Bombay Stock Exchange

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Bombay Stock Exchange
The BSE logo
BSE - Bombay Stock Exchange Building.jpg
Type Stock exchange
Location Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
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Founded 1875
Owner BSE Limited
Key people Ashishkumar Chauhan (MD & CEO)
Currency Indian rupee ()
No. of listings 5,749[citation needed]
Market cap US$ 1.7 trillion (23 Jan 2015)[1]
Volume US$ 93 billion (June 2014)[1]
BSE Small Cap
BSE Mid-Cap
BSE 500

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) is an Indian stock exchange located at Dalal Street, Kala Ghoda, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Established in 1875, the BSE is Asia’s first stock exchange and the world's fastest stock exchange with a median trade speed of 6 microseconds.[2] The BSE is the world's 11th largest stock exchange with an overall market capitalization of $1.7 trillion as of January 23rd, 2015.[3] More than 5500 companies are publicly listed on the BSE.


The BOMBAY STOCK EXCHANGE is the oldest exchange in Asia. Its history dates back to 1855, when four Gujarati and one Parsi stockbroker would gather under banyan trees in front of Mumbai's Town Hall. The location of these meetings changed many times to accommodate an increasing number of brokers. The group eventually moved to Dalal Street in 1874 and in became an official organization known as "The Native Share & Stock Brokers Association" in 1875.

On August 31, 1957, the BSE became the first stock exchange to be recognized by the Indian Government under the Securities Contracts Regulation Act. In 1980, the exchange moved to the Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers at Dalal Street, Fort area. In 1986, it developed the BSE SENSEX index, giving the BSE a means to measure the overall performance of the exchange. In 2000, the BSE used this index to open its derivatives market, trading SENSEX futures contracts. The development of SENSEX options along with equity derivatives followed in 2001 and 2002, expanding the BSE's trading platform.

Historically an open outcry floor trading exchange, the Bombay Stock Exchange switched to an electronic trading system developed by CMC Ltd. in 1995. It took the exchange only 50 days to make this transition. This automated, screen-based trading platform called BSE On-Line Trading (BOLT) had a capacity of 8 million orders per day. The BSE has also introduced a centralized exchange-based internet trading system, to enable investors anywhere in the world to trade on the BSE platform.[4]

The BSE is also a Partner Exchange of the United Nations Sustainable Stock Exchange initiative, joining in September 2012.[5]


The following is a complete timeline of the BSE.

1996 To 2001

2001 To 2010

  • 1 March 2001 Corporatisation of Exchanges proposed by the Union Govt.
  • 1 February 2001 BSE Webx Launched
  • 1 June 2001 Index Options launched
  • 4 June 2001 BSE PSU index introduced
  • 15 June 2001 WDM operations at commenced
  • 2 July 2001 Value at risk model introduced for margin requirement calculation
  • 9 July 2001 Stock options launched
  • 11 July 2001 BSE Teck launched, India’s First free float index
  • 25 July 2001 Dollex 30 launched
  • 1 November 2001 Stock futures launched
  • 29 November 2001 100% book building allowed
  • 31 December 2001 All securities clearing move to T+5 (trade date + 5 days)
  • 1 February 2002 Two way fungibility for ADR/GDR
  • 15 February 2002 Negotiated Dealing System (NDS) established
  • 1 April 2002 T+3 settlement Introduced
  • 1 January 2003 India’s first ETF on SENSEX – ‘SPICE' introduced
  • 16 January 2003 Retail trading in G Sec
  • 1 April 2003 T+2 settlement Introduced
  • 1 June 2003 Bankex launched
  • 1 September 2003 SENSEX shifted to free-float methodology
  • 1 December 2003 T group launched
  • 2 June 2004 SENSEX closes over 6000 for the first time (564.71 points, 11.14%)
  • 17 May 2004 Second biggest fall of all time, Circuit filters used twice in a day (the Scheme) announced by SEBI
  • 20 May 2005 The BSE (Corporatisation and Demutualisation) Scheme, 2005
  • 8 August 2005 Incorporation of Bombay Stock Exchange Limited
  • 12 August 2005 Certificate of Commencement of Business
  • 19 August 2005 BSE became a Corporate Entity
  • 7 February 2006 SENSEX closed above 10000
  • 7 July 2006 BSE Gujarati website launched
  • 21 October 2006 BSE Hindi website launched
  • 2 November 2006 ishares BSE SENSEX India Tracker listed at Hong Kong Stock Exchange
  • 2 January 2007 Launch of Unified Corporate Bond Reporting platform: Indian Corporate Debt Market (ICDM)
  • 7 March 2007 Singapore Exchange Limited entered into an agreement to invest in a 5% stake in BSE
  • 16 May 2007 Appointed Date under the Scheme i.e. Date on which Corporatisaton and Demutualisation was achieved. Notified by SEBI in the Official Gazette on 29 June 2007
  • 10 January 2008 SENSEX All-time high 21206.77
  • 1 October 2008 Currency Derivatives Introduced
  • 18 May 2009 The SENSEX raised 2110.70 points (17.34%) and Index-wide upper circuit breaker applied
  • 7 August 2009 BSE — USE Form Alliance to Develop Currency & Interest Rate
  • 24 August 2009 BSE IPO Index launched
  • 1 October 2009 Bombay Stock Exchange introduces trade details facility for the Investors
  • 5 October 2009 BSE Introduces New Transaction Fee Structure for Cash Equity Segment
  • 18 December 2009 BSE's new derivatives rates to lower transaction costs for all
  • 4 January 2010 Market time changed to 9.0 a.m. – 3.30 p.m.
  • 20 January 2010 BSE PSU website launched
  • 22 April 2010 New DBM framework @ Rs.10 lakhs – 90% reduction in Membership Deposit
  • 12 May 2010 Dissemination of Corporate Action information via SWIFT platform
  • 23 July 2010 Options on BOLT
  • 21 September 2010 First to introduce Mobile-based Trading
  • 29 September 2010 Introduction of Smart Order Routing (SOR)
  • 4 October 2010 EUREX — SENSEX Futures launch
  • 11 October 2010 Launch of Fastrade on Web (FoW) – Exchange hosted platform
  • 5 November 2010 SENSEX closes above 21,000 for the first time
  • 12 November 2010 Commencement of Volatility Index
  • 22 November 2010 Launch of SLB
  • 10 December 2010 Launch of SIP
  • 27 December 2010 Commencement of Shariah Index

