2009

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries: 20th century21st century22nd century
Decades: 1970s  1980s  1990s  – 2000s –  2010s  2020s  2030s
Years: 2006 2007 200820092010 2011 2012
2009 by topic:
Arts
ArchitectureComicsFilmHome videoLiterature (Poetry) – Music (Country, Metal, UK) – RadioTelevisionVideo gaming
Politics
ElectionsInt'l leadersState leadersSovereign states
Science and technology
ArchaeologyAviationBirding/OrnithologyMeteorologyPalaeontologyRail transportSpaceflight
Sports
Athletics (Track and Field)Australian Football LeagueBaseballBasketballFootball (soccer)CricketIce HockeyMotorsport – Road cycling (men, women) – TennisRugby league
By place
AfghanistanAlgeriaArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustria - AzerbaijanBangladesh - Belgium - BrazilCanadaChileChinaCosta RicaCroatiaDenmarkEl SalvadorEgyptEthiopiaEuropean UnionFinlandFranceGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceHungaryIndiaIndonesiaIraqIranIrelandIsraelItalyJapanKenyaLatviaLithuaniaLuxembourgMalaysiaMexicoMoldovaNetherlandsNew ZealandNorwayPakistanPalestinian territoriesPhilippinesPolandRomaniaRussiaRwandaSerbiaSingaporeSouth AfricaSouth KoreaSpainSri LankaSwedenTurkeyUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited States - Vietnam
Other topics
AwardsLawReligious leaders
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
Works and introductions categories
WorksIntroductions
Works entering the public domain
2009 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 2009
MMIX
Ab urbe condita 2762
Armenian calendar 1458
ԹՎ ՌՆԾԸ
Assyrian calendar 6759
Bahá'í calendar 165–166
Bengali calendar 1416
Berber calendar 2959
British Regnal year 57 Eliz. 2 – 58 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2553
Burmese calendar 1371
Byzantine calendar 7517–7518
Chinese calendar 戊子(Earth Rat)
4705 or 4645
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4706 or 4646
Coptic calendar 1725–1726
Discordian calendar 3175
Ethiopian calendar 2001–2002
Hebrew calendar 5769–5770
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2065–2066
 - Shaka Samvat 1931–1932
 - Kali Yuga 5110–5111
Holocene calendar 12009
Igbo calendar 1009–1010
Iranian calendar 1387–1388
Islamic calendar 1430–1431
Japanese calendar Heisei 21
(平成21年)
Juche calendar 98
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4342
Minguo calendar ROC 98
民國98年
Thai solar calendar 2552
Unix time 1230768000–1262303999

2009 (MMIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Gregorian calendar, the 2009th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 9th year of the 3rd millennium, the 9th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2000s decade.

2009 was designated as:

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

A clash between pro-Zelaya protesters and the Honduran military

July

August

September

Leaders of the G-20 countries present at the Pittsburgh Summit

October

Moment of the announcement of Rio de Janeiro as the host city of the 2016 Summer Olympics

November

December

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Nobel Prizes

The Nobel Prize medallion.

In fiction

Set in 2009:

  1. Series 3 (2007) episode Last of the Time Lords is set mainly in a parallel year.
  2. Series 4 (2008) episodes Partners In Crime, The Sontaran Strategem/The Poison Sky and The Stolen Earth/Journey's End; and Turn Left, which is set in a parallel universe.

