Cagayan Valley

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Region II
Cagayan Valley Region
Lambak ng Cagayan
The Caving Adventure Capital of the Philippines
Tilapia Capital of the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Location in the Philippines
Country Philippines
Island group Luzon
Regional center Tuguegarao
 • Total 31,159 km2 (12,031 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 3,229,163
 • Density 100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ISO 3166 code {{#property:P300}}
Provinces 5
Cities 4
Municipalities 89?
Barangays 2,311
Cong. districts 10
Languages Ilokano, Ibanag, Irraya, Ivatan, Itawis, Gaddang, Yogad, Isinay, Ilongot, Tagalog, English, others

Cagayan Valley (Filipino: Lambak ng Cagayan, Ibanag: Tana' nak Cagayan, Ilokano: Tanap ti Cagayan, Itawis: Tanap yo Cagayan, Malaueg: Ga-dang yo Cagayan) (designated as Region II or Region 02) is an administrative region in the Philippines located in the northeastern portion of Luzon. It is composed of five provinces: Batanes, Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, and Quirino. The region has four cities: industrial center Cauayan, its regional center Tuguegarao, its primary growth center and investment hub Ilagan and its premier city Santiago.

Most of the region lies in a large valley in northeastern Luzon, between the Cordilleras and the Sierra Madre mountain ranges. The eponymous Cagayan River, the country's longest, runs through its center and flows out from its source in the Caraballo Mountains in the south to the Luzon Strait in the north, in the town of Aparri, Cagayan. The Babuyan and Batanes island groups that lie in the Luzon Strait belong to the region.

Cagayan Valley is the second largest region of the Philippines in terms of land area.[2]


Cagayan Valley is the large mass of land in the northeastern region of Luzon, comprising today the provinces of Cagayan, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya, Quirino, and the Batanes group of islands. It is bounded to the west by the Cordillera Mountain Range, to the east by the Sierra Madre Mountain Range, to the south by the Caraballo Mountains, and to the north by the Luzon Strait, where the waters of the Pacific Ocean in the east and the South China Sea in the west, meet.

Cagayan Valley, contains two landlocked provinces, Quirino and Nueva Vizcaya. The two provinces are relatively small in size (3057 km2 for Quirino, 4081 km2 for Nueva Vizcaya) and population (147,000 and 365,000, respectively, by the 2000 census). They are ruggedly mountainous and heavily forested. Nueva Vizcaya is the remnant of the southern province created when Cagayan Province was divided in two in 1839. They are ethnically and linguistically diverse, with a substrate of Agtas, Negritos who are food-gatherers with no fixed abodes, overlaid by Ilongots and others in a number of tribes, some of whom were fierce head-hunters (they have given up the practice), with the latest but largest element of the population being Ilokano.

Nueva Vizcaya comprises 15 towns; Bayombong is the capital. Agriculture in both has until recently consisted of slash-and-burn cultivation of corn and maize, though more stable cultivation of vegetables and fruits is becoming established. They produce logs and are trying to manage their forest resources so that production can be sustained indefinitely. They have deposits of gold, silver, copper, iron. Nueva Vizcaya has sand and clay.


Archaeology indicates that the Cagayan museum has been inhabited for half a million years, though no human remains of any such antiquity have yet appeared. The earliest inhabitants are the Agta, or Atta, food-gatherers who roam the forests without fixed abodes. A large tract of land has lately been returned to them. The bulk of the population are of Malay origin. For centuries before the coming of the Spanish, the inhabitants traded with Indians, Malays, Chinese, and Japanese. In the nineteenth century the prosperity found in tobacco cultivation caused many Ilokano to settle here. Tobacco is still a major factor in the economy of Cagayan, though a special economic zone and free port has been created to strengthen and diversify the provincial economy.

