Abductor hallucis muscle

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Abductor hallucis muscle
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First layer of muscles of the sole of the foot (abductor hallucis visible at lower right)
Latin Musculus abductor hallucis
Origin Tuberosity of the calcaneus
Insertion Medial aspect of base of 1st phalanx of hallux
Medial plantar artery
Medial plantar nerve
Actions Abducts hallux
Antagonist Adductor hallucis muscle
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Anatomical terms of muscle
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The abductor hallucis muscle is an intrinsic muscle of the foot. It participates in the abduction and flexion of the great toe.


The abductor hallucis muscle is located in the medial border of the foot and contributes to form the prominence that is observed on the region. It is inserted behind on the tuberosity of the calcaneus, the flexor retinaculum, and the plantar aponeurosis.[1] Its muscle body, relatively thick behind, flattens as it goes forward. It ends in a common tendon with the medial head of the flexor hallucis brevis that inserts on the medial surface of the base of the first proximal phalanx and its related sesamoid bone. Its medial surface is superficial and covered with the muscle's fascia and the skin.[2]


Abductor hallucis is innervated by the medial plantar nerve. The nerves that supply it enter the muscle from its upper border.

Additional images

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. "Abductor Hallucis". Loyola University Medical Education Network. Retrieved 7 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Latarjet, Michel; Ruiz Liard, Alfredo (2005). Human Anatomy (Spanish Edition). Editorial Médica Panamericana. ISBN 978-950-06-1368-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[page needed]

External links