Constitutional convention (political meeting)

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A constitutional convention is a gathering for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution. A general constitutional convention is called to create the first constitution of a political unit or to entirely replace an existing constitution. An unlimited constitutional convention is called to revise an existing constitution to the extent that it deems to be proper, whereas a limited constitutional convention is restricted to revising only the areas of the current constitution named in the convention's call, the legal mandate establishing the convention.

Makeup of a convention

Members of a constitutional convention are often elected in a manner similar to a regular legislature, and may often involve members of regular legislatures as well as individuals selected to represent minorities of the population. The resulting constitutional draft is often subjected to a popular vote via referendum before it enters into force.

Examples

Examples of constitutional conventions include:

Constitutional conventions have also been used by constituent states of federations — such as the individual states of the United States — to create, replace, or revise their own constitutions. Several US States have held multiple conventions over the years to change their particular state's constitutions.

See also

References

  1. Jost, In K. (2003). "Amending process" (CQ Electronic Library, CQ Encyclopedia of American Government). The Supreme Court A to Z. Washington: CQ Press. Retrieved August 19, 2005.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Dáil debates Vol.728 No.3 p.5 March 22, 2011
  3. Law Matters: A Celebration of Two Constitutions by Missouri Chief Justice Michael A. Wolff - Your Missouri Courts - September 9, 2005
  4. Michigan Constitution of 1835
  5. 19th Century Michigan History
  6. 1963 Constitution of the State of Michigan