Ernst Kühl

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Dr. jur.
Ernst Kühl
Born 18 March 1888
Breslau, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire now Wrocław, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
Died 2 February 1972(1972-02-02) (aged 83)
Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1928)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Deutsches Heer (1910–1918)
Reichswehr (1918–28)
Luftwaffe (1936–45)
Years of service 1910–28
1936–44
Rank Oberst der Reserves
Unit Kampfgeschwader 55
Commands held Kampfgeschwader 55
3. Flieger-Division
5. Flieger-Division
Battles/wars World War I

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Dr. jur. Ernst Kühl[Note 1] (24 October 1888 – 2 February 1972) was a highly decorated Oberst der Reserves in the Luftwaffe during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Ernst Kühl was captured by British troops in May 1945 in Norway. He was held until September 1947.

Awards and decorations

Wehrmachtbericht references

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
11 April 1944 Fliegende Verbände unter Führung von Oberst Kühl und ein Flakregiment unter Oberstleutnant Bulla zeichneten sich besonders aus.[5] Flying units under the leadership of Oberst Kühl and an anti aircraft regiment under Oberstleutnant Bulla distinguished themselves exceptionally.

Notes

  1. In German a Doctor of Law is abbreviated as Dr. iur. (Doctor iuris) or Dr. jur. (Doctor juris).

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas 1997, p. 422.
  2. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 260.
  3. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 227.
  4. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 65.
  5. Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 78.

Bibliography

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kaiser, Jochen (2010). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kampfflieger—Band 1 (in German and English). Bad Zwischenahn, Germany: Luftfahrtverlag-Start. ISBN 978-3-941437-07-4. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Oberstleutnant Benno Kosch
Commander of Kampfgeschwader 55
27 August 1942 – 7 August 1943
Succeeded by
Oberstleutnant Wilhelm Antrup
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Alexander Holle
Commander of Fliegerführer Nord (Ost)
August 1943 – February 1944
Succeeded by
Oberst Hermann Busch
Preceded by
reformed from V. Fliegerkorps
Commander of 5. Flieger Division (1944–1945)
19 December 1944 – 31 January 1945
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Walter Storp