References

  1. "News Release – IAU0606: The International Astronomical Union announces the International Year of Astronomy 2009". International Astronomical Union. October 27, 2006. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "The International Year of Astronomy 2009". IYA2009. Archived from the original on November 3, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. United Nations General Assembly Session 61 Resolution 189. International Year of National Fibres, 2009 A/RES/61/189 December 20, 2006. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  4. Watson, Rory (December 29, 2008). "Slovakia adopts the euro on January 1". The Times. London. Retrieved March 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>(subscription required)
  5. Kershner, Isabel; El-Khodary, Taghreed (2009-01-03). "Israeli Troops Launch Attack on Gaza". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-10-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Europeans shiver as Russia cuts gas shipments". Retrieved March 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Somali joy as Ethiopians withdraw". BBC News. 2009-01-13. p. 2. Archived from the original on January 21, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Israel declares ceasefire in Gaza". BBC News. January 17, 2009. Archived from the original on January 19, 2009. Retrieved January 17, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Issacharoff, Avi (January 18, 2009). "Haniyeh: Hamas won Gaza war, but was wise to declare truce". Haaretz. Retrieved 2015-04-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Hamas, Israel set independent cease-fires". CNN. January 18, 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Hamas announces ceasefire in Gaza". BBC News. January 18, 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Last Israeli troops 'leave Gaza'". BBC News. January 21, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Yanir Yagna (February 28, 2009). "At least six Gaza rockets hit southern Israel". Haaretz. Retrieved 2015-04-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Kassam rocket strikes Eshkol Region". The Jerusalem Post. February 26, 2009. Retrieved 2015-04-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "'Five rockets' fired into Israel". BBC News. February 28, 2009. Archived from the original on February 28, 2009. Retrieved February 28, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Weaver, Matthew (January 23, 2009). "Congo and Rwanda forces arrest rebel leader Laurent Nkunda". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2015-04-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Jurjen van de Pol; Franz Wild (January 26, 2009). "Congo Warlord Pleads Not Guilty at ICC's First Trial (Update1)]". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2009-07-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Tran, Mark (January 27, 2009). "Icelandic PM becomes world's first leader to step down over banking system crisis". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2015-04-15.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Orthodox Church enthrones leader". BBC News. 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2009-07-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "First gay PM for Iceland cabinet". BBC News. February 1, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-16.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Masood, Salman (February 10, 2009). "Video of Beheading of Pole Held by Taliban Is Real, Official Says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 23, 2010. Retrieved March 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. "Crash of US, Russian Satellites a Threat in Space" ABC News. Retrieved on 2009-07-07. Archived July 30, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  23. "Tsvangirai sworn in Zimbabwe PM". BBC News. 2009-02-11. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. "Sudan, Darfur Rebel Group Sign Peace Framework" ABC News. Retrieved on 2009-07-07. Archived February 3, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  25. "Ex-Serbian president acquitted of Kosovo war crimes". Reuters. 2009-02-26. Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "President of Guinea-Bissau assassinated". CNN. March 2, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. "Gunmen shoot Sri Lanka cricketers". BBC News. March 3, 2009. Archived from the original on March 4, 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "VIDEO: ICC issues arrest warrant for Bashir". Reuters. March 4, 2009. Retrieved March 4, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. "Madagascar president forced out". BBC News. March 17, 2009. Archived from the original on March 19, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. "U.N. Security Council to meet on N. Korea launch". CNN. April 5, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. "BBC: Italian rescuers work into night". BBC News. 2009-04-07. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. "Fijian president Ratu Josefa Iloilo abolishes constitution, sacks judiciary and assumes power". The Australian. Australian Associated Press. 2009-04-10. Archived from the original on April 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. "AP Top News at 4:00 a.m. EDT". Associated Press. April 12, 2009. Archived from the original on April 17, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. "AP Top News at 4:00 a.m. EDT". BBC News. April 12, 2009. Archived from the original on April 14, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. "Iran sentences U.S. journalist to 8 years". CNN. April 18, 2009. Archived from the original on April 23, 2009. Retrieved April 20, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. Cody, Edward (April 21, 2009). "U.N. Launches Library Of World's Knowledge". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 21, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  37. "Statement by WHO Director-General, Dr Margaret Chan 25 April 2009 — Swine influenza". World Health Organization. 2009-04-25. Archived from the original on April 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. Bell, Alistair (April 24, 2009). "Deadly new flu strain erupts in Mexico, U.S". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. "Canadian Governments Confirm Six Cases of Swine Flu (Update2)". Bloomberg L.P. April 26, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  40. "NATO expels two Russians over Estonia spy scandal". Reuters. April 30, 2009. Archived from the original on May 3, 2009. Retrieved May 7, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  41. C. Bryson Hull and Ranga Sirilal. "Sri Lanka's long war reaches end, Tigers defeated". Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-05-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  42. "Sri-Lanka-liberated-from-terror". Retrieved March 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  43. "Ex-S Korea leader 'kills himself'". BBC News. 2009-05-23. Archived from the original on May 23, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  44. "UN Security Council Condemns North Korea Nuclear Test (Update1)". Bloomberg. May 25, 2009. Retrieved May 31, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  45. "World now at the start of 2009 influenza pandemic". World Health Organization. 2009-06-11. Archived from the original on July 1, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-30.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  46. "Mcclatchydc.com". McClatchy. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  47. "BBC: Self-rule introduced in Greenland". BBC News. 2009-06-21. Archived from the original on July 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  48. Linnie Rawlinson and Nick Hunt CNN (2009-06-26). "Jackson dies, almost takes Internet with him". CNN. Archived from the original on August 27, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  49. Shiels, Maggie (2009-06-26). "BBC: Web slows after Jackson's death". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  50. Steinhauer, Jennifer (June 27, 2009). "Medication Is a Focus of Jackson Inquiry". The New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  51. Cohen, Noam (2009-06-26). "With Jackson entry, Wikipedia may have set a record". