Action of 18 March 2006

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Action of 18 March 2006
Part of Piracy in Somalia, Operation Enduring Freedom - Horn of Africa
Date 18 March 2006
Location 25 nautical miles (46 km) off the coast of Somalia
Result American victory
 United States Somali Pirates
Commanders and leaders
Robert Randall Jr.[1]
James Yohe[2]
1 cruiser
1 destroyer
3 skiffs
Casualties and losses
1 cruiser superficially damaged 1 skiff destroyed
2 skiffs captured
1+ killed
12 captured (5 wounded)
USS Gonzalez

The Action of 18 March 2006 occurred when two United States naval vessels were attacked by pirates. The U.S. ships were part of Combined Task Force 150.


By 2006 the lack of any government-controlled naval authority along the Somali coast was taking its toll. Pirate gangs controlled by local warlords started to capture passing merchant ships in an attempt to gain funding by ransoming the ships and their crews. As the raids became successful, the pirates became bolder. They began seizing UN aid ships, and even attacked a cruise liner attempting to capture it for ransom. The U.S. and Coalition vessels from Combined Task Force 150 began actively pursuing pirate vessels in an attempt to deter the attacks.

The battle

On 18 March the destroyer USS Gonzalez intercepted a suspicious ship, a large diesel skiff towing two small gasoline-powered "attack" skiffs 25 nautical miles (46 km) off the Somali coast.[3][4] USS Gonzalez first noticed the common pirate profile of a diesel boat towing smaller skiffs and, with USS Cape St. George closing from 40 miles away, trailed the suspects until dawn.[5] Shortly before sunrise, the two American ships each sent a pair of rigid-hulled inflatable boats with specially trained boarding teams to investigate.[5] The boats' boarding attempt was aborted when the pirates opened fire on them from extremely short range, and they returned fire and withdrew.

The pirates chased the boarding team, then opened fire upon the Navy ships with RPGs and other small arms.[5] Too close for major weapon systems, the two American ships returned fire with small caliber guns.[3][4] The larger pirate skiff was soon set on fire by a .50 Caliber tracer round fired from the USS Gonzalez hitting and setting ablaze a 55-gallon fuel drum, and burned to the waterline.[5] The two small skiffs were engaged and surrendered to USS Cape St. George upon seeing the larger skiff with all their fuel in flames.[5] By the time the action was over at least one pirate was killed (only one body was recovered from one of the remaining small skiffs), and 12 (including 5 wounded) pirates were captured.[6] A spokesman for the Somali pirate militia in Hardhere claimed there were 27 pirates that had gone to sea to act as "coastguardsmen" for the largely lawless state.[5] Cape St. George received minor superficial damage but no US forces were injured.[3][4][6]


After the action was over, a Dutch fast-combat support ship, HNLMS Amsterdam, provided medical assistance to the wounded, and the two U.S. ships continued on their mission.[3][4] The U.S. government chose not to prosecute the captured men for piracy and repatriated them over a period of several months, some requiring advanced medical care aboard U.S. and Coalition warships due to the injuries they received during the action.[7]


  3. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "U.S. Navy Ships Return Fire on Suspected Pirates" (Press release). U.S. Naval Forces Central Command. 18 March 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Dorsey, Jack (20 March 2006). "Captain praises response of crew to pirate skirmish". The Virginian-Pilot.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 6.0 6.1 Besheer, Margaret (18 March 2006). "US Navy Ships Return Fire on Suspected Pirates Off Somali Coast". Voice of America.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Kraska, J.; Wilson, B. (2009). "Fighting Pirates: The Pen and the Sword". World Policy Journal. 25 (4): 41. doi:10.1162/wopj.2009.25.4.41.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>