Campbell Archeological Site

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Campbell Archeological Site
23 PM 5
Campbell Site platform mound.jpg
Platform mound
Campbell Archeological Site23 PM 5 is located in Missouri
Campbell Archeological Site23 PM 5
Campbell Archeological Site
23 PM 5
Location within Missouri today
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Country  USA
Region Pemiscot County, Missouri
Nearest town Cooter, Missouri
Culture Late Mississippian culture
First occupied 1350 CE
Period Nodena Phase
Abandoned 1541 CE
Excavation and maintenance
Responsible body Private
Dates excavated 1954 to 1968
Notable archaeologists Leo O. Anderson, Professor Carl Chapman
Architectural styles platform mound, plaza, village
Number of monuments 1
Campbell Archeological Site
Nearest city Cooter, Missouri
NRHP Reference # 74001086
Added to NRHP 1974-07-24[1]

The Campbell Archeological Site (23PM5), is an archaeological site in Southeastern Missouri occupied by the Late Mississippian Period Nodena Phase from 1350 to 1541 CE. The site features a large platform mound and village area, as well as several cemeteries. The site was excavated by amateur archaeologist Leo O. Anderson and Professor Carl Chapman from 1954 to 1968 and subsequently published the first material on the site in 1955.[2] The site has yielded the largest number of Spanish artifacts of any prehistoric site in Southeastern Missouri. Finds at the site included glass chevron beads, a Clarksdale bell, iron knife fragments and part of a brass book binder.[3] It was added to the NRHP on July 24, 1974 as NRIS number 74001086.[1]

Located on the southern corner of the junction of Old and New Franklin Ditches, just east of the city of Cooter,[4]:10 the site has yielded prolific numbers of quartz pebbles and stone tools made of flint.[4]:14 Projectile points from the site are largely of two types: basic triangles and a "willow-leaf" shape that has been found at the Nodena Site and many similar sites to the south.[4]:15 Multiple cemeteries were found at the site; the first to be excavated was a small area just northeast of the main temple mound, at which eighteen skeletons were found.[4]:49 Grave goods were found with some burials,[4]:62 and bundle burial was also practiced.[4]:63

Mississippian culture pottery was the most abundant artifact found at the Campbell Site. The types identified as Bell Plan and Neeley's Ferry Plain made up 58% of the total sherds found on the surface. Bell Plain dominated with 38.9%, and Neeley's Ferry Plain composed 19.4%. The only other pottery types of numerical significance were Old Town Red and Kent Incised, representing a little more than 4% and 1% of the total respectively. Numerically insignificant types included Walls Engraved, Carson Red on Buff, and Hollywood White Filmed; Chapman and Anderson suggested that they were funerary wares only, since Walls Engraved and Carson Red on Buff types were found in the graves.[4]:98

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "National Register of Historic Places". Retrieved 2012-04-08.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Campbell Site, 23PM5". Retrieved 2010-01-01.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Michael John O'Brien and W. Raymond Wood (1998). The prehistory of Missouri. University of Missouri Press. p. 335.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Chapman, Carl H., and Anderson, Leo O. "Campbell Site: A Late Mississippi Town Site and Cemetery in Southeast Missouri". Missouri Archaeologist 17.2-3 Whole Numbers (1955).