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 17, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  52. "Honduran leader forced into exile". BBC News. 2009-06-28. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  53. "OAS condemns Honduras coup, demands return of Zelaya". World Bulletin. Reuters. 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2009-06-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  54. "Girl survives Yemen plane crash". BBC News. July 1, 2009. Retrieved July 1, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  55. "Ousted Honduran leader departs on flight for home". Reuters. July 5, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  56. Laprensa.hn (Spanish) Archived July 7, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  57. Allen, Nick (July 7, 2009). "Michael Jackson memorial service: the biggest celebrity send-off of all time". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved March 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  58. Scott, Jeffry (July 8, 2009). "Jackson memorial second most-watched in TV history". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  59. Hinckley, David; Huff, Richard (July 8, 2009). "Michael Jackson's memorial 2nd most-watched funeral ever, after Princess Di, say Nielsen ratings". Daily News. New York. Retrieved March 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  60. Helgason, Gudjon; Meera Selva (July 16, 2009). "Iceland's parliament votes to join EU". Yahoo! News. Archived from the original on May 13, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  61. "Evo inicia la implementación de la autonomía indígena con fiesta". La Razón. August 3, 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-09-05. Retrieved September 1, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (Spanish)
  62. Gorman, Steve (August 4, 2009). "Clinton leaves North Korea with pardoned journalists". Reuters. Retrieved August 5, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  63. Foster, Peter (August 16, 2009). "Taiwan president under fire for go it alone handling of typhoon accepts US aid". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved August 16, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  64. "UK imposes Turks and Caicos rule". BBC News. 2009-08-14. Retrieved 2009-08-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  65. "Lockerbie bomber's possible release offers new undercurrent to Libya's revolution celebration". KTLA. Archived from the original on February 19, 2012. Retrieved 2009-08-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  66. "BBC News". BBC News. 2009-09-26. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  67. "MB.com". MB.com. 1967-06-07. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  68. "BBC News". BBC News. 2009-09-30. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  69. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  70. "67% vote Yes to Lisbon Treaty". RTÉ News. October 3, 2009. Archived from the original on October 5, 2009. Retrieved 3 October 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  71. "Results received at the Central Count Centre for the Referendum on Treaty of Lisbon 2009". October 3, 2009. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009. Retrieved 3 October 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  72. "Irish Ayes on Lisbon Treaty Have Europe Smiling". Time. October 4, 2009. Archived from the original on October 4, 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  73. "Lisbon II referendum set for 2 October". RTÉ News. July 8, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  74. "Irish treaty vote set for October". BBC News. July 8, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  75. Maggie Fox (2009-10-19). Jackie Frank, ed. "European scientists find trawl of 32 new planets". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-10-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  76. "CCN.com". CNN. 2009-11-03. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  77. "Tony Blair Has Dropped Out Of The Race To Be EU President As Herman Van Rompuy Gets The Nod - World News - Sky News". Archived from the original on November 22, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  78. "Europa.eu". Consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  79. "Webcast: One week to go until crucial summit – Swedish Presidency of the European Union". 2009-11-20. Archived from the original on November 15, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  80. The Treaty of Lisbon entered into force on December 1, 2009, the six-month rotating presidency of the European Council ceased to exist (as the provision for its existence has been erased from the Treaties in force), and the new office of President of the European Council came into being. The appointment of Herman van Rompuy as President of the European Council became effective on the date of the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon. Also, article 6 of the Protocol on transitional provisions annexed to the Treaty of Lisbon provided that on the date of the entry into force of the Treaty, the terms of office of the High Representative for the common foreign and security policy and of the Deputy Secretary General of the Council ceased, with the Council electing a Secretary General. register.consilium.europa.eu
  81. "NASA's LCROSS Impacts Confirm Water in Lunar Crater" (Press release). NASA. 2009-11-13. Archived from the original on 2009-11-21. Retrieved 2009-11-21. Preliminary data from NASA's Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite, or LCROSS, indicates the mission successfully uncovered water in a permanently shadowed lunar crater.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  82. "NASA finds 'significant' water on moon". CNN. 2009-11-13. Archived from the original on November 16, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  83. Overbye, Dennis (2009-11-20). "Proton Beams Are on Track at Collider". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 24, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  84. "Hadron Collider forced to halt". BBC News. 2008-09-19. Retrieved 2009-11-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  85. Papa, Alcuin (2009-11-26). "Maguindanao massacre worst-ever for journalists". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on December 2, 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  86. "ChicagoTribune.com". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  87. "BBC News". BBC News. 2009-11-03. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  88. "COP15, United Nations Climate Change Conference, Copenhagen 2009. Dates put back 1 week due to previous clash with Muslim period of Ramadan". Cop15.dk. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  89. "Waterworld planet six times the size of Earth discovered". The Telegraph. London. 2009-12-17. Archived from the original on August 4, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  90. "The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on October 10, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  91. "All Laureates in Economic Sciences". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on August 31, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  92. "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2009". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on October 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  93. Ritter, Malcolm (2009-10-05). "3 Americans share Nobel medicine prize". Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 11, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  94. House, Michael L.. (1998-11-23) Abuse - Overview. allgame. Retrieved on 2009-07-07. Archived January 18, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  95. "Park Slope 2009 according to Freejack (1992)". crude futures. 2006-02-06. Retrieved 2009-07-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  96. Robert Silverberg (1974). Threads of Time: Three Original Novellas of Science Fiction. pp. 48, 61. Retrieved 2009-07-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>