Bedawi Arabic

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Bedawi Arabic
A Bedawi-speaking Bedouin person, 1913
Native to Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia & Syria
Native speakers
1.7 million (prior to 1996 – 2006)[1]
Arabic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 avl
Glottolog east2690[2]

Bedawi Arabic (also known as Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic [ISO 639-3], Bedawi, Levantine Bedawi Arabic) is a variety of Arabic spoken by Bedouins mostly in eastern Egypt, and also in Jordan, Israel, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, Saudi Arabia and Syria. Dialects include Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, South Levantine Bedawi Arabic, and North Levantine Bedawi Arabic.[3]


  1. Bedawi Arabic at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Gordon 2005

Further reading

  • Haim Blanc. 1970. "The Arabic Dialect of the Negev Bedouins," Proceedings of The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 4/7:112-150.
  • Rudolf E. de Jong. 2000. A Grammar of the Bedouin Dialects of the Northern Sinai Littoral: Bridging the Linguistic Gap between the Eastern and Western Arab World. Leiden: Brill.
  • Judith Rosenhouse. 1984. The Bedouin Arabic Dialects: General Problems and Close Analysis of North Israel Bedouin Dialects. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.