Battle of El Sauce

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Battle of El Sauce
Part of United States occupation of Nicaragua, Banana Wars
Date December 26, 1932
Location near El Sauce, Nicaragua
Result Nicaraguan-American victory
Belligerents
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua
 United States
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Sandinistas
Commanders and leaders
United States Chesty Puller
United States William Lee
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Juan Pablo Umanzor
Strength
8 American Marines
64 Nicaraguan National Guardsmen
~100[1]-~250[2]
Casualties and losses
3 killed
3 wounded[3]
At least 31 killed[3]
63 horses captured

The Battle of El Sauce, or the Battle of Punta de Rieles or Punta Rieles, took place on December 26, 1932 during the American occupation of Nicaragua of 1926–1933. It was the last major battle of the Sandino Rebellion of 1927–1933. The incident has its origins in Nicaraguan President José María Moncada's plan to commemorate the completion of the León-El Sauce railway on December 28, 1932.[4]:359–360 Rumors spread that Sandinista rebels planned on crashing the ceremony, so an expedition of eight American Marines and 64 Nicaraguan National Guardsmen led by Captain Lewis B. "Chesty" Puller were sent by train towards El Sauce on December 26, 1932 to secure the area. A Sandinista force led by Juan Pablo Umanzor, meanwhile, was looting a construction company commissary. As the Marines'/National Guard's train passed some ancient ruins, it was fired upon by rebels from both sides of the tracks.[1]

Soldiers led by Puller exited the train on the right side, while those following First Lieutenant William A. Lee got out on the left side of the tracks. Lee's men soon took cover in a ditch, while Puller's forces "tried to turn Umanzor's left flank."[3] During the firefight, Lieutenant Bennie M. Bunn grabbed a Browning automatic rifle and began driving the Sandinistas back. The battle concluded, after one hour and ten minutes, in a victory for the Marines and National Guard. Thirty-one Sandinista corpses were found after the battle (and 63 live horses were captured[2]), compared to losses of three killed and three wounded for the Guard.

Moncada got to participate in ceremony two days later, as planned. He was so pleased with American performance during the battle that he promoted Puller to major and Lee to captain.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Macaulay, Neill (February 1998). The Sandino Affair. Chicago: Quadrangle Books. p. 238.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Boot, Max (May 27, 2003). The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power. New York City: Basic Books. p. 249.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Macaulay, Neill (February 1998). The Sandino Affair. Chicago: Quadrangle Books. p. 239.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Musicant, I, The Banana Wars, 1990, New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., ISBN 0025882104
  5. Boot, Max (May 27, 2003). The Savage Wars of Peace: Small Wars and the Rise of American Power. New York City: Basic Books. pp. 249–250.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>