Borders of Russia

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Typical border marker of Russia

Russia has international borders with 16 sovereign states, including two with maritime boundaries (US, Japan), as well as with the occupied Georgian territories of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. With a land border running 20,241 kilometres (12,577 mi) in total, Russia has (after China), the second-longest land border of any country.


Russia shares borders with more countries than any other state in the world. This includes two partially recognized countries, and two with aquatic boundaries (see below; in italics).

Table of countries with a land border with Russia
(listed anti-clockwise around Russia).[1]
Country Length (km)
Norway 196
Finland 1313
Estonia 290
Latvia 292
Lithuania 227
Poland 210
Belarus 959
Ukraine 1576
Georgia 723
Azerbaijan 284
Kazakhstan 6846
China (S) 40
Mongolia 3441
China (SE) 3605
North Korea 17.5
Japan water
US water
If Abkhazia and South Ossetia are counted as sovereign states
Country Length (km)
Abkhazia 255.4
South Ossetia 70
remaining border with Georgia 365

Border details

Below is a list of subjects with both neighboring regions of Russia with them, and in the neighboring regions of foreign countries.

Central Federal District

Belgorod Oblast

Bryansk Oblast

Vladimir Oblast

Voronezh Oblast

Ivanovo Oblast

Kaluga Oblast

Kostroma Oblast

Kursk Oblast

Lipetsk Oblast

Moscow Oblast

Oryol Oblast

Ryazan Oblast

Smolensk Oblast

Tambov Oblast

Tver Oblast

Tula Oblast

Yaroslavl Oblast


Northwestern Federal District

Republic of Karelia

Komi Republic

Arkhangelsk Oblast

Vologda Oblast

Kaliningrad Oblast

Leningrad Oblast

Murmansk Oblast

Novgorod Oblast

Pskov Oblast

Saint Petersburg

Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Volga Federal District

Southern Federal District

North Caucasian Federal District

Ural Federal District

Siberian Federal District

Far Eastern Federal District

Crimean Federal District

The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia.[3][4] Since 1991 Russia also leases Sevastopol Naval Base with current lease extending to 2040s with an option for another extension, but the State Duma approved the denunciation of this lease agreements unanimously by 433 members of parliament on 31 March 2014.[5]

Republic of Crimea


See also


  1. CIA: The World Factbook, Russia
  2. Georgia and the majority of the world does not recognize the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, considering the Russian border with these countries as part of the Russian–Georgian border.
  3. Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Retrieved 26 March 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
  5. State Duma approves denunciation of Russian-Ukrainian agreements on Black Sea Fleet, ITAR-TASS (31 March 2014)

External links