Comprehensive National Power

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Comprehensive National Power (CNP) (Chinese: 综合国力; pinyin: zōnghé guólì) is a putative measure, important in the contemporary political thought of the People's Republic of China, of the general power of a nation-state. CNP can be calculated numerically by combining various quantitative indices to create a single number held to measure the power of a nation-state.[citation needed] These indices take into account both military factors (known as hard power) and economic and cultural factors (known as soft power). CNP is notable for being an original Chinese political concept with no roots in either contemporary Western political theory, Marxism-Leninism, or pre-20th-century Chinese thinking.

According to Reports on International Politics and Security published in 2003, 2006, and 2009 in the Yellow Book of International Politics by the Social Sciences Center, a government-sponsored Chinese think-tank, the list of top 10 countries with the highest CNP score were as follows:


− − − − − − − − − − − − −

Rank

2003[1]

2006[2]

2006 score

2009[3]

2009 score

1

 United States

 United States

90.62

 United States

604.732

2

 Japan

 United Kingdom

65.04

 Japan

467.152

3

 China

 Russia

63.03

 Germany

395.272

4

 Germany

 France

62.00

 Canada

377.155

5

 United Kingdom

 Germany

61.93

 France

369.031

6

 France

 China

59.10

 Russia

366.228

7

 Russia

 Japan

57.84

 China

359.670

8

 Norway

 Canada

57.09

 United Kingdom

347.195

9

 Canada

 South Korea

53.20

 India

337.235

10

 Australia

 India

50.43

 Brazil

266.125

Within Chinese political thought, the main goal of the Chinese state is to maximize China's CNP. The inclusion of economic factors and soft power measures within most CNP indices is intended to prevent China from making the mistake of the Soviet Union in overinvesting in the military at the expense of the civilian economy.

A fairly simplistic and effective index was developed by Chin-Lung Chang. It uses critical mass, economic capacity and military capacity. Due to its indicators, it is often repeatable and easy to define, making it comparable to the Human Development Index in understanding and reliability.[4]

A new book titled "Comprehensive National Power- A Model for India", which is a project of United Service Institution of India explains how CNP is calculated and also shows various methods of calculation with various tables, charts, diagrams.[5]

See also

References

  1. "中国の総合国力は世界3位 「30年に日本抜く」". 共同通信. 2008-01-30. Retrieved 2012-06-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "社会科学院「米国は世界最強、中国第6位、日本第7位」". サーチナ. 2006-01-06. Retrieved 2012-06-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "社科院、世界国力順位発表:中国7位、日本2位". チャイナネット. 2009-12-25. Retrieved 2012-06-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. A Measure of National Power
  5. Comprehensive National Power

External links