|Traded as||BM&F Bovespa: BBTG11
|Founded||1983 in the city of Rio de Janeiro|
Number of locations
|30, such as: Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia, Belo Horizonte, Porto Alegre, Recife, Salvador, Ribeirao Preto, Curitiba, Cuiaba, Sorriso, Varginha, Santiago, Medellin, Bogota, Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Lima, San Jose, Naples, New York, Stamford, Houston, Johannesburg, Geneva, Kiev, London, Nairobi, Shanghai, Hong Kong|
|Revenue||BR$ 6.7 billion (2014)|
Number of employees
BTG Pactual is a Brazilian financial company that operates in the markets of Investment Banking, Wealth Management and Asset Management. It offers advisory services in mergers and acquisitions, wealth planning, loans and financings, as well as investment solutions and market analyses.
With headquarters in São Paulo, the clients of the Bank – which started out as a brokerage firm in 1983 in Rio de Janeiro – are companies, retail and institutional investors, as well as municipal, state and federal governments. With assets of R$218,3 bn and shares traded on the BM&F Bovespa and NYSE Euronext, BTG Pactual has offices in the main Latin American cities and in the world's leading financial centers..
Since December 3 2015, BTG Pactual is controlled by the Top Seven Partners, composed of members Marcelo Kalim, Roberto Sallouti, Persio Arida, Antonio Carlos Canto Porto Filho, James Marcos de Oliveira, Renato Monteiro dos Santos and Guilherme da Costa Paes. The group has acted as bank executives during André dos Santos Esteves' management, a former BTG Pactual controller and CEO.
The change came after the arrest of Esteves, who is still a shareholder of the bank, but without voting power. Esteves was arrested on November 25 in the Lava-jato operation, promoted by the Brazilian Federal Police. Since then, Roberto Sallouti and Marcelo Kalim are co-CEOs of the bank. Persio Arida is chairman of the Board of Directors.
Since then, the executives promoted different measures to disassociate the image of BTG Pactual of its former CEO, especially after the reaction of the capital market (the bank's units on BM&FBOVESPA depreciated more than 50% within two weeks after Esteves arrest and continue to depreciate) and the lowering of the rating agencies Moody's and Fitch.
- 1 Business Lines
- 2 Main financial indicators
- 3 Structure
- 4 History
- 5 Controversies
- 6 External links
- 7 References
As a consultant or financier, BTG Pactual helps companies, other financial institutions and governments to obtain funding via the issuance of securities, and structured and guaranteed loans. It also provides services in M&A, IPOs, FX operations, as well as trading in derivatives and commodities.
With a focus on capital preservation for institutional clients, it offers consultancy and investment solutions in fixed income, money markets, public and private equity, as well as stock, receivables-backed, real estate, hedge and private equity funds.
BTG Pactual area responsible for managing customized investment portfolios for High Net Worth (HNW) individuals. It also offers financial advisory services to families that need to protect and expand their wealth, as well as succession and real estate planning.
Main financial indicators
BTG Pactual, considered one of the main Investment Banks in Latin America, has the following financial results (2014):
- Total revenues: R$6.7bn
- Net profit: R$3.4bn
- Net equity: R$18.6bn
BTG Pactual is formed by two joint controlling subgroups: Banco BTG Pactual and BTG Pactual Participations. The latter is the managing partner and controller of BTG Investments. Banco BTG Pactual is the main operating company of the group. On 15 September 2015, BTG Pactual acquired Banca della Svizzera Italiana (BSI) / Banco da Suíça Italiana). Founded in 1873 in the city of Lugano, BSI is a financial institution specialized in wealth management for private and corporate clients.
