August Zehender

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August Zehender
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1993-066-28A, August Zehender.jpg
Born (1903-04-28)28 April 1903
Aalen, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire
Died 11 February 1945(1945-02-11) (aged 41)
Budapest, Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun County, Kingdom of Hungary
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen SS
Years of service 1935–45
Rank Brigadeführer
Service number NSDAP #4,263,133
SS #224,219
Unit 22nd SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Maria Theresia
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

August Friedrich Zehender (28 April 1903 – 11 February 1945) was a Brigadeführer and General-Major in the Waffen-SS during World War II and the commander of the 22nd SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Maria Theresia. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, awarded by Nazi Germany to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.[1]

Career

August Zehender was born at Aalen near Württemberg in a family of a railway official.

August Zehender (center, looking up) walking up the Stairs of Death at Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp during a tour with Heinrich Himmler and other SS officers, June 1941.

In 1918, he joined the army and attended the non-commissioned officers' school at Ellwangen. In 1920, he was posted to the 25th Schützen Regiment at Schwäbisch Gmünd.[1] In 1935, Zehender was posted to the SS-Verfügungstruppe (his NSDAP party number was 4263133 and his SS service number 224219). He served with the III Battalion, SS-Standarte Germania at Ellwangen, where he was in charge of a platoon in the machine-gun company. Several years later, he became the commander of the 4th (machine-gun) Company in SS-Regiment Deutschland. After promotion to Sturmbannführer, he was given command of a motorcycle battalion in the Das Reich Division, having as his company commanders Wilhelm von Kment, Fritz Klingenberg and Christian Tychsen.[1]

At the end of June 1941, Zehender was seriously wounded on the Eastern Front at Losza. After his recovery he was posted to the SS Cavalry Brigade.[1]

In January 1943, Zehender's regiment took control of the village Cholomedina, fought off several counter-attacks from the enemy and made further attacks into the territory held by Soviet Red Army forces. For these actions he was promoted to Obersturmbannführer and awarded the Knights Cross on 10 March 1943.[1][2]

In the spring of 1944, he was given command of the 22nd SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Maria Theresa, with which he fought at Budapest.[1]

On 4 February 1945, Zehender was awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross. He was killed in action 7 days later in Budapest at the age of 41.[1]

Awards

Notes

  1. According to Scherzer as commander of the SS-Kavallerie-Regiment 2.[5]

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "ritterkruetztraeger".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Landwehr 1999, p. 125.
  3. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 528.
  4. Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 456, 509.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 802.
  6. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 96.

Bibliography

  • Thomas M. Durante. "The German Close Combat Clasp of World War II" (2007). ISBN 978-90-812301-1-7.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Landwehr, Richard (1999). Steadfast Hussars : the last cavalry divisions of the Waffen-SS. Brookings, Ore.: Siegrunen. ISBN 1-57638-130-7.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>