1919 Stanley Cup Finals

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1919 Stanley Cup Finals
Teams 1 2 3 4* 5* Games
Montreal Canadiens (NHL)  0 4 2 0 4 2
Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA)  7 2 7 0 3 2
* – overtime periods
Location: Seattle, WA (Seattle Ice Arena) (1–5)
Format: best-of-five
Coaches: Montreal: Newsy Lalonde
Seattle: Pete Muldoon
Dates: March 19 – 29
 < 1918 Stanley Cup Finals 1920 > 

The 1919 Stanley Cup Final ice hockey play-off series to determine the 1919 Stanley Cup champion ended with no champion decided, being suspended after five games had been played due to an outbreak of influenza. It was the only time in the history of the Stanley Cup that it was not awarded due to a no-decision after playoffs were held.

Hosting the series in Seattle was the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA) champion Seattle Metropolitans playing off against the National Hockey League (NHL) champion Montreal Canadiens. Both teams had won two games, lost two, and tied one before health officials were forced to cancel the deciding game of the series. Most of the Canadiens players and their manager George Kennedy fell ill with the flu and were hospitalized. The flu would claim the life of Canadiens' defenseman Joe Hall four days later. Kennedy was permanently weakened by his illness, and it led to his death a few years later.

Paths to the final

The Canadiens won the first half of the 1918–19 NHL regular season while the Ottawa Senators won the second half, setting up a best-of-seven series between the two clubs to determine the NHL title. Montreal ended up winning the series, four games to one.

Meanwhile, the Metropolitans finished the 1919 PCHA regular season in second place with an 11–9 record, behind the 12–8 Vancouver Millionaires. The two teams then faced off in a two-game total-goals championship series, with Seattle winning game one, 6–1. Vancouver recorded a 4–1 victory in game two, but lost the series to the Metropolitans by a combined score of 7–5.

The series

All of the games were held at the Seattle Ice Arena. As with previous Stanley Cup Finals, the differing rules for the leagues alternated each game: PCHA rules were to be used in games one, three and five; and NHL rules were to be used in games two and four. The actual game five used NHL rules, as it was considered a replay of game four.[1] Prior to the series, Seattle star Bernie Morris was arrested by United States authorities for alleged draft dodging. He would not be released to return to hockey until 1920.[2]

Game one

Seattle dominated Montreal under PCHA rules, scoring two in the first, three in the second and a further two in the third.[3] Corbeau of Montreal was injured but finished the game and continued to play in the series as a substitute.[4]

Game two

The Canadiens evened the series in game two with Newsy Lalonde scoring all of Montreal's goals. Montreal took the lead and never relinquished it, although Seattle scored two in the third in 32 seconds to make it close. Joe Hall took a puck to the nose, on a deliberate play by Cully Wilson, but the rough tactics did not continue as Seattle tried to catch up.[5]

Game three

Back under PCHA rules, the Metropolitans won game three, 7–2. Seattle scored four goals in the first to take a commanding lead. No goals were scored in the second. In the third, Seattle prevented any comeback, outscoring Montreal 3–2.[6]

Game four

Game four ended tied, 0–0, after 20 minutes of overtime, with both Holmes and Montreal's Georges Vezina blocking every shot. Near the close of the second overtime, Berlinguette of Montreal had an outstanding chance to win it, but missed by inches. Wilson of Seattle would mix it up with Berlinguette, who had to leave the ice. The crowd gave both teams an ovation after the game in appreciation of the teams' play.[7]

Game five

Between game four and five, discussions were made about which rules to use for game five. As game four had finished in a tie, the Canadiens wanted game five to be a replay of game four, using NHL rules, and Seattle wanted PCHA rules. The game was played under NHL rules, and it was agreed that in the future, teams would play overtime until a winning goal was scored.[1] Montreal trailed the game 3–0 after two periods, but Seattle had tired, and Montreal scored three to force overtime. Lalonde had the Canadiens' second and third goals.[8]

In the extra period, Montreal's Jack McDonald tallied the game-winning goal, leading the Canadiens to a 4–3 victory. The Metropolitans had only one substitute player, and the team was exhausted. On the last play, Cully Wilson went to the bench to be replaced by Frank Foyston. Foyston had scored nine of Seattle's 19 goals in the series, but by that point, he was unable to move and replace Wilson, leaving the team shorthanded while McDonald scored. Some players went to the hospital after the game, while others had to be carried home.[9][10]


File:Stanley Cup Series Is Off.jpg
Announcement of Cancellation in The Globe

The sixth and deciding game of the series was scheduled for April 1, but an outbreak of influenza caused several players on both teams to become seriously ill. With Lalonde, Hall, Coutu, Berlinguette, and McDonald of Montreal hospitalized or sick in bed, with fevers between 101 to 105 degrees Fahrenheit, game six was cancelled just five and a half hours before it was scheduled to start.[4] Kennedy said he was forfeiting the Cup to Seattle, but Pete Muldoon, manager-coach of the Metropolitans, refused to accept the Cup in a forfeiture, seeing that it was catastrophic illness that had caused the Canadiens lineup to be short of players. Kennedy asked to use players from the Victoria team of the PCHA, but president Frank Patrick refused the request.[11]

File:Joe Hall.jpg
Montreal player Joe Hall eventually succumbed to pneumonia.