During Spanish times Cagayan Valley had a larger territory than what it has today. It included the territories of the above-mentioned provinces and the eastern parts of the Cordillera provinces of Apayao, Kalinga, Ifugao and Benguet. As the historian and missionary Jose Burgues, said, "The old Cagayan Valley comprises the province of Cagayan, Isabela and Nueva Vizcaya as well as the military Districts of Apayao, Itaves, Quiangan, Cayapa and Bintangan, plus the area of the Sierra Madre to the Pacific Ocean in the said trajectory."[3]

At Balete Pass in Nueva Vizcaya the retreating Japanese under General Tomoyuki Yamashita dug in and held on for three months against the American and Filipino forces who eventually drove them out; the pass is now called Dalton Pass in honor of General Dalton, USA, who was killed in the fighting.


Population census of Cagayan Valley
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 2,340,545 —    
2000 2,813,159 +1.86%
2010 3,229,163 +1.39%
Source: National Statistics Office[1]


The province of Isabela and the city of Santiago are the richest province and city respectively in Cagayan Valley. Isabela was the Top 10 Richest Province in the Philippines in 2011, being the only province of Northern Luzon to be included in the list.[4] The second biggest mall operator in the country, Robinsons Land opened their first mall in the region which is the Robinsons Place Santiago in Santiago. The company is also set to construct their future malls in the valley which will be located in the city of Tuguegarao.Recently, the largest mall operator in the country, SM Prime opened its first SM Supermall in the region, the SM City Cauayan and soon SM City Tuguegarao and SM Hypermarket Tuguegarao.

Cagayan has much to offer visitors: beaches, swimming, snorkeling, skin-diving, fishing in the river and the sea, hiking in primeval forest, mountain-climbing, archaeological sites, the remarkable collection of the provincial museum, the Callao Caves, and many fine churches. Even here there are fortifications built to protect the inhabitants from raids by the Mara.

The Cagayan Economic Zone Authority (CEZA) is in Santa Ana, Cagayan.

Tilapia capital of the Philippines

On January 11, 2008, the Cagayan Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) stated that tilapia (species of cichlid fishes from the tilapiine cichlid tribe) production grew and Cagayan Valley is now the Philippinestilapia capital (Saint Peter’s fish). Production supply grew 37.25% since 2003, with 14,000 metric tons (MT) in 2007. The recent aquaculture congress found that the growth of tilapia production was due to government interventions: provision of fast-growing species, accreditation of private hatcheries to ensure supply of quality fingerlings, establishment of demonstration farms, providing free fingerlings to newly constructed fishponds, and the dissemination of tilapia to Nueva Vizcaya (in Diadi town). Former cycling champion Lupo Alava is a multi-awarded tilapia raiser in Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya. Chairman Thompson Lantion of the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, a retired two-star police general, has fishponds in La Torre, Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya. Nueva Vizcaya Governor Luisa Lloren Cuaresma entered into similar aquaculture endeavors in addition to tilapia production.[5] Isabela province is the richest in harvest among the other provinces in Region 2.

Administrative divisions

Cagayan Valley is composed of five provinces, one independent city, three component cities, 89 municipalities, and 2,311 barangays.[6]


Province Capital Area
(per km²)
District(s) Total

Batanes Basco 209.3 16,604 79.3 lone 0 6 29 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
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Cagayan Tuguegarao 9,002.0 1,124,773 124.9 1st to 3rd 1 28 820 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
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Isabela Ilagan 10,409.6 1,489,645 143.1 1st to 4th 3 34 1,055 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
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Nueva Vizcaya Bayombong 3,903.9 421,355 107.9 lone 0 15 275 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
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Quirino Cabarroguis 3,057.2 176,786 57.8 lone 0 6 132 Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
(View at OpenStreetMap)
Political map of
Cagayan Valley


Seal City Province City Classification Income Class Population
50px Cauayan Isabela Component 3rd Class 122,355 336.40
50px Ilagan Isabela Component 3rd Class 152,496 1,166.26
50px Tuguegarao Cagayan Component 1st Class 138,865 144.80
50px Santiago¹ N/A Independent
1st Class 132,804 275.50

