Acidobacteria

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Acidobacteria
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Acidobacterium
Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Acidobacteria
Classes, Orders, Families and some Genera

Acidobacteria are a newly devised phylum of Bacteria, whose members are physiologically diverse and ubiquitous, especially in soils, but are under-represented in culture.[1][2][3]

Members of this phylum are physiologically diverse, some being acidophilic, and were first recognized as a novel division in 1997.[4] The first species, Acidobacterium capsulatum, of this phylum was discovered in 1991.[5] Other notable species are Holophaga foetida,[6] Geothrix fermentans,[7] Acanthopleuribacter pedis[8] and Bryobacter aggregatus.[9] Since they have only recently been discovered and the large majority have not been cultured, the ecology and metabolism of these bacteria is not well understood.[2] However, these bacteria may be an important contributor to ecosystems, since they are particularly abundant within soils.[10]

As well as their natural soil habitat, unclassified group II Acidobacteria have also been identified as a contaminant of DNA extraction kit reagents, which may lead to their erroneous appearance in microbiota or metagenomic datasets.[11]

Phylogeny

The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [12] [13] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 111 by The All-Species Living Tree Project [14]



?Candidatus Chloracidobacterium thermophilum Bryant et al. 2007



?Candidatus Koribacter versatilis Ward et al. 2009



?Candidatus Solibacter usitatus Ward et al. 2009



?Thermotomaculum hydrothermaleIzumi et al. 2012


Holophagae

Acanthopleuribacter pedis Fukunaga et al. 2008


Holophagaceae

Geothrix fermentans Coates et al. 1999



Holophaga foetida Liesack et al. 1995






Bryobacter aggregatus Kulichevskaya et al. 2010


Acidobacteriaceae

?Acidopila roseaOkamura et al. 2011



?Blastocatella fastidiosaFoesel et al. 2012




Acidobacterium capsulatum Kishimoto et al. 1991




Telmatobacter bradus Pankratov and Dedysh 2012


Acidicapsa

A. borealis Kulichevskaya et al. 2012 (type sp.)



A. ligni Kulichevskaya et al. 2012








Bryocella elongata Dedysh et al. 2012


Edaphobacter

E. aggregans Koch et al. 2008 emend. Dedysh et al. 2012



E. modestus Koch et al. 2008 (type sp.)





Terriglobus

T. roseus Eichorst et al. 2007 (type sp.)



T. saanensis Männistö et al. 2011



Granulicella

?G. arctica Männistö et al. 2012



?G. mallensis Männistö et al. 2012



?G. sapmiensis Männistö et al. 2012



?G. tundricola Männistö et al. 2012



G. paludicola Pankratov and Dedysh 2010 (type sp.)




G. pectinivorans Pankratov and Dedysh 2010




G. aggregans Pankratov and Dedysh 2010



G. rosea Pankratov and Dedysh 2010










Notes:
♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN)

References

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  2. 2.0 2.1 Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
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  12. See the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. Data extracted from J.P. Euzéby. "Acidobacteria". Retrieved 2013-03-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. See the NCBI webpage on Chlorobi Data extracted from Sayers; et al. "NCBI Taxonomy Browser". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2013-03-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. See the All-Species Living Tree Project [1]. Data extracted from the "16S rRNA-based LTP release 111 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database. Retrieved 2013-03-20.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  • Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).

External links