Fifty pence (British coin)
|Value||0.50 pound sterling|
|Mass||(1969–1994) 13.5 g
(1997–present) 8.0 g
|Diameter||(1969–1994) 30.0 mm
(1997–present) 27.3 mm
|Years of minting||1969–present|
|File:British fifty pence coin 2015 obverse.png|
|Design||Queen Elizabeth II|
|File:British fifty pence coin 2015 reverse.png|
|Design||Segment of the Royal Shield|
The British decimal fifty pence (50p) coin – often pronounced fifty pee – is a unit of currency equaling one half of a pound sterling. It is a seven-sided coin formed as an equilateral curve heptagon, a curve of constant width, meaning that the diameter is constant across any bisection. Its obverse has featured the profile of Queen Elizabeth II since the coin’s introduction in 1969. Four different portraits of the Queen have been used, with the latest design by Jody Clark being introduced in 2015. The second and current reverse, featuring a segment of the Royal Shield, was introduced in 2008.
Twenty pence and fifty pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of £10; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 20p and 50p coins in order to settle a debt.
As of March 2014 there were an estimated 948 million 50p coins in circulation with an estimated face value of £474.032 million.
The original reverse of the coin, designed by Christopher Ironside, and used from 1969 to 2008, is a seated Britannia alongside a lion, accompanied by either NEW PENCE (1969–1982) or FIFTY PENCE above Britannia, with the numeral 50 underneath the seated figure.
To date, three different obverses have been used. In all cases, the inscription is ELIZABETH II D.G.REG.F.D. 2013, where 2013 is replaced by the year of minting; the Benjamin Britten coin (2013) additionally has the denomination, FIFTY PENCE, on the obverse, before the year (as the commemorative obverse omits the denomination entirely).
In 1997 the 50p coin was reduced in size and the older coins were removed from circulation. The design remained unchanged.
From 1998 to 2015 the portrait by Ian Rank-Broadley has been used, again featuring the tiara, with a signature-mark IRB below the portrait. In 2008 the obverse design was rotated slightly, to match the new reverse design which is displayed with the heptagon point down rather than point up.
As of June 2015, coins bearing the portrait by Jody Clark have been seen in circulation.
In August 2005 the Royal Mint launched a competition to find new reverse designs for all circulating coins apart from the £2 coin. The winner, announced in April 2008, was Matthew Dent, whose designs were gradually introduced into the circulating British coinage from mid-2008. The designs for the 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p and 50p coins depict sections of the Royal Shield that form the whole shield when placed together. The shield in its entirety is featured on the £1 coin. The 50p coin depicts the lowest point of the Royal Shield, with the words FIFTY PENCE below the point of the shield. The coin's obverse remains unchanged. It should be noted that this coin is an example of a shape of constant width. Shapes of constant width are shapes that have constant width but are not circular.
In addition to the standard designs there have been several variant reverse designs used on the 50p coin to commemorate important events. These are summarised in the table below.