BTG Pactual began in 1983, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, with the foundation of the brokerage firm Pactual DTVM. Since then, the company has achieved the following milestones:
- 1986: creation of the Asset Management and Investment Bank areas;
- 1989: opening of office in São Paulo and internationalization of operations;
- 1994: start of Wealth Management activities;
- 1998: acquisition of Banco Sistema, ex-Bamerindus;
- 2000: opening of Pactual Asset Management S.A. DTVM;
- 2001: opening of Pactual Banking office in Cayman Islands;
- 2002: creation of Pactual Corretora de Mercadorias LTDA
- 2003: start of expansion in Brazil, with opening of Belo Horizonte and Recife offices;
- 2006: UBS buys Banco Pactual and creates UBS Pactual;
- 2008: Ex-partners of Pactual and managing directors of UBS establish BTG as a global company;
- 2009: BTG buys out UBS share holding and creates Banco BTG Pactual;
- 2010: US$1.8bn capital increase via sale of 18.65% of the Group to international investors;
- 2011: acquisition of co-control of Banco PanAmericano;
- 2012: BTG Pactual buys the brokerages Celfin Capital in Chile and Bolsa y Renta in Colombia; BTG Pactual also held its IPO, raising R$3.65bn, making it one of the 20 biggest listed companies on the BM&FBovespa;
- 2013: Banco BTG Pactual, via the subsidiary BTG Pactual Timberland Investments Group LLC, acquires forest asset management contracts from Regions Timberland Group, a division of Regions Bank. The acquisition expands the Bank´s investment platform in forest assets. The deal establishes BTG Pactual as the biggest independent forest asset manager in Latin America and one of the biggest in the world, with assets of US$3bn and a portfolio with 716,000 hectares of land in North America, Latin America, Europe and Africa;
- 2014: BTG Pactual acquires 100% of the shares of BSI (Banca della Svizzera Italiana).
In November 2007, André Esteves' insider trading "force[d] the bank to amend its prospectus, give investors the option of reconsidering bids for BTG shares, and put a cloud over one of this year's highest profile bank deals." In "a statement, BTG Pactual said Esteves believed the allegations had no merit and was determined to appeal the decision." However, the CEO of BTG Pactual André Esteves, did not file an appeal, citing cost and a loss of time as his reasons.
In 2013, Charles Rosier, a partner of BTG Pactual, was convicted in the largest insider trading case in the history of France. While at UBS, at the end of March and early April 2008, he and his cousin Joseph Raad used inside information to purchase shares and options in Geodis just before the announcement of a takeover bid. Of significance, Rosier worked at UBS when he participated in the insider trades when André Esteves, now CEO and partner and director of BTG Pactual, was still employed by UBS as head of fixed income in charge of $1.7 trillion USD. Esteves had also committed inside trades while at UBS only a few months earlier in November 2007. Also of significance, Huw Jenkins, partner and director and chairman of BTG Pactual and formerly CEO of UBS Investment Bank, was a consultant to UBS at the same time.
Pactual sale to UBS and resale to BTG
Arthur Rutishauser in Sonntagszeitung argued that the way 27% of BTG was acquired is an example of an insider case: André Esteves sold the bank in 2006 for 3.1 billion Swiss Francs to UBS, where at that time Huw Jenkins was a key decision maker, and heavily involved in that transaction. Esteves later repurchased Pactual back in 2009 for 2.5 billion Swiss Francs after being allowed to leave UBS to set up BTG. Huw Jenkins was ejected from UBS in 2007 and disappeared from view, to then resurface as a senior partner and Board member at BTG Pactual in 2010.
BTG Pactual Purchase of BSI
On 14 July 2014, BTG Pactual purchased Banca della Svizzera Italiana (BSI), with the purchase being subject to the approval by the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA). The current CEO of FINMA is Mark Branson who was previously the CEO of UBS Securities Japan Ltd. Of significance, Branson reported directly to Huw Jenkins, the CEO of UBS Investment Bank and who is now a partner and director of BTG Pactual. Branson also worked alongside André Esteves, now CEO of BTG Pactual while both worked at UBS in its management committee in November 2007 during which time Andre Esteves committed insider trades. Under Mark Branson’s leadership, FINMA is in the process to now decide whether to approve BTG Pactual’s purchase of BSI, despite BTG Pactual being owned and operated by his former boss and colleague Huw Jenkins and André Esteves, although it clearly does not implicate any illegal activity whatsoever. 
