Communist Party of Belgium

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Communist Party of Belgium

French: Parti Communiste de Belgique
Dutch: Kommunistische Partij van België
Historical leaders Joseph Jacquemotte
Julien Lahaut
Louis Van Geyt
Founder Julien Lahaut
Founded September 3, 1921 (1921-09-03)
Dissolved 1989 (1989)
Merger of Communist Party
Belgian Communist Party
Succeeded by Kommunistische Partij
Parti Communiste
Headquarters Brussels, Belgium
Newspaper De Roode Vaan (Flemish)
Le Drapeau Rouge (French)
Youth wing Communist Youth of Belgium
Paramilitary wing Partisans Armés (1940-43)
Membership  (1965) 11,000 (peak)
Ideology Communism
Political position Far-left
European affiliation None
International affiliation Comintern (1919-1943)
Cominform (1947-1956)
European Parliament group Communist and Allies Group (1973-1989)
Colours      Red
Politics of Belgium
Political parties

Communist Party of Belgium (Dutch: Kommunistische Partij van België, French: Parti Communiste de Belgique) was a political party in Belgium. The youth wing of KPB/PCB was known as the Communist Youth of Belgium. The party published a newspaper known as Le Drapeau Rouge in French and De Roode Vaan in Dutch.


It was formed at a congress in Anderlecht on September 3-4 1921. KPB/PCB was formed through the unification of two groups, the Communist Party led by War Van Overstraeten and the Belgian Communist Party led by Joseph Jacquemotte, following a split from the Belgian Workers Party. At the time of its foundation, KPB/PCB had around 500 members.[1] KPB/PCB became the Belgian section of the Communist International.

The party gained parliamentary presence in 1925, as both Van Overstraeten and Jacquemotte were elected MPs.

By 1935 KPB/PCB had 9 deputies in the lower house of parliament and 4 senators. In 1938 it had a membership of about 8,500.

During the Second World War, the party had to go underground during German occupation. The party was also closely affiliated with the Partisans Armés, a resistance group during the occupation, however in 1943 much of the party leadership was arrested by German forces. After the end of the war, the party was strengthened and obtained 25% in the parliamentary elections. The party participated in coalition government with the socialists and the liberals during 1946-1947.

On August 18, 1950 the party chairman, Julien Lahaut, was assassinated.

In the mid 1960s the U.S. State Department estimated the party membership to be approximately 9,890.[2]

KPB/PCB lost its parliamentary presence in 1985.[3]

In 1989 KPB/PCB was divided into two separate parties, Kommunistische Partij in Flanders and Parti Communiste in Wallonia.

Several foreign communist parties, American, British, German, French and Dutch, had branches in Belgium.[4]

Chairmen of KPB/PCB

General Secretaries of KPB/PCB

Notable members

Communist burgomasters (mayors)



  1. 1921-1996: PC
  2. Benjamin, Roger W.; Kautsky, John H.. Communism and Economic Development, in The American Political Science Review, Vol. 62, No. 1. (Mar., 1968), pp. 122.
  3. Official results of the 1978 and 1981 parliamentary elections in the Brussels-Hal-Vilvorde arrondissement; Didier Bajura and Daniel Fedrigo, the two last PCB MP's, during the 1981-1985 legislature, were elected in Wallonia
  4. Khoojinian, Mazyar (February 14, 2009). "Les Communistes turcs en Belgique (1972-1989)" (PDF) (in French). CArCoB – Archives Communistes. p. 21. Retrieved 10 December 2009. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>