Garry Trudeau gives a lecture at Stanford in 2014
|Born||Garretson Beekman Trudeau
July 21, 1948
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Jane Pauley (1980–present)|
|Awards||1975 Pulitzer Prize
1977 Nominated for Academy Award for Animated Short Film
1978 Jury Special Prize
1994 Newspaper Comic Strip Award
1995 Reuben Award
Garretson Beekman "Garry" Trudeau (born July 21, 1948) is a left-wing American political cartoonist, best known for the Doonesbury comic strip. Trudeau is also the creator and executive producer of the Amazon Studios political comedy series Alpha House.
Background and education
Trudeau was born in New York City, the son of Jean Douglas (née Moore) and Francis Berger Trudeau, Jr. He is the great-grandson of Dr. Edward Livingston Trudeau, who created Adirondack Cottage Sanitarium for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis at Saranac Lake, New York. Edward was succeeded by his son Francis and grandson Francis Jr. The latter founded the Trudeau Institute at Saranac Lake, with which his son Garry retains a connection.
Among his great-great-great-grandfathers were Bishop Richard Channing Moore (through his father) and the New York politician Francis E. Spinner (through his mother). Trudeau is also a descendant of Étienne Truteau (1641–1712), first French ancestor of the Trudeaus in America. He has in his ascendant lineage James de Berty Trudeau and Gerardus Beekman, one of the earliest colonial governors of the Province of New York.
His ancestry is French Canadian, English, Dutch, German, and Swedish.
Raised in Saranac Lake, Trudeau attended the prestigious and elite St. Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire. He enrolled in Yale University in 1966. As an art major, Trudeau initially focused on painting, but soon discovered a greater interest in the graphic arts. He spent much of his time cartooning and writing for Yale's humor magazine The Yale Record, eventually serving as the magazine's editor-in-chief. At the same time, Trudeau began contributing to the Yale Daily News, which eventually led to the creation of Bull Tales, a comic strip parodying the exploits of Yale quarterback Brian Dowling. This strip was the progenitor of Doonesbury.
As a senior, Trudeau became a member of Scroll and Key. He did postgraduate work at the Yale School of Art, earning a master of fine arts degree in graphic design in 1973. It was there that Trudeau first met photographer David Levinthal, with whom he would later collaborate on Hitler Moves East, an influential "graphic chronicle" of the German invasion of the Soviet Union.
Soon after Bull Tales began running in the Yale student newspaper, the strip caught the attention of the newly formed Universal Press Syndicate. The syndicate's editor, James F. Andrews, recruited Trudeau, changed the strip's name to Doonesbury, and began distributing it following the cartoonist's graduation in 1970. Today Doonesbury is syndicated to 1,000 daily and Sunday newspapers worldwide and is accessible online in association with The Washington Post.
In 1975, Trudeau became the first comic strip artist to win a Pulitzer, traditionally awarded to editorial-page cartoonists. He was also a Pulitzer finalist in 1990, 2004, and 2005. Other awards include the National Cartoonist Society Newspaper Comic Strip Award in 1994, and the Reuben Award in 1995. In 1993, Trudeau was made a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Wiley Miller, fellow comic-strip artist responsible for Non Sequitur, called him "far and away the most influential editorial cartoonist in the last 25 years". A regular graduation speaker, Trudeau has received 35 honorary degrees.
In addition to his creating his strip, Trudeau has worked in both theater and television. He was nominated for an Oscar in 1977 in the category of Animated Short Film for A Doonesbury Special, created for NBC in collaboration with John and Faith Hubley. The film went on to win the Cannes Film Festival Jury Special Prize in 1978. In 1984, with composer Elizabeth Swados, he wrote the book and lyrics for the Broadway musical Doonesbury, for which he was nominated for two Drama Desk Awards. A cast album of the show, recorded for MCA, received a Grammy nomination. Trudeau again collaborated with Swados in 1984, this time on Rap Master Ronnie, a satirical review about the Reagan Administration that opened off-Broadway at the Village Gate. A filmed version, featuring Jon Cryer, the Smothers Brothers, and Carol Kane, was broadcast on Cinemax in 1988.
