Assembly of the African Union

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the African Union

The Assembly of the African Union, which is formally known as the African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government (AU-AHSG), is one of several decision-making bodies within the African Union. The other bodies are the Pan-African Parliament, the Executive Council consisting of foreign ministers of the AU members states, and the African Union Commission. The Chairperson of the Assembly has few formal functions, the most important of which is to preside at the Pan-African Parliament during the election and swearing in of the President of the Pan-African Parliament.

History of the Assembly

The Assembly came into existence on 25 May 1963, as part of the ratification of Organization of African Unity (OAU). Initially the Assembly consisted of 32 independent members, the heads of state of the African states that had achieved independence by 1963. Until 2001, the governing constitution of the Assembly was the OAU Charter. The Assembly is now subject to the Union Act that created the African Union.

Members of the Assembly

The AU Assembly of the Heads of State and Government consists of the 54 heads of state and government of the member countries, the Assembly meets once a year at the AU Summit. The current Chairman of the Assembly is President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe.

The current members of the AU-AHSG are:

Member State Representative Title Member since Photo
 Algeria Bouteflika, AbdelazizAbdelaziz Bouteflika President 27 April 1999 Bouteflika (Algiers, Feb 2006).jpeg
 Angola José Eduardo dos Santos President 10 September 1979 100x180px
 Benin Boni, Thomas YayiThomas Yayi Boni President 6 April 2006 Yayi Boni.jpg
 Botswana Khama, IanIan Khama President 1 April 2008 Ian Khama (2014) (cropped).jpg
 Burkina Faso Kaboré, Roch Marc ChristianRoch Marc Christian Kaboré President 6 December 2015 100x148px
 Burundi Nkurunziza, PierrePierre Nkurunziza President 26 August 2005 100x160px
 Cabo Verde Fonseca, Jorge CarlosJorge Carlos Fonseca President 9 September 2011 100x148px
 Cameroon Biya, PaulPaul Biya President 6 November 1982 Paul Biya 2014.png
 Central African Republic