Four days later, Joe Hall died of pneumonia brought about by the flu.[12] His funeral was held in Vancouver on April 8, with most team members attending,[13] and he was buried in Brandon, Manitoba.[12] Manager George Kennedy also was stricken. His condition declined, and his wife arrived from Montreal to be with him.[14] He seemed to recover and was released from the hospital, but he never fully recovered and he died a few years later.

No official Stanley Cup winner was declared in 1919, and thus nothing was engraved onto the trophy. However, when the Cup was redesigned in 1948 and a new collar was added to include those teams that did not engrave their names on the trophy themselves, the following was added:

Montreal Canadiens
Seattle Metropolitans
Series Not Completed


Montreal Canadiens

# Player Catches Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
1 Georges Vezina L 1910 Canada Chicoutimi, Quebec third (1916, 1917)
# Player Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
2 Bert Corbeau R 1914 Canada Penetanguishene, Ontario third (1916, 1917)
9 Wilfred Billy Coutu L 1916 Canada North Bay, Ontario second (1917)
3 Joe Hall R 1917 United Kingdom Staffordshire, England fifth (1904, 1907, 1912, 1913)
5 Didier Pitre "Cannonball" R 1914 Canada Valleyfield, Quebec fourth (1909, 1916, 1917)
# Player Position Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
7 Amos Arbour LW L 1918 Canada Waubaushene, Ontario
9 Billy Bell C R 1917 Canada Lachine, Quebec
8 Louis Berlinguette LW L 1911 Canada Papineau, Quebec fifth (1911, 1912, 1916, 1917)
6 Ogilvie Odie Cleghorn RW R 1918 Canada Montreal, Quebec first
11 Fred Doherty "Doc" RW L 1918 Canada Norwood, Ontario
4 Edouard Newsy LalondeC C R 1912 Canada Cornwall, Ontario fourth (1908, 1916, 1917)
7 Joe Malone "Phantom" C L 1917 Canada Quebec City, Quebec
10 Jack McDonald LW R 1917 Canada Quebec City, Quebec third (1907, 1912)


Seattle Metropolitans

# Player Catches Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
1 Harry Hap Holmes L 1918 Canada Aurora, Ontario fourth (1914, 1917, 1918)
# Player Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
Randal Ran McDonald R 1918 Canada Cashion's Glen, Ontario
10 Bernie Morris‡ – C R 1915 Canada Brandon, Manitoba
Roy Rickey 1915 Canada Ottawa, Ontario
2 Bobby Rowe L 1915 Canada Heathcote, Ontario third (1914, 1917)
# Player Position Shoots Acquired Place of birth Finals appearance
6 Frank Foyston LW L 1915 Canada Minesing, Ontario third (1914, 1917)
5 Hugh Muzz Murray C/LW 1918 United States Sault Ste Marie, Michigan
4 Jack Walker C/R L 1915 Canada Silver Mountain, Ontario fourth (1911, 1914, 1917)
Carol Cully Wilson RW R 1915 Canada Winnipeg, Manitoba third (1914, 1917)

‡ Morris did not play in the series due to his arrest for draft evasion.


See also


  • Coleman, Charles (1966). The Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1, 1893–1926 inc.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Diamond, Dan, ed. (1992). The Official National Hockey League Stanley Cup Centennial Book. Firefly Books. pp. 50–52. ISBN 1-895565-15-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Diamond, Dan; Duplacey, James; Zweig, Zweig (2001). Hockey stories on and off the ice. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-1903-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Mouton, Claude (1987). The Montreal Canadiens. Key Porter Books. p. 153.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Podnieks, Andrew; Hockey Hall of Fame (2004). Lord Stanley's Cup. Triumph Books. p. 51. ISBN 1-55168-261-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  1. 1.0 1.1 "Patrick decides in favour of Canadiens". The Globe. March 29, 1919. p. 22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Diamond, Duplacey & Zweig 2001, p. 9.
  3. "Seattle Win First Game". The Globe. March 20, 1919. p. 12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Stanley Cup Series is Off". The Globe. April 2, 1919. p. 11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Canadiens Win From Seattle". The Globe. March 24, 1919. p. 14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Seattle Wins Another From Flying Frenchmen". The Globe. March 25, 1919. p. 10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Teams Battle to 0–0 Draw". The Globe. March 27, 1919. p. 10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Seattle Lose In Overtime". The Globe. March 31, 1919. p. 12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Bowlsby, Craig. "When Seattle was Hockeytown USA". seattletimes.com. March 7, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  10. "Stanley Cup Playoffs". nhl.com. Retrieved February 24, 2014.
  11. "Even Division of Cup Funds". The Globe. April 3, 1919. p. 10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 "J. Hall Dies In Seattle". The Globe. April 7, 1919. p. 12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Funeral of Joe Hall at Vancouver To-day". The Globe. April 8, 1919. p. 11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Mrs. Kennedy Goes West to Bedside of Husband". The Globe. April 4, 1919. p. 11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Mouton 1987, p. 153.
  16. "NHL.com – Players". NHL. Retrieved 2008-12-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Coleman 1966, pp. 361–363.

External links

Preceded by
(no champion)
Stanley Cup champions

Succeeded by
Ottawa Senators