Ajam of Iraq

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Iraqi Ajam
Total population
(~ 600,000 - 700,000[citation needed])
Regions with significant populations
Karbalā', Najaf, Baṣrah
Shīʿa Islam
Related ethnic groups
Ajam of Bahrain

Ajam of Iraq are Iraqi citizens of Persian Iranian national background or descent. Iranians have had a long presence in Iraq, dating back to antiquity.

Saddam Hussein deported many Iraqi Ajam in the 1970s and 1980s.


In the 1970s, Saddam Hussein deported between 350,000[1] to 650,000 Shia Iraqis of Iranian ancestry (Ajam).[2] Most of them went to Iran. Those who could prove an Iranian/Persian ancestry in Iran's court received Iranian citizenship (400,000) and some of them returned to Iraq after Saddam.[2]


Iraqi Persians belong to Twelver Shīʿa Islam . The same religion, sect, and school that most Iraqis belong. Even today there are millions of Iraqis that are of Persian descent.

See also


  1. U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Hamshahri Newspaper (In Persian)". hamshahri.org. Retrieved 12 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>