Chui A-poo

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Chui A-poo[1] (Chinese: 徐亞保;[2] died 1851) was a 19th-century Qing Chinese pirate who commanded a fleet of more than 50 junks in the South China Sea.[3] He was one of the two most notorious South China Sea pirates of the era, along with Shap Ng-tsai.[4]

In September 1849, his fleet, which was based in Bias Bay east of Hong Kong, was destroyed by British warships. More than 400 pirates were killed and Chui was seriously wounded. Although he managed initially to escape, he was betrayed and handed over to the British. A bounty of $500[5] for the gruesome murder of two officers[6] His punishment was lifelong exile to Van Diemen's Land (now Tasmania), but he hanged himself in his cell before it could be carried out.[7]

Notes and references

  1. Also spelt Chui-Apoo.
  2. Piracy & the world of Zhang Baozai : first anniversary exhibition at the Hong Kong Maritime Museum, Hong Kong Maritime Museum , 2006. p.36 ISBN 988-98611-3-5
  3. Grace Estelle Fox (1940) (in German), British Admirals and Chinese Pirates, 1832-1869, London: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co. Ltd., pp. 107 
  4. Martin Booth. Opium: A History. New York: Thomas Dunne, 1996. p. 143. ISBN 978-0-312-20667-3
  5. (in German) The Chinese Repository: From January to December 1849, Adamant Media, 2005, pp. 667, ISBN 1-4021-5159-4 
  6. Christopher Munn (2001) (in German), Anglo-China: Chinese People and British Rule in Hong Kong, London: Routledge, pp. 205, ISBN 0-7007-1298-4 
  7. Solomon Bard (2002) (in German), Voices from the Past: Hong Kong 1842-1918, Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, pp. 28, ISBN 962-209-574-7 

Further reading

  • Beresford Scott (1851) (in German), An account of the destruction of the fleets of the celebrated pirate chieftains Chui-apoo and Shap-ng Tsai, on the coast of China, in September and October 1849, London 
  • [Google Books "Expedition against the Chinese Pirates"] (in German), The Dublin university magazine. A Literary and Political Journal (Dublin) (XXXV): pp. 521-531, January–June 1850, Google Books. Retrieved 18 May 2008