Lawsuit in Hong Kong by Ex-Employee Zeljko Ivic
The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of BTG Pactual André Esteves, and a member of the board of directors Huw Jenkins, reportedly "made fraudulent misrepresentations to get Zeljko Ivic to sign agreements with Banco BTG Pactual SA, according to a lawsuit filed with the Hong Kong High Court." Robert Tibbo, Zeljko Ivic's attorney, has stated that Zeljko Ivic played a key role in Banco BTG Pactual SA's IPO. Ivic states that he was the key player in fundraising with nine entities, including the China Investment Corporation, GIC Private Limited, as well as the Agnelli and Rothschild families. As such, Ivic is making a case against Banco BTG Pactual SA, BTG Pactual Asia Ltd., CEO Andre Esteves and director Huw Jenkins, and $20 million USD is the amount of the lawsuit, which will serve as compensation for the value of BTG Pactual's shares, promised partnership and unpaid bonuses to Zeljko Ivic.
Conflict with Brazilian Regulators and Central Bank
Bloomberg L.P. reported that “In three separate cases since 1999, Brazil’s central bank and securities commission alleged Pactual had illegally transferred profits to foreign funds to disguise gains and avoid taxes.” In the last case, Pactual was ordered to pay 4 million reais, in addition to the fines charged to the bank partners themselves.
Involvement in Sete
On 19 June 2015, Marcelo Odebrecht, the CEO of Brazil’s largest construction company was arrested by Brazilian Federal Police. Odebrecht was arrested on allegations of fraud, corruption, money laundering and organized crime relating to contracts worth billions of dollars with the rigs company Sete and the state oil company Petrobras. While in detention, Odebrecht attempted to pass a handwritten note to his lawyers that included and mentioned André Esteves, thus potentially implicating BTG Pactual and Andre Esteves in Lava Jato (Carwash). One of Sete’s largest shareholders is BTG Pactual headed by CEO André Esteves. In the handwritten note, Odebrecht requested his lawyers to “destroy rigs’ email.” On 25 November 2015, Esteves was arrested as part of a criminal investigation into Petrobras after he was investigated for his bank's dealings with the oil company.
- Silvia Aloisi, Steve Slater (16 April 2012). "Insidertrading fine casts cloud over BTG Pactual IPO". Reuters. Retrieved 10 January 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "Aloisi2012" defined multiple times with different content
- "Annual Shareholder's Meeting". BTG Pactual. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
Mr. André Santos Esvetes hereby declares, for all legal purposes, that in the last five years he has not been subject to the effects of any felony convictions, penalties applied by the CVM in administrative proceedings or final and unappealable decisions, either in legal or administrative proceedings, which would prevent him from performing any professional or business activities, except for the proceeding arising from the civil investigation by the Commissione Nazionale per Le Societá e La Borsa – CONSOB, in Europe, related to the improper secondary use of privileged information in the trading of securities issued by Cremonini S.p.A., which was then negotiating a partnership with JBS S.A., executed in 2007, in which the following decisions were taken: (i) the suspension of André Esteves as an administrator of companies regulated by CONSOB; (ii) the freezing of the supposed profits from the securities trading; and (iii) the imposition of a fine. Mr. ESTEVES filed an administrative appeal, which he subsequently withdrew despite his continuing affirmation that the accusations were unfounded, in order to avoid the expense involved in such an appeal, as well as the time lost. It is important to emphasize that the above-mentioned suspension occurred during the analysis of the subsequent appeal. It is also important to note that, due to its nature, this proceeding does not reflect any criminal consequences.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Brule, Jill Van Den. "Charles Rosier To Support MPOWERD's Luci Lantern Lighting Up The City Of Lights". iReach. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Luci will be distributed throughout France in the coming months with the support of Charles Rosier, a partner with Brazilian investment bank, BTG Pactual.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Stothard, Michael. "French trader is fined record €14m". Financial Times. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