Also in 1988, Trudeau wrote and co-produced with director Robert Altman HBO's critically acclaimed Tanner '88, a satiric look at that year's presidential election campaign. The show won the gold medal for Best Television Series at the Cannes Television Festival, the British Academy Television Award for Best Foreign Program, and Best Imported Program from the British Broadcasting Press Guild. It earned an Emmy Award, as well as four ACE Award nominations. In 2004, Trudeau reunited with Altman to write and co-produce a sequel mini-series, Tanner on Tanner, for the Sundance Channel.
In 1996, Newsweek and the Washington Post speculated that Trudeau had written the novel Primary Colors, which was later revealed to have been written by Joe Klein. In February 2000, Trudeau, working with Dotcomix, launched Duke2000, a web-based presidential campaign featuring a real-time, 3-D, streaming-animation version of Duke. Nearly 30 campaign videos were created for the site, and Ambassador Duke was interviewed live by satellite on the Today Show, Larry King Live, The Charlie Rose Show, and dozens of local TV and radio news shows.
Trudeau has contributed to such publications as Harper's, Rolling Stone, The New Republic, The New Yorker, New York, and The Washington Post. From 1990-94, he wrote and drew an occasional column for The New York Times op-ed page, and was a contributing essayist for Time magazine from 1996 to 2001.
In 2013, Trudeau created, wrote and co-produced Alpha House, a political sit-com starring John Goodman that revolves around four Republican U.S. Senators who live together in a townhouse on Capitol Hill. Trudeau was inspired to write the show's pilot after reading a 2007 New York Times article about a real D.C. townhouse shared by New York Senator Chuck Schumer, Illinois Senator Dick Durbin of Illinois, and California Representative George Miller, all Democrats. The pilot for Alpha House was produced by Amazon Studios and aired in early 2013. Due to positive response, Amazon picked up the show to develop into a full series, streaming eleven episodes for its first season. On March 31, 2014, Amazon announced that Alpha House had been renewed. Production began in July 2014, and the entire second season became available for streaming on October 24, 2014.
When he started writing Alpha House, Trudeau put the daily Doonesbury into rerun mode. On March 3, 2014 the "Classic Doonesbury" series began, featuring approximately four weeks of daily strips from each year of the strip's run. He continues to produce new strips for Sundays. Although Alpha House has not been in production since the end of 2014, Trudeau has not returned to creating daily Doonesbury strips; new material remains a Sunday-only event.
Trudeau has consistently criticized Donald Trump since the 1980s in Doonesbury strips, drawing him in a somewhat grotesque style that caricaturists have described as almost the opposite of the style used by right-wing cartoonist Ben Garrison. Trump's face is often hidden by unkempt tufts of hair. Trudeau makes Trump appear deeply shallow, self-centered, vain, crude, possibly malevolent, and unintelligent yet deeply scheming. He imagined an over-the-top version of a Trump presidency as far back as 1987.
Beginning with the Gulf War in 1991, Trudeau has written about military issues extensively, separate from his criticism of US policies. In recognition for his work on wounded warriors, he has been presented with the Commander's Award for Public Service by the Department of the Army, the Commander's Award from Disabled American Veterans, the President's Award for Excellence in the Arts from Vietnam Veterans of America, the Distinguished Public Service Award from the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the Mental Health Research Advocacy Award from the Yale School of Medicine, and a special citation from the Vet Centers.
He received several unit commendations from the field during the Gulf War, and traveled with the USO to visit troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. From 2005 to 2014, his website hosted The Sandbox, a milblog posting over 800 essays by deployed soldiers, returned vets, caregivers, and spouses.
