|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1710s 1720s 1730s – 1740s – 1750s 1760s 1770s|
|Years:||1741 1742 1743 – 1744 – 1745 1746 1747|
|1744 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Canada –Denmark – France – Great Britain – Ireland – Norway – Russia – Scotland –Sweden –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2497|
|British Regnal year||17 Geo. 2 – 18 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4440 or 4380
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4441 or 4381
|- Vikram Samvat||1800–1801|
|- Shaka Samvat||1666–1667|
|- Kali Yuga||4845–4846|
|Japanese calendar||Kanpō 4 / Enkyō 1
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||168 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2286–2287|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1744.|
1744 (MDCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter ED) of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday (dominical letter AG) of the Julian calendar, the 1744th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 744th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 18th century, and the 5th year of the 1740s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1744 is 11 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- January 24 – The Dagohoy Rebellion in the Philippines begins with the killing of Father Giuseppe Lamberti.
- February – Violent storms frustrated planned French Invasion of Britain.
- February 22–23 – Battle of Toulon: The British fleet is defeated by a Franco-Spanish fleet.
- March 1 (approximately) – The Great Comet of 1744, one of the brightest ever seen, reaches perihelion
- March 15 – France declares war on Great Britain.
- April – The Female Spectator (a monthly) is founded by Eliza Haywood in England, the first periodical written for women by a woman.
- April 20 – Battle of Villafranca (1744): A joint French and Spanish force defeats Britain and Sardinia.
- June 28 – Catherine the Great is received into the Russian Orthodox Church.
- July 19 – Battle of Casteldelfino: France defeats the Kingdom of Sardinia.
- July 29 – Nader Shah lays siege to the Ottoman citadel of Kars.
- August 12 – Battle of Velletri in the Kingdom of Naples: Spanish-Neapolitan forces defeat those of the Archduchy of Austria.
- September 30 – Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo: France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia.
- The third French and Indian War, known as King George's War, breaks out at Port Royal, Nova Scotia.
- The First Saudi State is founded by Mohammed Ibn Saud.
- Prague is occupied by Prussian armies.
- Tommy Thumb's Pretty Song Book, sequel to Tommy Thumb's Song Book, containing the oldest version of many well-known and popular rhymes, is published in London.
- January 10 – Thomas Mifflin, first Governor of Pennsylvania (d. 1800)
- February 6 – Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist and surgeon (d. 1795)
- February 23 – Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German banker and the founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty (d. 1812)
- May 19 – Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen of George III of Great Britain (d. 1818)
- May 21 – Samuel Ireland, British author and engraver (d. 1800)
- May 31 – Richard Lovell Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish, politician writer and inventor (d. 1817)
- July 17 – Elbridge Gerry, American politician (d. 1814)
- July 20 – Joshua Clayton, American politician (d. 1798)
- August 1 – Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French naturalist (d. 1829)
- August 25 – Johann Gottfried Herder, German writer (d. 1803)
- September 25 – King Frederick William II of Prussia (d. 1797)
- November 11 – Abigail Adams, wife of American President John Adams (d. 1818)
- January 23 – Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
- January 26 – Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal (b. 1683)
- February 11 – Hedvig Taube, mistress to King Frederick I of Sweden (b. 1714)
- February 14 – John Hadley, English mathematician (b. 1682)
- March 3 – Jean Barbeyrac, French jurist (b. 1674)
- April 25 – Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (b. 1701)
- May 30 – Alexander Pope, English writer (b. 1688)
- June 29 – André Campra, French composer (b. 1660)
- July – Mihai Racoviţă, Prince of Moldavia and Prince of Wallachia
- August 9 – James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English patron of the arts (b. 1673)
- August 13 – John Cruger, Dutch-born Mayor of New York (b. 1678)
- August 26 – William Byrd II, prominent planter from Virginia (b. 1674)
- September 28 – Princess Thérèse of France, estranged daughter of Louis XV of France (b.1736)
- October 18 – Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, English friend of Anne, Queen of Great Britain (b. 1660)
- October 31 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (b. 1694)
- December 8 – Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle duchess de Châteauroux, French mistress of King Louis XV (b. 1717)