(Suspended member)
Samba-Panza, CatherineCatherine Samba-Panza President (Acting) 23 January 2014 100x148px
 Chad Déby, IdrissIdriss Déby President 2 August 1990 100x170px
 Comoros Ikililou Dhoinine President 26 May 2011 100x148px
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Kabila, JosephJoseph Kabila President 26 January 2001 100x152px
 Republic of the Congo Denis Sassou Nguesso President 25 August 1997 Denis Sassou Nguesso 2014.png
 Côte d'Ivoire Alassane Ouattara President 4 December 2010 100x180px
 Djibouti Ismail Omar Guelleh President 8 May 1999 Ismail Omar Guelleh 2010.jpg
 Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi President 8 June 2014 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.PNG
 Equatorial Guinea Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, TeodoroTeodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo President 3 August 1979 100x130px
 Eritrea Afewerki, IsaiasIsaias Afewerki President 24 May 1993 100x160px
 Ethiopia Desalegne, Haile MariamHaile Mariam Desalegne Prime Minister 20 August 2012 Hailemariam Desalegn - Closing Plenary- Africa's Next Chapter - World Economic Forum on Africa 2011.jpg
 Gabon Ali Bongo Ondimba President 19 October 2009 Ali Bongo Ondimba, President of Gabon at the Climate Security Conference in London, 22 March 2012.jpg
 The Gambia Jammeh, YahyaYahya Jammeh President 22 July 1994 100x130px
 Ghana Mahama, John DramaniJohn Dramani Mahama President 24 July 2012 100x170px
 Guinea Condé, AlphaAlpha Condé President 21 December 2010 Alpha Conde - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg
 Guinea-Bissau Mário Vaz, JoséJosé Mário Vaz President 23 June 2014 100x160px
 Kenya Kenyatta, UhuruUhuru Kenyatta President 9 April 2013 100x130px
 Lesotho Mosisili, PakalithaPakalitha Mosisili Prime Minister 17 March 2015 Pakalitha Mosisili with Obamas cropped.jpg
 Liberia Johnson Sirleaf, EllenEllen Johnson Sirleaf President 16 January 2006 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf February 2015.jpg
 Libya al-Thani, AbdullahAbdullah al-Thani Prime Minister 11 March 2014 Abdullah al-Thani.jpg
 Madagascar Rajaonarimampianina, HeryHery Rajaonarimampianina President 25 January 2014 100x140px
 Malawi Mutharika, PeterPeter Mutharika President 31 May 2014 Arthur Peter Mutharika 2014 (cropped).jpg
 Mali Keïta, Ibrahim BoubacarIbrahim Boubacar Keïta President 4 September 2013 Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta par Claude Truong-Ngoc décembre 2013 (cropped).jpg
 Mauritania Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz President 5 August 2009 Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz August 2014 (cropped).jpg
 Mauritius Jugnauth, AneroodAnerood Jugnauth Prime Minister 17 December 2014 100x152px
 Mozambique Nyusi, FilipeFilipe Nyusi President 15 January 2015 Filipe Nyusi cropped.png
 Namibia Geingob, HageHage Geingob President 21 March 2015 Hage Geingob.jpg
 Niger Issoufou, MahamadouMahamadou Issoufou President 7 April 2011 UNCTAD XIII Opening Ceremony (7099104739).jpg
 Nigeria Buhari, MuhammaduMuhammadu Buhari President 29 May 2015 Muhammadu Buhari - Chatham House.jpg
 Rwanda Kagame, PaulPaul Kagame President 24 March 2000 100x148px
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Abdelaziz, MohamedMohamed Abdelaziz President 22 February 1982 100x160px
 São Tomé and Príncipe Pinto da Costa, ManuelManuel Pinto da Costa President 3 September 2011 Manuel Pinto da Costa.jpg
 Senegal Sall, MackyMacky Sall President 2 April 2012 100x148px
 Seychelles Michel, JamesJames Michel President 16 April 2004 100x148px
 Sierra Leone Ernest Bai Koroma President 17 September 2007 Ernest Bai Koroma February 2015.jpg
 Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud President 6 September 2012 Hassan Sheikh Mohamud-vf2.jpg
 South Africa Zuma, JacobJacob Zuma President 9 May 2009 Jacob G. Zuma - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting Davos 2010.jpg
 South Sudan Kiir Mayardit, SalvaSalva Kiir Mayardit President 9 July 2011 100x148px
 Sudan Omar al-Bashir President 16 October 1993 100x160px
 Swaziland Mswati III King 25 April 1986 100x160px
 Tanzania Magufuli, JohnJohn Magufuli President 5 November 2015 John Magufuli 2015.png
 Togo Gnassingbé, FaureFaure Gnassingbé President 4 May 2005 Faure Gnassingbé 2014.png
 Tunisia Beji Caid Essebsi President 31 December 2014 Beji Caid el Sebsi at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 006.jpg
 Uganda Museveni, YoweriYoweri Museveni President 26 January 1986 100x148px
 Zambia Lungu, EdgarEdgar Lungu President 25 January 2015 Edgar Lungu January 2015.jpg
 Zimbabwe Mugabe, RobertRobert Mugabe President 31 December 1987 Robert Mugabe, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-417.jpg

Functions of the Assembly

50th anniversary African Union Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25 May 2013

The Assembly has nine basic functions:

  1. set policies of the Union.
  2. decide on what action to take after consideration of reports and recommendations from the other organs of the Union.
  3. consider membership requests into the Union.
  4. create bodies for the Union.
  5. monitor the implementation of policies and decisions of the Union as well ensure compliance by all Member States.
  6. create a budget of the Union.
  7. provide direction to the Executive Council on conflicts, war and other emergency situations and the restoration of peace.
  8. select judges for and withdraw judges of the Court of Justice.
  9. appoint the Chairman of the Commission, Commissioners of the Commission, all respective deputies and determine how long they will serve and what duties they will perform.

Decisions of the Assembly

The Assembly shall take its decisions by consensus or, failing which, by a two-thirds majority of the Member States of the Union. However, procedural matters, including the question of whether a matter is one of procedure or not, shall be decided by a simple majority.

Two-thirds of the total membership of the Union shall form a quorum at any meeting of the Assembly.

The Assembly may delegate any of its powers and functions to any organ of the Union

See Also

European Council, the European alternative.

External links