|Founded||1935 (as Cambrian Air Services)|
|Operating bases||Cardiff Airport, Liverpool Airport|
|Headquarters||Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom|
Cambrian Airways was an airline based in the United Kingdom which ran operations from Cardiff Airport and Liverpool Airport between 1935 and 1974. It was incorporated into British Airways when BOAC, BEA, Cambrian and Northeast merged on 1 April 1974.
Cambrian was set up on 25 April 1935 as Cambrian Air Services. The airline's base was at Pengham Moors airfield located to the east of Cardiff. The first aircraft to be operated was a single de Havilland DH.60 Moth, with the main activity of training pilots, and flights for tourists. With the outbreak of World War II, Cambrian stopped its activities.
Commencing on 1 January 1946 it was the first British airline to restart operations after the war, with a charter flight with an Auster Autocrat with a cargo of wire rope and an aircraft seat between Cardiff airport and Bristol. In 1948 Cambrian was flying in cooperation with BEA and used the de Havilland Dragon Rapide, the Autocrat and the Percival Proctor. During 1949 flights between Birmingham and Jersey were begun. During 1953, Cambrian took over Olley Air Service and Murray Chown Aviation and began services between Southampton to Dinard and Paris. This route was served with de Havilland Dove and later with Douglas DC-3s. In 1956 the name was changed to Cambrian Airways.
By 1961, Cambrian was operating eight ex British European Airways (BEA) Douglas Dakotas (DC-3 aircraft). The first service operated by the Vickers Viscount turboprop commenced on 20 February 1963 on the route from Cardiff via Bristol to Dublin. From 1964 the type was used on charter flights to Rimini, Palma, Nice, Valencia and Barcelona. In 1967 BEA took over Cambrian, although it continued to operate as a separate airline. The following year the last flight with the DC-3 was flown . Cambrian also operated jet aircraft in the form of the British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven, which were used for charter flights in addition to operation on the scheduled network.
In 1972 Cambrian was incorporated into the new British Air Services group and gradually lost more and more of its independence. On 1 April 1974, Cambrian was one of the four component companies merged to form British Airways and the Cambrian colour scheme was gradually replaced by an interim scheme with British Airways as the name and Cambrian in much smaller text then the full BA colour scheme,
Destinations in 1971
According to its November 1, 1971 system timetable, Cambrian was serving the following destinations with scheduled passenger flights:
- Isle of Man
- London - Heathrow Airport
The above referenced timetable also states the Cambrian fleet consisted of four (4) BAC One-Eleven jet aircraft and eight (8) Vickers Viscount turboprop aircraft at this time.
- British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven 400
- de Havilland Dragon Rapide
- de Havilland Dove
- de Havilland Heron
- Douglas DC-3
- Vickers Viscount 701
- Vickers Viscount 806X
Accidents and incidents
- On 20 July 1965, Vickers Viscount G-AMOL crashed on landing at Speke Airport, Liverpool after a flight from Ronaldsway Airport, Isle of Man. Both crew were killed, as well as two persons on the ground.
- On 19 January 1970, Vickers Viscount G-AMOA was damaged beyond economic repair in a heavy landing at Lulsgate Airport, Bristol.
www.cambrianairways.org.uk tribute site.
- March and Wright 1972, p. 100.
- Merton-Jones, 2000, P. 81
- Airlines Remembered by BI Hengi, Publisher Midland Publishing
- http://www.timetableimages.com, Nov. 1, 1971 Cambrian Airways system timetable
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 October 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- March, P.R. and A.J. Wright. "Airline History No. 26: Cambrian". Air Pictorial, March 1972. pp. 100–104.
- Merton-Jones, A.C. British Independent Airlines 1946-1976. 2000. The Aviation Hobby Shop. ISBN 0-907178-82-0