2011 To 2014

  • 17 November 2011 Maharashtra and United Kingdom Environment Ministers launched Concept Note for BSE Carbon Index
  • 30 December 2011, picks up a stake in the proxy advisory firm, Institutional Investor Advisory Services India Limited (IiAS)
  • 7 January 2011 BSE Training Institute Ltd. with IGNOU launched India's first 2-year full-time MBA programme specialising in Financial Market
  • 15 January 2011 Co-location facility at BSE&n[6] as BSE ties up with Standard and Poor's to use the S&P brand for Sensex and other indices.[7]
  • 28 November 2013 Launch of Currency Derivatives (BSE CDX)
  • 28 January 2014 Launch of Interest Rate Futures (BSE –IRF)
  • 11 February 2014 Launch of Institutional Trading Platform on BSE SME
  • 20 March 2014 BSE Launches New Debt Segment
  • 4 April 2014 BSE SME exceeds USD 1 billion market capitalisation
  • 7 April 2014 Launch of Equity Segment on BOLT Plus with Median Response Time of 200 (µs)
  • 27 May 2014 BSE felicitated at The Asian Banker Summit 2014
  • 26 September 2014 BSE inks MoU with BNY Mellon
  • 22 October 2014 BSE inks strategic partnership with YES BANK
  • 28 November 2014 BSE listed cos market cap crosses landmark 100 lakh crore
  • 12 December 2014 Market Cap of BSE SME listed companies crosses landmark 10,000 crore


  • 8 January 2015 BSE commenced live trading from its Disaster Recovery site in Hyderabad [8]
  • Asia Index Private Limited launches S&P BSE AllCap, S&P BSE SENSEX Leverage and Inverse Indices on 16 April 2015
  • BSE introduces overnight investment product on 18 May 2015
  • BSE exceeds 1 billion derivatives contracts on its new Deutsche Börse T7 powered trading platform on 28 May 2015
  • BSE celebrated its 140th Foundation Day on 9 July 2015
  • BSE SME successfully completes listing of 100 SMEs under its SME umbrella on 16 July 2015
  • BSE witnesses its fourth largest fall in history on a single day of 1,625 points dated 24 August 2015
  • BSE becomes the fastest exchange in the world with a median response speed of 6 microseconds on 13 October 2015[9]

Hours of operation

Session Timing
Pre-open Trading Session 09:00 – 09:15
Trading Session 09:15 – 15:30
Position Transfer Session 15:40 – 16:00
Closing Session 15:40 – 16:00
Option Exercise Session 17:07

The hours of operation for the BSE quoted above are stated in terms of the local time (GMT + 5:30). BSE's normal trading sessions occur on all days of the week except weekends and holidays declared by the Exchange in advance.[10]


Graph of S&P BSE SENSEX monthly data from January 1991 to May 2013

The launch of SENSEX in 1986 was later followed up in January 1989 by the introduction of the BSE National Index (Base: 1983–84 = 100). It comprised 100 stocks listed at five major stock exchanges in India – Mumbai, Calcutta, Delhi, Ahmedabad and Madras. The BSE National Index was renamed BSE-100 Index from 14 October 1996 and, since then, its calculations take into consideration only the prices of stocks listed at BSE.