¹ Note: Santiago City is administratively and legally independent from the province of Isabela as stated in Section 25 of the LGC.[8]

Colleges and universities

Institution name Town/city Province
Northeast Luzon Adventist College Alicia Isabela
Philippine Normal University - Isabela Campus Alicia Isabela
Isabela State University - Angadanan Campus Angadanan Isabela
La Salette of Aurora Aurora Isabela
Isabela State University - Cabagan Campus Cabagan Isabela
Saint Ferdinand College - Cabagan Campus Cabagan Isabela
La Salette of Cabatuan Cabatuan Isabela
Isabela State University - Cauayan Campus Cauayan Isabela
University of Perpetual Help System - Isabela Campus Cauayan Isabela
Our Lady of the Pillar College - Cauayan Campus Cauayan Isabela
Isabela Colleges Foundation Cauayan City Isabela
Isabela College of Arts and Technology (Marine School) Cauayan Isabela
System Technology Institute (STI) College Cauayan Isabela
National Police College Regional Training School Cauayan Isabela
Saint Clare College of Region 2 Cauayan Isabela
College of Business Education Science and Technology Cauayan Isabela
East Asia International System College Cauayan Isabela
La Salette of Cordon Cordon Isabela
Isabela State University (Main Campus) Echague Isabela
Chronicles Institute of Isabela Ilagan Isabela
Colegio de Ilagan Ilagan Isabela
International Technological Institute of Arts and Tourism Ilagan Isabela
Isabela State University - Ilagan Campus Ilagan Isabela
STI Ilagan Campus Ilagan Isabela
Saint Ferdinand College - Main Campus Ilagan Isabela
TESDA-ISAT Ilagan Isabela
Isabela State University - Jones Campus Jones Isabela
La Salette of Jones Jones Isabela
Isabela State University - Palanan Extension Campus Palanan Isabela
La Salette of Quezon Quezon Isabela
La Salette of Ramon Ramon Isabela
Isabela Colleges of Science & Technology Roxas Isabela
Isabela State University - Roxas Campus Roxas Isabela
La Salette of Roxas College Roxas Isabela
Our Lady of the Pillar College - San Manuel Campus San Manuel Isabela
Isabela State University - San Mariano Campus San Mariano Isabela
Eveland Christian College San Mateo Isabela
Isabela State University - San Mateo Campus San Mateo Isabela
La Salette of San Mateo San Mateo Isabela
Mallig Plains Colleges Mallig Isabela
Honorato Guzman Baquiran College (HGB) Tumauini Isabela
University of La Salette Santiago N/A
Northeastern College Santiago N/A
AMA Computer College - Santiago Santiago N/A
Isabela State University Annex - Santiago Santiago N/A
Patria Sable Corpus College Santiago N/A
SISTECH College of Santiago Santiago N/A
Southern Isabela Colleges of Arts and Trades (TESDA) Santiago N/A
STI College Santiago Santiago N/A
Infant Jesus Montessori School College Department Santiago N/A
Cagayan Valley Computer and Information Technology College (CVCITC) Santiago N/A
Superior Institute of Science and Technology Santiago N/A
Metropolitan School of Science and Technology Santiago N/A
Santiago City Colleges Santiago N/A
AMA Computer College (Tuguegarao Campus) Tuguegarao Cagayan
Credo Domine College Tuguegarao Cagayan
John Wesley College Tuguegarao Cagayan
Cagayan State University (Andrews Campus and Carig Campus) Tuguegarao Cagayan
Cagayan Technical Institute School of Automotive Tuguegarao Cagayan
Central Colleges of the North Tuguegarao Cagayan
City Technological Institute Tuguegarao Cagayan
Five Star Technical Institute Tuguegarao Cagayan
Florencio L. Vargas College (Main Campus, Bagay Road Campus, and Pengue Campus) Tuguegarao Cagayan
Global Reformed University Tuguegarao Cagayan
Maila Rosario College Tuguegarao Cagayan
Metropolitan Institute of Technology Tuguegarao Cagayan
Medical Colleges of Northern Philippines Tuguegarao Cagayan
International School of Asia and the Pacific Tuguegarao Cagayan
Philippine Law Enforcement College Tuguegarao Cagayan
St. Paul University Philippines Tuguegarao Cagayan
STI College Tuguegarao Tuguegarao Cagayan
University of Cagayan Valley (Main Campus and New Site Campus) Tuguegarao Cagayan
University of Saint Louis Tuguegarao Tuguegarao Cagayan
Florencio L. Vargas College Abulug Cagayan
Cagayan State University - Aparri Campus Aparri Cagayan
Lyceum of Aparri Aparri Cagayan
St. Joseph's College of Baggao Baggao Cagayan
Cagayan State University - Lasam Campus Lasam Cagayan
Quezon Colleges of the North Ballesteros Cagayan
Northern Cagayan Colleges Foundation Ballesteros Cagayan
Cagayan State University - Gonzaga Campus Gonzaga Cagayan
Cagayan State University - Lallo Campus Lallo Cagayan
Cagayan State University - Piat Campus Piat Cagayan
Cagayan State University - Sanchez Mira Campus Sanchez Mira Cagayan
St. Anthony's College Santa Ana Cagayan
Lyceum of Tuao Tuao Cagayan
Saint Mary's University Bayombong Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya State University - Main Campus Bayombong Nueva Vizcaya
PLT College Inc. Bayombong Nueva Vizcaya
Sierra College Bayombong Nueva Vizcaya
Eastern Luzon Colleges Bambang Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya State University - Bambang Campus Bambang Nueva Vizcaya
Aldersgate College Solano Nueva Vizcaya
Quirino State University - Cabarroguis Campus Cabarroguis Quirino
Quirino State University - Main Campus Diffun Quirino
Quirino State University - Maddela Campus Maddela Quirino
Batanes State College Basco Batanes
St. Dominic College of Batanes Basco Batanes


