Chandraprabha

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Chandraprabha
8th Jain Tirthankara
Chandaragiri Vatika.jpg
Details
Alternate name(s) Chanda Prabhu
Predecessor Suparshvanatha
Successor Pushpadanta
Royalty
Dynasty/Clan Ikshvaku
Family
Parents Mahasena (father)
Lakshmana (mother)
Kalyanaka / Important Events
Born 10219 years ago
Chandrapuri
Moksha place Shikharji
Characteristics/Attributes
Complexion White
Symbol Crescent Moon
Height 150 bows (450 meters)
Age 1,000,000 purva (70.56 Quintillion years)
Kevalakāla
Yaksha Vijaya
Yakshini Jwala

In Jainism, Chandraprabha was the eighth Tirthankara of Avasarpini (present half cycle of time as per Jain cosmology).[1] Chandraprabhu was born to King Mahasena and Queen Lakshmana Devi at Chandrapuri to the Ikshvaku dynasty.[1] According to Jain texts, his birth-date was the twelfth day of the Posh Krishna month of the Indian calendar. He is said to have become a siddha, i.e. soul at its purest form or a liberated soul.

Main temples

1. Tijara Jain Temple - The temple was established in 1956 following the recovery of an idol of Chandraprabha.

2. Sonagiri Jain Temple,Gwalior

3. Jainimedu Jain temple,Kerala

4. Naliya Jain Derasar in Naliya,Gujarat

5. Saavira Kambada Basadi in Moodabidri,Karnataka

6. Chandravati, about 30 km from Benares (India) - It is an ancient temple standing on the banks of the river Ganga and is believed to be about 300–400 years old.

7. Sowcarpet, Chennai - This beautiful temple of white marble is located in Mint Street in the Sowcarpet locality of Channai (India). This temple though quite new derives inspiration from the famous Dilwara temples of Mount Abu.

8. The Nagaraja Temple in Kanyakumari district after which the town Nagercoil got its name was a Jain temple. Recently unearthed inscriptions establish that it was indeed a Jain temple until the mid 16th century AD. It was slowly transformed into a Hindu temple.

Nāga (snake god) a famous local deity for all classes of society. The local deities were thus included in their ways of worship as devas. They worshipped Nagaraja alias Darnendra, the Sasana devata and Yakshan is the guarding angel of Parasvanatha, the 23rd Theerthankara

British collector stated that it was a Chandraprabha temple and is famous for ayurvedic treatment. T.A. Gopinatah Rao, an eminent epigraphist and archaeologist, reported that the descendants of Jain monks were living within the premises of the temple until 1900. Besides the inscriptions, one can find bas-reliefs of Mahavira Vardhamana, the 24th Teerthankara, Parasvanatha the 23rd Tirthankara, his yakshi Padmavathy, Ambika yakshi, Aruhans and probably that of Adi Bhagavan and Neminatha as well, according to the local people living in and around Nagaraja temple.

Gallery

See also

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tukol, T. K. (1980). Compendium of Jainism. Dharwad: University of Karnataka.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> p.31

References

  • Tukol, T. K. (1980). Compendium of Jainism. Dharwad: University of Karnataka.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>