Cottage pie

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Cottage pie
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An example of cottage pie, made with minced beef
Origin
Alternative name(s) Shepherd's pie
Place of origin UK, Ireland
Details
Type Meat pie
Main ingredient(s) mashed potatoes
Variations Cumberland pie, Shepherdess pie

Cottage pie or shepherd's pie is a meat pie with a crust of mashed potato.[1][2][3][4][5] The dish is commonly made with beef or lamb.

Etymology

The term cottage pie was in use by 1791,[2][6] when the potato was being introduced as an edible crop affordable for the poor (cf. "cottage" meaning a modest dwelling for rural workers).

History

In early cookery books, the dish was a means of using leftover roasted meat of any kind, and the pie dish was lined with mashed potato as well as having a mashed potato crust on top.[7][8]

The term "shepherd's pie" did not appear until 1877,[2] and since then it has been used synonymously with "cottage pie", regardless of whether the principal ingredient was beef or mutton.[1][4][9][7][8][10][11] Folk etymology has led to the term "shepherd's pie" being used when the meat is lamb,[12][13] as shepherds are concerned with sheep[14] and not cattle.[15][16][17]

Variations

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 1933
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Merriam-Webster Online
  3. "The Chambers Dictionary", Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 1999
  4. 4.0 4.1 Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Eleventh Edition (Revised), Oxford University Press, 2006
  5. "Jewish Cookery by Florence Greenberg", Penguin Books Ltd, 1947–1963
  6. "Home : Oxford English Dictionary". Retrieved 7 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management by Isabella Beeton, 1861.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Cassell's New Universal Cookery Book by Lizzie Heritage published by Cassell and Company, 1894
  9. The Glutton's Glossary: A Dictionary of Food and Drink Terms. Routledge. 1990. Retrieved 20 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. The Constance Spry Cookery Book by Constance Spry and Rosemary Hume, J M Dent & Sons, 1956
  11. Chambers Dictionary, Ninth Edition, published by Chambers Harrap Publishing Ltd, 2003
  12. "Delia Smith: Shepherds Pie with Crusted Leeks". Retrieved 24 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "BBC Food Recipes: Shepherd's Pie". Retrieved 1 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "Shepherds' Pie and Cottage Pie". Retrieved 24 January 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Comments on what kind of lamb for Shepherd's Pie". Retrieved 11 February 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Comments on Low Fat Shepherd's Pie recipe". Retrieved 11 February 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "BBC Food Recipes: Classic cottage pie". Retrieved 1 October 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "BBC - Food - Recipes : Turkey and ham pie". Retrieved 7 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "What is Cumberland Pie?". Retrieved 6 December 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>