1770s

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 17th century18th century19th century
Decades: 1740s 1750s 1760s1770s1780s 1790s 1800s
Years: 1770 1771 1772 1773 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 1779
1770s-related
categories:
BirthsDeathsBy country
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

This is a list of events occurring in the 1770s, ordered by year.

1770

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

1771

January–June

Plague Riot in Moscow, 1771

July–December

Date unknown

The Putuo Zongcheng Temple complex in Chengde, China is completed.

1772

January–June

July–December

1773

January–June

July–December

Date unknown


1774

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

1775

Summary

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-legendary ride. The Second Continental Congress takes various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make laws. On July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and on August 23, King George III of England declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to parliament on November 10. On June 17, two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces are victorious, but only after suffering severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

Human knowledge and mastery over nature advances when James Watt builds a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expedition continues as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 – September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,173, and when, a smallpox epidemic begins in New England.

January–June

July–December

August 18: Tucson is founded

Date unknown

The Honourable Mrs Graham (1757–1792) painted by Gainsborough in 1775

1776

January–February

March–April

May–June

July–August

July 4: American Declaration of Independence.

September–October

September 22: British hang spy Nathan Hale in New York City.

November–December

1777

January–June

June 14: US Flag (had various star patterns)

July–December

Date unknown

1778

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

1779

January–June

July–December

Date unknown


References

  1. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  2. "Nationalism and the Falkland Islands War". Retrieved 2007-08-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "D/1770 L1 (Lexell)". Gary W. Kronk's Cometography. Retrieved 2012-07-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Watson, Garth (1989). The Smeatonians: The Society of Civil Engineers. London: Thomas Telford. ISBN 0-7277-1526-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Roberts, Gwilym (1995). From Kendal's Coffee House to Great George Street. London: Thomas Telford. ISBN 0-7277-2022-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Ukraine". World Statesmen. 2000. Retrieved 2011-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Horsham Cricket Club History". Horsham Cricket Club. Retrieved 2011-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. William Walter Hening. "Hening's Statutes at Large". Retrieved 9 April 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 327. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Papandayan". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2010-09-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 327–328. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Rose, William I.; et al., eds. (June 2004). Natural Hazards in El Salvador. Geological Society of America. p. 394. ISBN 978-0813723754.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Icons, a portrait of England 1750-1800". Archived from the original on 17 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. 15.0 15.1 de Madriaga, Isabel (January 1974). "Catherine II and the Serfs: A Reconsideration of Some Problems". The Slavonic and East European Review. 52 (126): 34–62. Retrieved 2013-04-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Battles of Lexington and Concord", Britannica Student Encyclopedia, p. 454, 2006, The American Revolution began on April 19, 1775, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Leamon, James S. Revolution Downeast: The War for American Independence in Maine (1995) University of Massachusetts Press pp.62-67
  18. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  19. "The Invention of the Steam Engine: The Life of James Watt. Part 4: The Steam Engine Gains Popularity". About.com Inventors. Retrieved 2011-02-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Timeline of the American Revolutionary War". Independence Hall. Archived from the original on 30 May 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 330–331. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Saunt, Claudio (2014). West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776, p. 95. W. W. Norton & Company, New York. ISBN 9780393240207.
  24. Saunt, Claudio (2014). West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776, p. 27. W. W. Norton & Company, New York. ISBN 9780393240207.
  25. Rice, Hank (June 2000), Footnotes in History: "The First Salute", Sons of the American Revolution<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 331. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. US history.org
  28. "The Present State of the West-Indies: Containing an Accurate Description of What Parts Are Possessed by the Several Powers in Europe". World Digital Library. 1778. Retrieved 2013-08-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "Icons, a portrait of England 1750-1800". Retrieved 2007-08-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. 30.0 30.1 Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 333–334. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>