2009 Albina, Suriname riots

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2009 Albina, Suriname riots
2009 Albina, Suriname riots is located in Suriname
2009 Albina, Suriname riots
Location of Albina within Suriname
Location Albina,  Suriname
Date December 24–25, 2009 (UTC-3)
Deaths 1–7
Non-fatal injuries
At least 24

The 2009 Albina, Suriname riots took place on December 24–25, 2009,[1] when local maroon inhabitants attacked Brazilian, Chinese, Colombian and Peruvian gold diggers after a man was allegedly stabbed to death by a Brazilian.[2]

One death has been confirmed by the local police authorities, but Roman Catholic Brazilian priest José Vergílio, which is aiding the victims, said that at least seven people died,[1][3] vehicles and houses were burned and stores owned by Chinese were plundered.[4] According to the Surinamese government, 20 women were raped, one of which was pregnant and lost her baby in the trauma.[1][5]

At least 24 people were injured during the riots.[6] The injured were transported to a military hospital, while the Brazilians living in Albina were transferred to Paramaribo.[6] Brazilians and Chinese living in the region have been evacuated.[3] According to eyewitnesses, 17 people are missing.[1]

The Brazilian government sent a diplomatic mission on December 27, 2009 to attend the Brazilian victims.[7] Five Brazilians returned to Brazil on December 27 on an airplane of the Brazilian Air Force.[8] On December 28, an airplane with capacity for 40 people was sent to the city with the purpose of rescuing more Brazilians.[8] The Surinamese government sent in troops to conduct searches and keep the peace, although violence is over by all accounts.[1] Suriname officials have come out saying they have the forces to protect all foreigners in the country and have already taken several people into custody for questioning.[1] 35 suspects were arrested on December 28, according to the city's chief of police, Krishna Mathoera-Hussainali.[8]

Background

Albina is primarily a base for nomadic gold prospectors.[1] The town is made up of people from Suriname, neighboring French Guiana, the People's Republic of China and Brazil.[1]

There are between 15,000 and 18,000 Brazilian nomad gold diggers in Suriname, or about 4% of the total population of the country, most of them living illegally.[1] They are some of the poorest people in Brazil, mostly from the Northeast Region.[1]

Tensions in gold prospecting villages like Albina are not sporadic, but violence is quite uncommon.[1] Gold diggers often come in conflict with indigenous people in their search to find and extract gold from remote areas.[1]

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Elizondo, Gabriel (December 27, 2009). "Christmas violence in Suriname". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on December 31, 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Conflito no Suriname levou a pelo menos 7 mortes, diz missionário" (in Portuguese). G1 Globo.com. December 26, 2009. Archived from the original on December 31, 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Priest: 7 migrants killed in Suriname violence". Washington Post. December 27, 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  4. "Suriname reforça segurança após ataque a brasileiros" (in Portuguese). Estadão. December 28, 2009. Retrieved December 28, 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Surinam sends troops to Albina". Radio Netherlands Worldwide. December 26, 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Missão da FAB deve ir ao Suriname para prestar auxílio a brasileiros" (in Portuguese). G1 Globo.com. December 26, 2009. Archived from the original on December 30, 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Brasil envia missão diplomática ao Suriname para atender brasileiros atacados" (in Portuguese). Google. December 27, 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Suriname: detidos 35 suspeitos de agredir brasileiros" (in Portuguese). iG. December 28, 2009. Retrieved December 28, 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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