|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1750s 1760s 1770s – 1780s – 1790s 1800s 1810s|
|Years:||1780 1781 1782 – 1783 – 1784 1785 1786|
|1783 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada –Denmark – France – Great Britain – Ireland – Norway – Scotland –Sweden – United States|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2536|
|British Regnal year||23 Geo. 3 – 24 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar||壬寅年 (Water Tiger)
4479 or 4419
— to —
癸卯年 (Water Rabbit)
4480 or 4420
|- Vikram Samvat||1839–1840|
|- Shaka Samvat||1705–1706|
|- Kali Yuga||4884–4885|
|Japanese calendar||Tenmei 3
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||129 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2325–2326|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1783.|
1783 (MDCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Julian calendar, the 1783rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 783rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 18th century, and the 4th year of the 1780s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1783 is 11 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- February 3 – American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain acknowledges the independence of the United States of America. At this time the Spanish government does not grant diplomatic recognition.
- February 4 – American Revolutionary War: Great Britain formally declares that it will cease hostilities with the United States.
- February 5 – 1783 Calabrian earthquakes: First of a sequence of five earthquakes in Calabria, Italy (February 5–7, March 1 & 28), leaving 50,000 dead.
- February 26 – The United States Continental Army's Corps of Engineers is disbanded.
- March 5 – Last celebration of Massacre Day in Boston, Massachusetts.
- March 15 – Newburgh Conspiracy: A potential uprising in the Continental Army stationed at Newburgh, New York, is defused when George Washington asks the officers to support the supremacy of the United States Congress.
- April 8 – The Crimean Khanate, which had existed since 1441 and was the last remnant of the Mongol Golden Horde, is annexed by the Russian Empire of Catherine the Great.
- April 15 – Preliminary articles of peace ending the American Revolutionary War are ratified.
- May 18 – The first United Empire Loyalists, fleeing the new United States, reach Parrtown in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.
- May 26 – A Great Jubilee Day celebrating end of American Revolution held in Trumbull, Connecticut.
- June 4 or June 5 – The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfière hot air balloon at Annonay in France.
- June 8 – The volcano Laki in Iceland begins an 8-month eruption starting the chain of natural disasters known as the Móðuharðindin, killing tens of thousands throughout Europe, including up to 33% of Iceland's population, and causing widespread famine. It has been described as one of "the greatest environmental catastrophes in European history".
- July 16 – Grants of land in Canada to American loyalists are announced.
- July 24 – The Treaty of Georgievsk is signed between Imperial Russia and the Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti making Georgia a protectorate of Russia.
- August 5 – Mount Asama erupts, causing turmoil in Edo period Japan.
- August 18 – The 1783 Great Meteor passes on a thousand-mile track across the North Sea, Great Britain and France, prompting scientific discussion.
- August 27 – Jacques Charles and Les Frères Robert launch the world's first hydrogen-filled balloon, Le Globe, in Paris.
- September 3 – Peace of Paris: A treaty between the United States and Great Britain is signed in Paris, formally ending the American Revolutionary War; and treaties are signed between Britain, France and Spain at Versailles ending hostilities with the Franco-Spanish Alliance. This also was the beginning of the Old West.
- September 9 – Dickinson College is chartered in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
- October 3 – First Waterford Crystal glassmaking business begins production in Waterford, Ireland.
- November 2 – In Rocky Hill, New Jersey, United States General George Washington gives his Farewell Address to the Army.
- November 21 – In Paris, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent, marquis d'Arlandes, make the first untethered hot air balloon flight (flight time: 25 minutes, Maximum height: 900 m).
- November 24 – In Spain, the Cedula of Population is signed, stating that anyone who will swear fealty to Spain and is of the Roman Catholic faith is welcome to populate Trinidad and Tobago.
- November 25 – American Revolutionary War: The last British troops leave New York City 3 months after the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
- November 27 – John Michell and the black holes: The english rector, John Michell concludes that some stars might have enough gravity force to prevent light escapes from them, so he called them "dark stars".
- November 29 – New Jersey earthquake: An earthquake of 5.3 magnitude strikes New Jersey.
- December 1 – Jacques Charles and Nicolas-Louis Robert make the first manned flight in a hydrogen-filled balloon, La Charlière, in Paris.
- December 4 – At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, U.S. General George Washington formally bids his officers farewell.
- December 31 – Louis-Sébastien Lenormand makes the first ever recorded public demonstration of a parachute descent by jumping from the tower of the Montpellier observatory in France using his rigid-framed model which he intends as a form of fire escape.
- Loyalists from New York settle Great Abaco in the Bahamas.
- The city of Sevastopol is founded on the Crimean Peninsula of the Russian Empire.
- Princess Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova is elected an honorary member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the first female foreign member and its second female member after Eva Ekeblad.
- The Evan Williams (whiskey) distillery is founded in Bardstown, Kentucky.
- January 20 – Friedrich Dotzauer, German cellist and composer (d. 1860)
- January 23 – Stendhal, French writer (d. 1842)
- February 8 – Charles-Marie Denys de Damrémont, French general and governor-general of French Algeria (d. 1837)
- March 8 – Hannah Van Buren (d. 1819)
- April 3 – Washington Irving, American author (d. 1859)
- June 19 – Friedrich Sertürner, German pharmacist who discovered morphine in 1804 (d. 1841)
- July 24 – Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan patriot, revolutionary leader and statesman (d. 1830)
- August 7 – Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom, member of the British Royal Family (d. 1810)
- September 17
- October 31 – Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner, German chemist (d. 1857)
- The Two Headed Boy of Bengal who Suffered from a rare condition called Craniopagus parasiticus d. 1787
- January 7 – William Tans'ur, English hymnist (b. 1706)
- February 6 – Capability Brown, English landscape gardener (b. 1716)
- March 23 – Charles Carroll, American lawyer and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
- March 30 – William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
- March 31 – Nikita Ivanovich Panin, Russian statesman (b. 1718)
- April 16
- May 23 – James Otis, American lawyer and patriot (b. 1725)
- September 18
- October 29 – Jean le Rond d'Alembert, French mathematician (b. 1717)
- November 1 – Carl Linnaeus the Younger, Swedish naturalist (b. 1741 )
- November 22 – John Hanson, American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1715)
- November 23 – Yoriyuki Arima, Japanese mathematician (b. 1714)
- December 13 – Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)
- December 15 – Ahmad bin Said al-Busaidi, first ruler of Oman of the Al Said dynasty (b. 1710)
- December 16 – William James, British naval commander (b. 1720)
- Bressan, David. "8, June 1783: The Laki eruptions". Retrieved 30 April 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>