Name Location Date range
Pattaradday/Balamban Festival Santiago May 1–5
Gawagaway-yan Festival Cauayan, Isabela March 30-April 13
Kankanen Festival Cabatuan, Isabela November 5
Mangi Festival Tumauini, Isabela February 23–24
Pansi Festival Cabagan, Isabela January 19–25
Pinilisa Festival Jones, Isabela
Tinupig Festival Lasam, Cagayan
Sinabalu Festival Rizal, Cagayan April 29
Binnadangan Festival Roxas, Isabela July 4
Mammangui Festival Ilagan, Isabela May 30
Binallay Festival Ilagan, Isabela
Bambanti Festival Isabela February
Munggo Festival San Mateo, Isabela
Pato Festival San Mateo, Isabela
Panagsangal Festival Baggao, Cagayan May 1
Aramang Festival Aparri, Cagayan May 1–12
Sambali Festival Piat, Cagayan July 2
Sarakat Festival Santa Praxedes, Cagayan May 14–16
Pagay Festival Alicia, Isabela September 28
Cabibi Festival Lal-lo, Cagayan August 1–4
Ammungan Festival Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya May 19–24

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities" (PDF). 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 9 August 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Cagayan Valley, Department of Tourism - Region 2, retrieved 06-21-2012
  3. Descripcion del Valle de Cagayan, 1897, Jose Burgues
  4. Top 10 Highest earning Philippine province, Nobert Bermosa website, retrieved 06-17-2012.
  5. Abs-Cbn Interactive, Cagayan Valley country’s tilapia capital
  6. "List of Regions". National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 9 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1
  8. "Republic Act No. 7160 LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF 1991". The LawPhil Project. Retrieved 5 November 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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