France’s market regulator has handed out the largest fine in its history to a trader who made €6.2m from insider trading, as the watchdog joins those in the US, UK and Japan taking a tougher line on financial crimes. High quality global journalism requires investment. Joseph Raad “an experienced financier and regular investor” was passed information about the imminent takeover of logistics company Geodis by SNCF, the French state railway, in 2008 by his cousin Charles Rosier, a UBS banker at the time close to the deal, according to the Autorité des Marchés Financiers.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Freehills, Herbert Smith (23 October 2013). "French AMF imposes record insider dealing fine - Lexology". Lexology. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Last Thursday, the French AMF imposed a record €14m fine on trader Joseph Raad for engaging in market abuse, alleging that he used non-public information sourced from a cousin to make €6.2m in 2008 by trading in the shares and options of logistics company Geodis. The AMF claims that Charles Rosier, a banker, tipped Raad off about an impending transaction that involved French state railway SNCF bidding for Geodis, and that Raad bought Geodis shares and options worth €8m in the fortnight leading up to the announcement of the bid.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Sanction". Autorité des marchés financiers. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Brasileiro, Adriana (25 October 2007). "Brazil Billionaire Runs $1.7 Trillion in UBS Assets". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Esteves is now in charge of about $1.7 trillion in UBS assets about 70 percent more than Brazil's current gross domestic product of $1.05 trillion.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Schäfer, Daniel (16 April 2012). "BTG chief fined for insider trading". Financial Times. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
The bank had mentioned “ongoing civil, non-criminal investigation in Europe” against Mr Esteves in its IPO prospectus published at the beginning of the month, without providing any detail at the time.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "HL Paper 27-III/HC 175-III". Minutes of Evidence. House of Commons - Parliamentary Commission on Banking Standards. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Q2140 Mark Garnier: Mr Jenkins, I think you started at UBS at 1996 and you became head of equities for the Americas in 2000.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Rutishauser, Arthur. "Die neuen Herren der BSI und ihre Vergangenheit" (in German). Sonntagszeitung. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
Der grösste Insiderfall – allerdings kein strafbarer, sondern ein cleverer – ist, wie Esteves zu seiner Bank kam, an der er 27 Prozent be sitzt und die er beherrscht. Er verkaufte die Bank 2006 der UBS für 3,1 Milliarden Franken. Zwei Jahre später kaufte er sie für 2,5 Milliarden zurück und brachte sie 2012 für 14 Milliar den Dollar an die Börse. Verantwortlich für den Kauf der Pactual war 2006 der damaligen UBS-Investmentbanking chef Hew Jenkins. Jenkins wur de da mals kurzzeitig zum Chef von Esteves. Es war unter seiner Ägide, als die UBS einen grossen Teil der Schrott-Hypotheken kaufte, die bei der UBS zu den 60 Milliarden Franken Abschreibungen und letztlich zum Eingreifen des Staates führten.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Jenkins, Patrick. "Ex-UBS man's key role in Brazil bank". Financial Times. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
Like most of those who were ejected from their jobs during the financial crisis, he swiftly disappeared from view.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Bray, Chad; Dan Horch (14 July 2014). "Generali Sells Swiss Private Bank to BTG Pactual for $1.7 Billion". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
The Italian insurer Generali Group said on Monday that it had agreed to sell BSI, a Swiss private lender, to the banking unit of BTG Pactual Group of Brazil for about $1.7 billion.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Shotter, James (26 March 2014). "Former UBS banker Branson to head Finma". Financial Times. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Before working for Finma, Mr Branson held a number of senior positions at UBS, including working as chief financial officer of its wealth management and Swiss bank business. He was also in charge of UBS’s Japanese securities unit between 2006 and 2008, a period during which employees at the division were involved in attempts to manipulate Libor. As a result, he faced calls to step down in 2012 after UBS reached a SFr1.4bn settlement with a number of regulators, including Finma, over allegations that it had manipulated interbank rates on an “epic” scale.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "UBS announces senior management appointments". UBS. 15 September 2005. