August Thiele

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August Thiele
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-L17874, Thiele (crop).jpg
August Thiel
Born (1893-08-26)26 August 1893
Charlottenburg
Died 31 March 1981(1981-03-31) (aged 87)
Mölln
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Kaiserliche Marine
 Reichsmarine
 Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1912–45
Rank Vizeadmiral
Unit SMS Vineta
SMS Gazelle
SMS Preussen
SMS Deutschland
SMS Stettin
SMS Kolberg
SMS Medusa
Commands held Minesweeper M 111
SSS Gorch Fock
SSS Horst Wessel
heavy cruiser Lützow
Kampfgruppe "Thiele"
Battles/wars World War I

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

August Adolf Karl Hermann Thiele (3 March 1894 – 2 November 1967) was a Vizeadmiral with the Kriegsmarine during World War II and commander of the heavy cruiser "Lützow". He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Kapitän zur See Thiele received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his command of the heavy cruiser Lützow and his leadership of Kampfgruppe V (5th battle group) during the occupation of Oslo. Thiele had taken command of the battle group after the sinking of Blücher.[1] He was promoted to Vizeadmiral (Vice Admiral) on 1 April 1943 and was appointed commander of the Kampfgruppe II (2nd battle group) in the Baltic Sea on 28 July 1944 and commander of Kampfgruppe "Thiele" on 23 March 1945. With the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, Admiral Hipper, Admiral Scheer and Lützow, and the ships of the line Schlesien and Schleswig-Holstein and the light cruisers Emden, Köln, Leipzig and Nürnberg he participated from sea in the land battles for Courland and in Samland.

Awards

Promotions

14 May 1912: Seekadett (Midshipman)[2]
12 April 1913: Fähnrich zur See (Officer Cadet)[2]
22 March 1915: Leutnant zur See (Second Lieutenant)[2]
25 December 1917: Oberleutnant zur See (First Lieutenant)[2]
1 June 1922: Kapitänleutnant (Captain Lieutenant)[2]
1 October 1930: Korvettenkapitän (Corvette Captain)[2]
1 October 1935: Fregattenkapitän (Frigate Captain)[2]
1 April 1937: Kapitän zur See (Captain at Sea)[2]
1 April 1941: Konteradmiral (Counter Admiral)[2]
1 April 1943: Vizeadmiral (Vice Admiral)[2]

References

Citations

  1. Dörr 1996, p. 282.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 Dörr 1996, p. 285.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Thomas 1998, p. 373.
  4. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 473.
  5. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 421.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 741.
  7. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 101.

Bibliography

  • Dörr, Manfred (1996). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Überwasserstreitkräfte der Kriegsmarine—Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio Verlag. ISBN 3-7648-2497-2.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

  • "August Thiele". Lexikon der Wehrmacht (in German). Retrieved 6 August 2011. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "August Thiele". Deutsches Marinearchiv (in German). Retrieved 6 August 2011. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "August Thiele". Geocities. Archived from the original on 2009-10-29. Retrieved 6 August 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>