Chang'e 5

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Chang'e 5
Mission type Surface sample return
Operator CNSA
Start of mission
Launch date Circa 2017
Rocket Chang Zheng 5
Launch site Wenchang
Orbital parameters
Reference system Selenocentric
Lunar orbiter
Orbital insertion Circa 2017
Lunar lander
Landing date Circa 2017
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Chinese Lunar Exploration Program
← Chang'e 4 Chang'e 6

Chang'e 5 (Chinese: 嫦娥五号; pinyin: Cháng'é wǔhào) is an unmanned Chinese lunar exploration mission currently under development, which is expected to land on the Moon by 2017.[1][2][3] Chang'e 5 will be China's first sample return mission, aiming to return at least 2 kilograms of lunar soil and rock samples back to the Earth. Like its predecessors, the spacecraft is named after the Chinese moon goddess Chang'e.

Mission profile

The probe will be launched by Long March 5 rocket at the Wenchang Satellite Launch Center on Hainan Island. After making a soft landing on the Moon, the lander will dig and collect a lunar sample from up to 2 meters below the surface.

Unlike earlier Soviet missions, the mission will make an automatic rendezvous and docking with the return module in lunar orbit before flying back to the Earth.[1][4][5]

Chang'e 5-T1

Chang'e 5-T1 is an experimental unmanned lunar mission that was launched on 23 October 2014 to conduct atmospheric re-entry tests on the capsule design planned to be used in the Chang'e 5 mission.[6][7][8][9]

Lander payload

The lander will carry landing cameras, optical cameras, a mineral spectrometer, a soil gas analytical instrument, a soil composition analytical instrument, a sampling sectional thermodetector, and a robotic drilling rig.[citation needed]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "China plans to launch Chang'e 5 in 2017". Xinhuanet. Dec 16, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "China's Lunar Probe Tester Ready for Chang'e 5 Mission". Aug 11, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "China Aims for the Moon". Aug 24, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "China's Unmanned Moon Mission To Bring Back Lunar Soil To Earth". AsianScientist. March 21, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Chang'e 5 proposed date to moon". Global Times. Dec 6, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "CLunar mission:craft to conduct re-entry tests before 2015". Xinhuanet. Dec 14, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "China's Lunar Probe Tester Ready for Chang'e 5 Mission". CRIEnglish News. Aug 11, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Chinese Long March Rocket successfully launches Lunar Return Demonstrator". Spaceflight101. Oct 23, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "China launches test return orbiter for lunar mission". Xinhuanet. Oct 24, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>