formal ceremony takes place on November 23 at the Old Bishop's Palace in Oslo.
- September 21 – Battle of Arques: King Henry IV of France's forces defeat those of the Catholic League under Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne (younger brother of Henry I, Duke of Guise).
- November 1 – Henry IV of France is repulsed in an attempt to capture Paris from the Catholic League.
- December 25 (Christmas Day) – The monks of the Pechenga Monastery, the northernmost in the world, are massacred by Swedes led by a Finnish peasant chief in the course of the Russo-Swedish War.
- San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, is completed by Domenico Fontana.
- Hiroshima is founded by the Japanese warlord Mōri Terumoto.
- The Hofbräuhaus is founded by William V, Duke of Bavaria in Munich.
- January 9 – Ivan Gundulić, Croatian poet (d. 1638)
- February 5 – Esteban Manuel de Villegas, Spanish poet (d. 1669)
- March 3 – Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (d. 1676)
- July 16 – Sinibaldo Scorza, painter (d. 1631)
- September 17 – Agostinho Barbosa, Portuguese bishop in Italy and writer on canon law (d. 1649).
- October 7 – Maria Magdalena of Austria (d. 1631)
- date unknown
- January 5 – Catherine de' Medici, queen of Henry II of France (b. 1519)
- March 2 – Alessandro Farnese, Italian cardinal (b. 1530)
- May 3 – Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1528)
- July 1 — Lady Saigō, Japanese concubine (b. 1552)
- August 1 – Jacques Clément, French assassin of Henry III of France (b. 1567)
- August 2 – King Henry III of France (b. 1551)
- September 16 – Michael Baius, Flemish theologian (b. 1513)
- October 15 – Jacopo Zabarella, philosopher (b. 1532)
- date unknown