BSE launched the dollar-linked version of BSE-100 index on 22 May 2006, the "BSE-200" and the "DOLLEX-200" on 27 May 1994, the BSE-500 Index and 5 sectoral indices in 1999, and the BSE-PSU Index, DOLLEX-300, and the BSE TECk Index (the country's first free-float based index) in 2001. Over the years, BSE shifted all its indices to the free-float methodology (except BSE-PSU index).

The BSE disseminates information on the Price-Earnings Ratio, the Price to Book Value Ratio, and the Dividend Yield Percentage of all its major indices on day-to-day basis. The values of all BSE indices are updated on a real-time basis during market hours and displayed through the BOLT system, the BSE website, and news wire agencies. All BSE Indices are reviewed periodically by the BSE Index Committee. This Committee, which comprises eminent independent finance professionals, frames the broad policy guidelines for the development and maintenance of all BSE indices. The BSE Index Cell carries out the day-to-day maintenance of all indices and conducts research on development of new indices.[11]

SENSEX is significantly correlated with the stock indices of other emerging markets.[12][13]


The BSE has won several awards and recognitions.

  • Golden Peacock Global Award for Excellence in Corporate Governance for the year 2015[14]
  • Lokmat HR Leadership Award at Mumbai in June-2014 [15]
  • 50 most talented global HR leaders in Asia at the World HRD congress at Mumbai in February-2014 [16]
  • FIICI-Frames Best Animation Film-International Category for the Investor Education television commercial [17]
  • India Innovation Award for Big Data Implementation
  • ICICI Lombard & ET Now Risk Manager Award in BFSI Category [18]
  • SKOCH Order of Merit for E-Boss for qualifying among India’s Best 2013 [19]
  • SKOCH Financial Award 2013 [20]
  • Financial Inclusion Awards – 2011 [21]
  • Indian Merchant Chamber Award in the Large Enterprise Category for use of Information Technology [22]
  • Best Managed Financial Derivatives Exchange in the Asia Pacific by The Asian Banker [23]
  • The Golden Peacock Global CSR Award for its initiatives in Corporate Social Responsibility [24]
  • BSE has won NASSCOM – CNBC-TV18’s IT User Awards, 2010 in Financial Services category [25]
  • BSE has won Skoch Virtual Corporation 2010 Award in the BSE StAR MF category [26]
  • Responsibility Award (CSR), by the World Council of Corporate Governance
  • Annual Reports and Accounts of BSE have been awarded the ICAI awards for excellence in financial reporting for four consecutive years from 2006 onwards [27]
  • Human Resource Management at BSE has won the Asia – Pacific HRM awards for its efforts in employer branding through talent management at work, health management at work and excellence in HR through technology [28]
  • CIO of the Year- Financial Sector: Ashishkumar Chauhan, Dy Chief Executive Officer, Bombay Stock Exchange [29]
  • The World Council of Corporate Governance has awarded the Golden Peacock Global CSR Award in financial sector for BSE's initiatives in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in 2007.[30]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1
  2. "BSE becomes world's fastest stock exchange: Ashishkumar Chauhan - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2015-12-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "BSEIndia". BSEIndia. Retrieved 28 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) commits to promoting sustainability". UNCTAD.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. bsp;— tie up with
    • 22 February 2012 Launch of BSE-GREENEX to promote investments in Green India
    • 13 March 2012 Launch of BSE — SME Exchange Platform
    • 30 March 2012 BSE launched trading in BRICSMART indices derivatives
    • 19 February 2013 – SENSEX becomes S&P SENSEX
  7. Vyas Mohan (19 February 2013). "Sensex to carry S&P tag". Livemint. Retrieved 14 June 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Our Bureau. "BSE trading from Hyderabad DR site". The Hindu Business Line.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "BSE becomes world's fastest stock exchange: Ashishkumar Chauhan - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2016-01-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Market Hours, Bombay Stock Exchange via Wikinvest
  11. "BSEIndia". BSEIndia. Retrieved 26 August 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "BSE SENSEX Index Chart — Yahoo! Finance". Retrieved 28 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Asia Technical Analysis with Phil Smith
  14. (PDF) Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "World HRD Congress".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "CHRO Asia".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "ET-ICICI".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Skoch Renaissance Awards 2013".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. Bhupendra. "Bombay Stock Exchange".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. "Financial Inclusion - Awardees".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. ":: IMC IT Awards - Excellence Awards in IT ::".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. "Winners - NASSCOM".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. Administrator. "Skoch Digital Inclusion Awards 2012".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "Asia Pacific HRM Congress 2015".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. Administrator. "CIO of the Year- Financial Sector: Ashishkumar Chauhan, Dy Chief Executive Officer, Bombay Stock Exchange".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. "Golden Peak Awards for CSR". Golden Peak Awards. Retrieved 12 September 2014. External link in |website= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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