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Mark Branson, currently UBS's Chief Communication Officer, will become CEO of UBS Securities Japan Ltd, succeeding Simon Bunce, recently appointed Global Head of Fixed Income for UBS's Investment Bank. In his new role, reporting to Huw Jenkins, CEO, Investment Bank and Rory Tapner, Chairman and CEO, Asia Pacific, Mark Branson will oversee the development of UBS's Investment Bank in Japan and coordinate UBS Group activities in one of the world's largest and most important financial services markets.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Dubas, Sebastien. "Le futur patron de BSI et son passé interpellent". Le Temps SA. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Le repreneur, ou le sauveur, se nommait BTG Pactual, un groupe financier brésilien. Les 2000 employés de BSI pouvaient regarder de l’avant, Generali tourner la page, BTG Pactual se féliciter d’avoir payé un montant jugé dérisoire par nombre d’observateurs – 1,5 milliard de francs pour 89 milliards sous gestion – et la Suisse se réjouir d’attirer encore des banques étrangères. Presque un an plus tard, le rachat doit toujours être validé par la Finma. Si le délai peut sembler long, c’est que le feu vert de l’autorité de surveillance des marchés financiers est lié, en partie, au dossier fiscal américain. Or, BSI a conclu un accord à 211 millions de dollars avec la justice américaine (DoJ) fin mars. Ce qui devrait lui permettre, espère-t-elle dans son rapport annuel publié dans la foulée, d’entériner la transaction rapidement. «La clôture du dossier américain était l’une des préconditions au rachat de BTG», souligne ainsi une source proche du dossier.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Senior Marketing Changes at UBS" (PDF). Financial News. 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "André Esteves é processado em Hong Kong por ex-Funcionário" (in Portuguese). Brasil Econômico. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
André Esteves, o bilionário fundador do BTG Pactual do Brasil, foi processado por um ex-funcionário em Hong Kong, que alega que lhe foram prometidas uma parceria e ações por conseguir investidores antes da venda inicial de ações do banco. Zeljko Ivic alegou que o Banco BTG Pactual SA, o presidente e CEO Esteves e Huw Jenkins, um sócio-gerente, fizeram deturpações fraudulentas para que ele assinasse acordos com o banco de investimentos, conforme uma ação judicial apresentada perante o Supremo Tribunal de Hong Kong.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Wong, Douglas (15 May 2014). "BTGBillionaire Esteves Sued in Hong Kong by Ex-Employee - Bloomberg". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
Andre Esteves, the billionaire founder of Brazil’s BTG Pactual, was sued by a former employee in Hong Kong who claims he was promised a partnership and stock for securing investors before the bank’s initial share sale. Zeljko Ivic alleged that Banco BTG Pactual SA, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Esteves and Huw Jenkins, a managing partner, made fraudulent misrepresentations to get him to sign agreements with the investment bank, according to a lawsuit filed with the Hong Kong High Court. BTG Pactual raised as much as 3.66 billion reais ($1.66 billion) in its 2012 initial public offering. The sale followed a 2010 agreement to sell a stake to a group including China Investment Corp., GIC Pte. and the Rothschild and Agnelli families. Esteves, 45, is worth $4.2 billion according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index, mostly due to his 22 percent stake in BTG Pactual. Jenkins and Hong Kong-based BTG Pactual Asia Ltd., which has also been sued, will vigorously defend the claims, “which they believe to be baseless and without merit,” according to their lawyer Randall Arthur. BTG Pactual doesn’t comment on matters under litigation, the Sao Paulo-based bank said in an e-mail response to queries. Shares of the company fell 0.7 percent to 32.22 reais at 10:41 a.m. in Sao Paulo. Ivic is seeking more than $20 million as damages for the value of the shares and partnership promised, as well as unpaid bonuses, his lawyer Robert Tibbo said.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "20-Millionen-Klage gegen André Esteves und Huw Jenkins" (in German). Fine News. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
Der Anwalt von Ivic sagte hingegen, die beiden hätten Ivic etwas vorgespielt. Sein Klient habe eine Schlüsselrolle beim Pactual-Börsengang gespielt.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Samor, Geraldo (15 May 2014). "Zeljko Ivic vs. BTG" (in Portuguese). Veja. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
