Günther Tonne

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Günther Tonne
Born 21 May 1916
Frankfurt (Oder)
Died 15 July 1943(1943-07-15) (aged 27)
Reggio
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Kriegsmarine (1935-1937)
Luftwaffe (1937-1943)
Years of service 1935–1943
Rank Major
Unit SKG 210
SKG 10
ZG 1
Commands held II./ Zerstörergeschwader 1
Schnellkampfgeschwader 10
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Günther Tonne (21 May 1916 – 15 July 1943) was a highly decorated Major in the Luftwaffe during World War II, and one of only 882 recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Career

Tonne was born on 21 May 1916 in Frankfurt. He entered service with the Kriegsmarine and transferred to the Luftwaffe in 1937. In September 1939 he joined II./Zerstörergeschwader 1 (ZG 1). In June 1940 II./ZG 1 became III./Zerstörergeschwader 76 (ZG 76) and by July 1940 was an Oberleutnant with 9./ZG 76. He claimed some 7 victories over the English Channel in 1940. In April 1941 Tonne was Staffelkapitän of 6./Schnellkampfgeschwader 210 (SKG 210), and he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross in October 1941. He claimed a Royal Air Force (RAF) Blenheim on 18 April 1941.

In January 1942 he was posted to command 6./ZG 1, before becoming Gruppenkommandeur of II./ZG 1. December 1942 saw promotion to Hauptmann and command of II./SKG 10. Tonne became Geschwaderkommodore, of SKG 10 until 15 July 1943 when he was killed in a in crash at Reggio di Calabria, when his engine quit shortly after take-off. He was posthumously awarded the Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross on 24 October 1944.

Günther Tonne was credited with around 15 victories (approx 5 in the west) in over 300 missions.

Awards and decorations

Notes

  1. According to Scherzer as pilot in the 6./Schnellkampfgeschwader 210.[3]

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas 1998, p. 386.
  2. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 344.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 748.
  4. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 76.

Bibliography

  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 978-0-8041-1696-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Hauptmann Rolf Kaldrack
Commander of II./Zerstörergeschwader 1
4 February 1942 – 1 February 1943
Succeeded by
Hauptmann Gerhard Weyert
Preceded by
Commander of Schnellkampfgeschwader 10
December 1942 – 15 July 1943
Succeeded by
Major Helmut Viedebantt