|1973||United Kingdom's accession to the European Economic Community||The inscription "50 PENCE" and the date of the year, surrounded by nine hands, symbolising the nine members of the Community, clasping one another in a mutual gesture of trust, assistance and friendship||David Wynne||89,775,000|
|1992–93||United Kingdom's Presidency of the Council of Ministers and the completion of the Single European Market||A representation of a table on which are placed twelve stars, linked by a network of lines to each other and also to twelve chairs around the table, on one of which appear the letters "UK", and with the dates "1992" and "1993" above and the value "50 PENCE" below||Mary Milner Dickens||109,000|
|1994||50th Anniversary of the D-Day Landings||A design representing the Allied invasion force heading for Normandy andfilling the sea and sky, together with the value "50 PENCE"||John Mills||6,705,520|
|1998||United Kingdom's Presidency of the European Union, and the 25th Anniversary of the United Kingdom's accession to the European Economic Community||A celebratory arrangement of stars with the letters "EU" between the Anniversary dates "1973" and "1998", and the value 50 PENCE below||John Mills||5,043,000|
|1998||50th Anniversary of the National Health Service||A pair of hands set against a pattern of radiating lines with the words "FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY" and the value "50 PENCE",accompanied by the initials "NHS" which appear five times on the outer border||David Cornell||5,001,000|
|2000||150th Anniversary of the Public Libraries Act 1850||The turning pages of a book, the Anniversary dates "1850" and "2000", and the value "50 PENCE", all above a classical library building on which appear the words "PUBLIC LIBRARIES" and,within the pediment, representations of compact discs||Mary Milner Dickens||11,263,000|
|2003||100th Anniversary of the formation of the Women's Social and Political Union||The figure of a suffragette chained to railings and holding a banner on which appear the letters WSPU, to the right a ballot paper marked with a cross and the words GIVE WOMEN THE VOTE, to the left the value 50 PENCE, and below and to the far right the Anniversary dates 1903 and 2003||Mary Milner Dickens||3,124,030|
|2004||50th Anniversary of the first four-minute mile by Roger Bannister||The legs of a running athlete with a stylised stopwatch in the background and the value 50 PENCE below||James Butler||9,032,500|
|2005||250th Anniversary of Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language||Entries from the Dictionary for the words FIFTY and PENCE, with the figure 50 above, and the inscription JOHNSON'S DICTIONARY 1755 below||Tom Phillips||17,649,000|
|2006||150th Anniversary of the institution of the Victoria Cross||Depiction of the obverse and reverse of a Victoria Cross with the date 29 JAN 1856 in the centre of the reverse of the Cross, the letters VC to the right and the value FIFTY PENCE below||Claire Aldridge||12,087,000|
|2006||150th Anniversary of the institution of the Victoria Cross||Depiction of a soldier carrying a wounded comrade with an outline of the Victoria Cross surrounded by a sunburst effect in the background||Clive Duncan||10,000,500|
|2007||Centenary of the Foundation of the Scouting Movement||A fleur-de-lis superimposed over a globe and surrounded by the inscription "BE PREPARED", the dates "1907" and "2007", and the denomination "FIFTY PENCE"||Kerry Jones||7,710,750|
|2009||250th anniversary of the foundation of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew||A design showing the pagoda encircled by a vine and accompanied by the dates “1759” and “2009”, with the word “KEW” at the base of the pagoda||Christopher Le Brun||210,000|
|2010||Celebrating 100 Years of Girlguiding UK||A hexagon made of six of the shamrock symbols of Girlguiding||Jonathan Evans and Donna Hainan||96,090|
|2011||Celebrating 50 years of the work of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)||Fifty small symbols showing the range of work of the WWF||Matthew Dent||3,400,000|
|2013||Celebrating the 100th Anniversary of the birth of Christopher Ironside||The design which Ironside made for the 50p coin, showing the Coat of arms of the United Kingdom||Christopher Ironside||7,000,000|
|2013||Celebrating the 100th Anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Britten||The composer's name, written across musical bars, value is on the obverse for the first time||Tom Phillips||5,300,000|
|2014||2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow||A cyclist and a runner, separated by the Flag of Scotland||Alex Loudon and Dan Flashman||6,500,000|
|2015||75th Anniversary of the Battle of Britain||Pilots running to their planes while planes fly above them||Gary Breeze||TBA|
|2016||Battle of Hastings||King Harold hit in the eye with an arrow, a detail from the Bayeux Tapestry.||John Bergdahl||TBA|
|2016||150th Anniversary of the birth of Beatrix Potter||A portrait of Beatrix Potter above along with her name, dates of her birth and death (1866-1943) and Peter Rabbit||Emma Noble||TBA|
|London 2012 Olympic sporting series|
- The seven sides of a UK 50p Coin
- Royal Mint Frequently Asked Questions
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- "Royal Mint unveils new UK coins", 2 April 2008
- "Mathematical Explorations with MATLAB", Google Books, 31 January 2014
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- United Kingdom decimal coins issued into general circulation, Royal Mint
- London 2012 coin designs and specifications, Royal Mint. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
Ten shilling note