Fritz von Scholz

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Fritz von Scholz
File:FritzvonScholz.jpg
SS-Brigadeführer Fritz von Scholz, as commander of 11.SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Division "Nordland", 1944.
Born (1896-12-09)9 December 1896
Pilsen, Kingdom of Bohemia, Austria-Hungary now Plzeň, Plzeň Region, Czech Republic
Died 28 July 1944(1944-07-28) (aged 47)
Narva, Reichskommissariat Ostland, Generalbezirk Estland now Narva, Ida-Viru County, Estonia
Allegiance  Austria-Hungary (to 1918)
Austria (to 1934)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Austro-Hungarian Army
Waffen-SS
Years of service 1914–19, 1934–44
Rank SS-Gruppenführer Collar Rank.svg SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS
Service number NSDAP #1,304,071
SS #135,638
Commands held 11. SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Division "Nordland"
Battles/wars World War I

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords

Fritz von Scholz, Edler von Rerancze,[Note 1] (9 December 1896 – 28 July 1944) known as Fritz von Scholz, was an Austrian Austro-Hungarian Army Oberleutnant and later German Waffen-SS officer who served in both the First and Second World Wars.

Scholz was awarded the Oakleaves to the Knight's Cross on 12 March 1944, as well as the Finnish Order of the Cross of Liberty (2nd class) with Swords. On 20 April 1944, Scholz was promoted to Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS.[1][Note 2]

In late July, after the launch of the Soviet Operation Bagration and the collapse of Army Group Centre, the corps retreated to behind the Narva river. On 27 July, while visiting the front line, Scholz was wounded in an artillery barrage; he died on 28 July 1944. He was posthumously awarded the Swords to the Knight's Cross on 8 August 1944.[3]

Awards

Notes

  1. Regarding personal names: Edler is a rank of nobility, not a first or middle name. The female form is Edle.
  2. Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z, lists him holding the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer.[2]

References

Citations

  1. Berger 2000, p. 321.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Thomas 1998, p. 282.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Fellgiebel 2000, p. 44.
  4. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 421.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Scherzer 2007, p. 681.
  6. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 387.
  7. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 80.

Bibliography

  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Krätschmer, Ernst-Günther (1999). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Waffen-SS. Coburg, Germany: Nation Europa Verlag. ISBN 978-3-920677-43-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Military offices
Preceded by
SS-Brigadeführer Franz Augsberger
Commander of 11. SS-Freiwilligen-Panzergrenadier-Division "Nordland"
1 May 1943–27 July 1944
Succeeded by
SS-Brigadeführer Joachim Ziegler