Adolf Dickfeld

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Adolf Dickfeld
File:Adolf Dickfeld.jpg
Adolf Dickfeld
Born (1910-02-20)20 February 1910
Jüterbog in Brandenburg
Died 17 May 2009(2009-05-17) (aged 99)
Dreieich in Hesse
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1937–45
Rank Oberst
Unit JG 52, JG 2, JG 11
Commands held II./JG 11
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Oberst Adolf Dickfeld (20 February 1910 – 17 May 2009) was a German World War II Luftwaffe 136 victories Flying ace. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.[1] He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Early life and career

Dickfeld was born on 20 February 1910 in Jüterbog in the Province of Brandenburg, the son of an artillery officer. In his youth he learned to fly glider aircraft. He made his first flights at the glider school in Grunau in Silesia, present-day Jeżów Sudecki, Poland. Here, among others, he was taught to fly by Hanna Reitsch. He was also trained by Wolf Hirth on the Hornberg in the Black Forest, and by Heini Dittmar and Oskar Ursinus at the Wasserkuppe in the Rhön Mountains.[2]

World War II

On 18 May 1942, Dickfeld was credited with his 100th aerial victory. He was the 8th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark.[3]

Fw 190 A-4 of II./JG 2, flown by group commander Dickfeld, Tunisia 1943

Dickfeld was officially credited with 136 victories claimed in 1072 combat missions. He also claimed a further 15 enemy aircraft unconfirmed.[4] In 1943 he was placed in a staff position as General für Nachwuchs (general of procreation/recruitment)[citation needed] of the Luftwaffe in the Reich Air Ministry and at the same time became Reich inspector of the Flieger (Aviation) Hitler Youth. He claimed about 128 victories over the Eastern Front. He claimed one victory flying the Heinkel He 162 Salamander ("Volksjäger") jet fighter, a P-47 Thunderbolt on 11 April 1945.

Dickfeld continued to fly professionally in Germany and East Africa. He died on 17 May 2009 in Dreieich.[5][6]


Wehrmachtbericht reference

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
Friday, 15 May 1942 In den gestrigen Luftkämpfen an der Ostfront errang Leutnant Graf seinen 98. bis 104., Leutnant Dickfeld seinen 82. bis 90. Luftsieg.[14] Leutnant Graf achieved his 98th to 104th, Leutnant Dickfeld his 82nd to 90th aerial victories in yesterday's aerial combat on the Eastern Front.


  1. According to Scherzer on 18 May 1942[12]



  1. Spick 1996, pp. 3–4.
  2. Stockert 1996, p. 435.
  3. Obermaier 1989, p. 243.
  4. Dickfeld 2005, p. 390.
  5. 12oclockhigh forum
  6. axishistory forum
  7. 7.0 7.1 Thomas 1997, p. 116.
  8. Patzwall 2008, p. 65.
  9. Obermaier 1989, p. 50.
  10. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 83.
  11. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 160.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 271.
  13. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 59.
  14. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 2, p. 129.


  • Dickfeld, Adolf (2005). Die Fährte des Jägers — Kriegerlebnisse eines Jagdfliegers (in German). Schnellbach, Germany: Verlag Siegfried Bublies. ISBN 978-3-926584-37-3. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • MacLean, French L (2007). Luftwaffe Efficiency & Promotion Reports: For the Knight's Cross Winners. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military History. ISBN 978-0-7643-2657-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D. (2008). Der Ehrenpokal für besondere Leistung im Luftkrieg (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-08-3. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 978-0-8041-1696-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Stockert, Peter (1996). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1 (in German). Bad Friedrichshall, Germany: Friedrichshaller Rundblick. ISBN 978-3-9802222-7-3. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

  • Adolf Dickfeld in the German National Library catalogue
  • "Aces of the Luftwaffe". Adolf Dickfeld. Retrieved 13 May 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "World War 2 Awards". Adolf Dickfeld. Retrieved 17 November 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Hohlspiegel". Der Spiegel 10/1952 (in German). Retrieved 16 February 2013. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>