Capital punishment in Hong Kong

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Capital punishment in Hong Kong was formally abolished in 1993 (following the repealing of the Corporal Punishment Ordinance).

Before then, capital punishment had been the usual sentence given since the establishment of the Crown Colony of Hong Kong for offences such as murder, kidnapping ending in death, and piracy.[1]

The last execution in Hong Kong was carried out on 16 November 1966 when Wong Kai-Kei, age 26, was hanged at Stanley Prison.[2] Following this, the death penalty was suspended.[3] One of the reason is that the United Kingdom also de facto abolished the capital punishment the following year.

The Governor of Hong Kong would as a matter of course commute the sentences of those convicted under the death penalty to life imprisonment under the Royal Prerogative of mercy.[4] In April 1993, capital punishment was officially abolished in Hong Kong.[5] Since then, life imprisonment has been the most severe punishment in Hong Kong.

Under the principle of independence of legal system in Hong Kong Basic Law, Hong Kong has continued its repudiation of capital punishment after its handover to the People's Republic of China[6] despite the fact that capital punishment is still effectively carried out in China.

See also

References

  1. "Victoria Prison Decommissioning Open Day". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Demise of the Death Penalty", South China Morning Post, 23 March 2004. Official Notebook of Mr R.V Brimmicombie-Wood recording executions in 1966. On display at Hong Kong Correctional Services Museum.
  3. "A Chronology of CSD's Development and Penal Measures of Hong Kong". Hong Kong Correctional Services.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "WORLD FACTBOOK OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS - HONG KONG by Ian Dobinson". Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Victoria Prison Decommissioning Open Day". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Basic Law in Full Text". The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>