9th Guards Army

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9th Guards Army
Active 1944-1945
Country  Soviet Union
Branch Red Army
Type Combined arms
Size 3 rifle corps
Part of 2nd Ukrainian Front
3rd Ukrainian Front
Engagements World War II
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Vasily Glagolev

The 9th Guards Army was a field army of the Red Army during World War II, which fought in the Vienna Offensive. Postwar, the army headquarters became Soviet airborne headquarters.[1]

History

The 9th Guards Army was formed on 5 January 1945 under the command of Vasily Glagolev as directed by the Stavka directive of 18 December 1944.[2] It was formed from the headquarters of the 7th Army and the Separate Airborne Army.[3] It was composed of the 37th, 38th and 39th Guards Rifle Corps. In February, the army was transferred to southeastern Hungary, near Budapest. It became part of the 2nd Ukrainian Front on 27 February. It was transferred to the 3rd Ukrainian Front on 9 March. Between 16 March and 15 April, the army fought in the Vienna Offensive. Units of the army broke through German defences north of Székesfehérvár in conjunction with the 4th Guards Army. Advancing in the left flank and rear of the 6th SS Panzer Army, the 9th Guards Army broke through other German units between Lake Balaton and Velence. It attacked the northwestern road out of Vienna in conjunction with the 6th Guards Tank Army and broke German resistance in early April. On 13 April, the army helped capture Vienna.[4] The army then fought in the Prague Offensive, where it captured Znojmo on 8 May in conjunction with the 7th Guards Army. It also captured Písek and ended the war on the Elbe.[2][5]

The army had its headquarters in Szolnok from July 1945 to June 1946 and was part of the Central Group of Forces.[6] In 1946, its headquarters became the Soviet airborne headquarters and its corps were converted into airborne divisions.[1]

Composition

The army was composed of the following units in January 1945.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Feskov, Vitaly (2004). Советская Армия в годы 'холодной войны' (1945-1991) [The Red Army in the Years of the Cold War] (PDF) (in Russian). Tomsk: Tomsk University Press. p. 43.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "9-я ГВАРДЕЙСКАЯ АРМИЯ" [9th Guards Army]. bdsa.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-25.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Feskov, Vitaly (2004). Красная Армия в победах и поражениях 1941-1945 гг [The Red Army in the year of the Great Patriotic War] (PDF) (in Russian). Tomsk: Tomsk University Press. p. 21.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Erickson, John (1999-01-01). Stalin's War with Germany: The road to Berlin. Yale University Press. ISBN 0300078137.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "9-я гвардейская армия" [9th Guards Army]. samsv.narod.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-11-25.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Holm, Michael. "9th Guards Combined Arms Army". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2015-11-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>