Christian Tychsen

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Christian Tychsen
Bundesarchiv Bild 101III-Zschaeckel-212-09, Christian Tychsen.jpg
Born 3 December 1910
Flensburg, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Died 28 July 1944(1944-07-28) (aged 33)
Gavray, Normandy, Occupied France
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen SS
Years of service 1931–44
Rank Obersturmbannführer
Unit 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
German Cross in Gold
Iron Cross 1st Class
Iron Cross 2nd Class

Christian Tychsen (3 December 1910 — 28 July 1944) was an Obersturmbannführer in the Waffen-SS. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, awarded by Nazi Germany to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Career

Tychsen joined the SS in December 1931 and eventually served with the 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich during Operation Barbarossa. In April 1943 he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.

On June 9, 1944 Tychsen commanded the German troops who entered the village of Tulle and hanged 99 men in the streets in retaliation for a battle between the local German garrison and French resistance.

He was killed in Normandy by an air attack during operation Cobra, an American strike around St. Lo aimed to free the US Army from the Bocage área.

According to Richard Hargreaves in his book "Germans in Normandy" Tyschsen Said in his last hours: "I AM a veteran panzer commander. If the enemy succeeds in this breakthrough, then war in France for us is over"

Awards

Tychsen (second left) is presented with the Knight's Cross, April 1943.

Notes

  1. According to Scherzer as commander of the II./SS-Panzer-Regiment 2.[4]

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas 1998, p. 394.
  2. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 482.
  3. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 427.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 752.
  5. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 75.

Bibliography

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Gruppenführer Heinz Lammerding
Commander of 2nd SS Division Das Reich
24 July 1944 – 28 July 1944
Succeeded by
SS-Brigadeführer Otto Baum