In 2000 Ukraine withdrew capital punishment from its list of official punishments. In 1995 Ukraine had entered the Council of Europe and thus (at the time) it was obliged to undertook to abolish the death penalty. The Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) introduced amendments to the then acting Criminal Code in 2000, according to which “death penalty” was withdrawn from the list of official punishments of Ukraine. (According to Amnesty International) in 1997 Ukraine carried out its last execution.
History of abolishment
In 1995 Ukraine entered the Council of Europe and one of the obligations it had to undertake with this act was to abolish the death penalty. Little actions to do so were undertaken by the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) until September 1998 after international pressure by the Council of Europe and the European Union. (At the request of People's Deputies of Ukraine) the Constitutional Court of Ukraine ruled the death penalty unconstitutional in December 1999. The Verkhovna Rada introduced amendments to the then acting Criminal Code in April 2000 that (finally) withdrew capital punishment from the list of official punishments of Ukraine (in peace and wartime).
Ukraine was the last Council of Europe member state that used to be part of the Eastern Bloc to abolish the death penalty.
Reintroduction in Donetsk People's Republic
The Donetsk People's Republic, an unrecognized state, introduced the death penalty in 2014 for cases of treason, espionage, and assassination of political leaders. There had already been accusations of extrajudicial execution occurring.