Zeljko Ivic, o reclamante, alega que Esteves e o BTG lhe prometeram sociedade no banco para recompensar seu trabalho, mas não lhe teriam pago. Que trabalho? Ivic alega que foi pessoa-chave na captação de recursos que o BTG fez junto a nove entidades, incluindo os fundos soberanos China Investment Corporation e GIC e as famílias uber-líquidas Rothschild e Agnelli.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "André Esteves é processado em Hong Kong por ex-Funcionário" (in Portuguese). Brasil Econômico. 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
Há dois processos iniciados por Ivic sobre o assunto. O primeiro, contra o BTG Pactual Asia, começou no Tribunal do Trabalho e foi transferido para o Supremo Tribunal porque envolvia alegações de fraude e devido à complexidade do caso. Ivic apresentou outro processo diretamente ao Supremo Tribunal para citar os réus no exterior.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Wong, Douglas (15 May 2014). "Esteves, do BTG Pactual, é processado por ex-funcionário" (in Portuguese). Exame. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
Ivic está buscando mais de US$ 20 milhões de indenização pelo valor das ações e da parceria prometidas, bem como bônus não pagos, disse seu advogado, Robert Tibbo.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Rizério, Laura (15 May 2014). "Ex-funcionário do BTG de Hong Kong processa André Esteves e pede reparação de US$ 20 mi" (in Portuguese). InfoMoney. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
De acordo com o advogado Robert Tibbo, Ivic quer mais de US$ 20 milhões em danos morais, tendo como base o valor das ações e a parceria prometida.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Garvey, Paul (21 May 2014). "Edward Snowden lawyer helps accused insider trader Steven Xiao exploit boats row". The Australian. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
In addition to representing Mr Snowden, Mr Tibbo is part of a law suit against billionaire Brazilian Andre Esteves. Mr Tibbo is acting for Zeljko Ivic, who is suing Mr Esteves and his company BTG Pactual for more than $US20 million in damages.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Cuadros, Alex; Cristiane Lucchesi (10 September 2012). "BTG's Esteves Drives 'Better Than Goldman' Rise in Bank's Clout - Bloomberg". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
Esteves has had run-ins with regulators. In three separate cases since 1999, Brazil’s central bank and securities commission alleged Pactual had illegally transferred profits to foreign funds to disguise gains and avoid taxes. Esteves and his partners received warnings in the first two incidents. In the third, he and another partner were ordered to pay a combined settlement of 100,000 reais ($50,000), with Pactual paying another 4 million reais. The case closed in 2007 without any admission of guilt.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Schmidt, Blake; Sabrina Valle (19 June 2015). "Arrest of 'Big Fish' Odebrecht Ups the Stakes in Petrobras Probe - Bloomberg Business". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
Police detained Odebrecht, 46 years old, and Otavio Azevedo of Andrade Gutierrez SA, Friday as part of a coordinated federal operation involving 220 police officers in four states. The strike is the culmination of months of digging by investigators who were convinced that a scheme involving Petrobras insiders and contractors to rake-off vast sums from inflated construction and service contracts had to have the blessings of corporate higher-ups.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Schmidt, Blake; Sabrina Valle. "Odebrecht CEO Wrote Note to Destroy E-Mail, Police Say". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
The head of Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht SA wrote a note to lawyers with the phrase “destroy rigs e-mail” while he was in jail, police said Wednesday, drawing more attention to the most senior executive detained in a wide-ranging graft investigation. Marcelo Odebrecht, 46, wrote the message that was handed to lawyers and photocopied at the jail as part of a routine search, according to a police statement. The note also mentions “André Esteves,” which is the name of the billionaire banker who is CEO of Grupo BTG Pactual SA<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Kiernan, Paul (20 June 2015). "Moody's Warns About Ratings of Two Brazilian Companies, After Arrest of CEOs". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 21 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Senior Brazilian senator and billionaire CEO both arrested for corruption". The Guardian. Reuters. 26 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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