André Frédéric Cournand

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André Frédéric Cournand
Born (1895-09-24)September 24, 1895
Died February 19, 1988(1988-02-19) (aged 92)
Great Barrington, Berkshire County, Massachusetts
Nationality France
Fields physiology
Institutions Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Known for Cardiac catheterization
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1956)

André Frédéric Cournand (September 24, 1895 – February 19, 1988) was a French physician and physiologist.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1956 along with Werner Forssmann and Dickinson W. Richards for the development of cardiac catheterization.

Born in Paris, Cournand emigrated to the United States in 1930 and, in 1941, became a naturalized citizen. For most of his career, Cournand was a professor at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and worked at Bellevue Hospital in New York City.

Many seats of medical research have recognized his work, and he has received the Anders Retzius Silver Medal of the Swedish Society for Internal Medicine (1946), the Lasker Award of the United States Public Health Association (1949), the John Philipps Memorial Award of the American College of Physicians (1952), the Gold Medal of the Académie Royale de Médecine de Belgique and of the Académie Nationale de Médecine, Paris (1956). He was elected Doctor (honoris causa) of the Universities of Strasbourg (1957), Lyon (1958), Brussels (1959), Pisa (1961), and D.Sc. of the University of Birmingham (1961). His widow Beatrice died in 1993 aged 90.


  • Kenéz, J (Nov 1975). "A.F. Cournand, pioneer in respiratory function testing". Orvosi hetilap. 116 (46): 2725–7. PMID 1105289.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Riley, R L (Oct 1971). "The award of the Trudeau Medal for 1971 (Andre F. Cournand)". Am. Rev. Respir. Dis. 104 (4): 615–7. PMID 4937533.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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