Eden District

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Eden District
Shown within Cumbria
Shown within Cumbria
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county Cumbria
Historic county Cumberland (part)
Westmorland (part)
Founded 1 April 1974
Admin. HQ Penrith
 • Type Eden District Council
 • Leadership: Alternative - Sec.31
 • Executive: Conservative / Independent
 • MPs: Rory Stewart
 • Total 827 sq mi (2,142 km2)
Area rank 8th
Population (2011)
 • Total 52,564 (2,011)
 • Rank Ranked 319th
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
ONS code 16UF (ONS)
E07000030 (GSS)
Ethnicity 99.6% White
Website eden.gov.uk

Eden is a local government district in Cumbria, England. Its council is based in Penrith. It is named after the River Eden which flows north through the district toward Carlisle.

It has an area of 2,156 km², making it (since 2009) the eighth largest district in England and the largest non-unitary district. It also has the lowest population density of any district in England and Wales, with a mean of just 25 persons per square kilometre.[1] In 2011, the population was 5% above its 2001 level.[1] The district council was created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, from the Penrith urban district, Alston with Garrigill Rural District and Penrith Rural District, all in Cumberland, and Appleby Municipal Borough, part of Lakes urban district and North Westmorland Rural District, all in Westmorland.

Part of the Lake District National Park is in the district.

The West Coast Main Railway Line runs through the district but with only one station at Penrith. Services on this line are provided by Virgin Trains and First TransPennine Express. The Northern Rail Settle-Carlisle Railway also goes through the district and has stations at Armathwaite, Lazonby, Langwathby, Appleby and Kirkby Stephen.

Roads through the district are the M6 motorway, the A6 and the A66.

It was shown a national detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 that Eden District has the second lowest proportion of land taken up by roads of any district in England: 0.8%, fractionally greater than Craven in North Yorkshire and both adjoining the Pennines. This compared with a maximum of over 20% in four London boroughs and the City of London.[2]

In that detailed survey (to the nearest m²) it was shown that Eden District had the greatest proportion of greenspace (which excludes domestic gardens) of any district, 97.9%, as shown by the following extract:

District % Greenspace (June 2005)[2]
Copeland (borough) 96.0%
Scarborough (borough) 96.1%
Ryedale 96.3%
West Somerset 96.6%
Northumberland 96.7%
West Devon 97.2%
Richmondshire 97.5%
Eden 97.9%


Below is a list of the wards that form Eden:

* = denotes wards represented by 2 councillors; all others have 1 except for Penrith North which has 3

Sports and recreation

In Eden there are King George's Fields, in memorial to King George V, at Appleby and Patterdale.

The council is the owner of the Penrith Leisure Centre which is run by a private company under contract. The council also owns a number of playing fields and recreation grounds throughout the district most notably the sports pitches at Frenchfield near Carleton on the outskirts of Penrith.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Lucy Townsend and Kathryn Westcott (17 July 2012). "Census 2011: Five lesser-spotted things in the data". BBC News Magazine. Retrieved 17 July 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005 2011 census

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