Federmesser culture

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An arrow head from the Federmesser culture
The Paleolithic

Pliocene (before Homo)

Lower Paleolithic (c. 3.3 Ma – 300 ka)

Oldowan (2.6–1.7 Ma)
Riwat (1.9–0.045 Ma)
Soanian (0.5–0.13 Ma)
Acheulean (1.8–0.1 Ma)
Clactonian (0.3–0.2 Ma)

Middle Paleolithic (300–45 ka)

Mousterian (600–40 ka)
Micoquien (130–70 ka)
Aterian (82 ka)

Upper Paleolithic (40–10 ka)

Baradostian (36 ka)
Châtelperronian (41–39 ka)
Aurignacian (38–29 ka)
Gravettian (29–22 ka)
Solutrean (22–17 ka)
Magdalenian (17–12 ka)
Hamburg (14–11 ka)
Federmesser (14–13 ka)
Ahrensburg (12–11 ka)
Swiderian (11–8 ka)
Mesolithic
Stone Age

The Federmesser culture or Federmesser group is a tool-making tradition of the late Upper Palaeolithic era, of the Northern European Plain from Poland (where the culture is called Tarnowian and Witowian) to northern France and Britain, dating to between 14,000 and 12,800 years ago.[1] It is closely related to the Tjongerian culture, as both have been suggested[2] as being part of the more generalized Azilian culture.

It used small backed flint blades, from which its name derives (Federmesser is German for "feather knife"), and shares characteristics with the Creswellian culture in Britain.

See also

References

  1. Pettit, Paul; White, Mark (2012). The British Palaeolithic: Human Societies at the Edge of the Pleistocene World. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. pp. 479–80. ISBN 978-0-415-67455-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. J.-G. Rozoy, "THE (RE-) POPULATION OF NORTHERN FRANCE BETWEEN 13,000 AND 8000 BP"