For most of the strip's run, Trudeau has eschewed merchandising, but starting in 1998 he teamed up with Starbucks to create Doonesbury products to raise funds for local literacy programs. The items were offered for sale in Starbucks stores for nearly two years and raised over $1 million. Also for charity, Trudeau licensed the strip to Ben & Jerry's, which created a best-selling sorbet flavor called Doonesberry.
Private life and public appearances
Trudeau married Jane Pauley in 1980; they have three children. He maintains a low personal profile. A rare early appearance on television was as a guest on To Tell the Truth in 1971, where only one of the three panelists guessed his identity. In 1990, Trudeau appeared on the cover of Newsweek for Inside Doonesbury's Brain, a story written by Jonathan Alter. This was the first interview Trudeau had given in seventeen years.
Trudeau cooperated extensively with Wired magazine for a 2000 profile, "The Revolution Will be Satirized". He later spoke with the writer of that article, Edward Cone, for a 2004 newspaper column in the Greensboro, North Carolina News & Record, about the war wounds suffered by the Doonesbury character "B.D.", and in 2006 did a Q&A at Cone's personal blog about The Sandbox. Trudeau granted an interview to Rolling Stone in 2004 in which he discussed his time at Yale University, which he attended two years behind George W. Bush. He granted another Rolling Stone interview in 2010. In 2006, The Washington Post printed an extensive profile of Trudeau by writer Gene Weingarten. He appeared on the Charlie Rose television program, and at signings for The Long Road Home: One Step at a Time, his Doonesbury book about B.D.'s struggle with injuries received during the second Gulf War.
On August 1, 2016, Trudeau appeared on MSNBC on The Rachel Maddow Show. He was brought on to discuss his ability to predict and accurately write about Donald Trump's plans to run for president almost three decades earlier. Maddow presented cartoon strips from as far back as 1987. Trudeau was on her show to promote his new book Yuge, which covers 30 years of Trump appearing in Doonesbury. On November 7, 2016, Trudeau appeared on Fresh Air with Terry Gross to discuss Yuge.
Criticisms and controversies
Trudeau has attracted criticism both for the comic strip and for his own opinions. The Saturday Review once voted Trudeau one of the "Most Overrated People in American Arts and Letters", stating that after his hiatus, his comic strip was "predictable, mean-spirited, and not as funny as before."
In The Daily Caller, Jim Treacher wrote that Trudeau is a "dinosaur ... incapable of writing a character who doesn't sound like Trudeau". Eric Alterman, writing in The Nation, called Doonesbury, "one of the great intellectual/artistic accomplishments of the past half-century, irrespective of category".
Trudeau's acceptance speech on the occasion of receiving a Polk Award in 2015 for lifetime achievement stirred controversy. In the speech, Trudeau criticized the cartoonists of Charlie Hebdo -- after a number of Charlie Hebdo writers, editors and cartoonists had been murdered execution style in their own Paris offices by Muslim terrorists -- for "punching downward..., attacking a powerless, disenfranchised minority with crude, vulgar drawings closer to graffiti than cartoons", and thereby wandering "into the realm of hate speech" with cartoons of Muhammad.
Writing in The Atlantic, in which Trudeau had published his speech, political commentator David Frum criticized what he called Trudeau's "moral theory" that calls for identifying "the bearer of privilege", then holding "the privilege-bearer responsible".
Trudeau was labelled a "terror apologist" by the editors of The New York Post for his comments and particularly the venue in which he expressed them, i.e. while accepting Long Island University's George Polk award for lifetime achievement in journalism.
Trudeau went on to promise that he would never draw Muhammad, saying that cartoonists like himself didn't "have the right to decide what is sacred and holy and profane for someone else", though he often mocked Christian fundamentalists. He again blamed the Charlie Hebdo cartoonists for causing the Muslim terrorist attack against them, stating "I didn't agree with the decisions they made that brought a world of pain to France."
- Hitler Moves East: A Graphic Chronicle, 1941–43 (with David Levinthal), Sheed, Andrews and McMeel, 1977. Library of Congress 76-52888. The cover shows two Wehrmacht motorcyclists. The book relates the story of Nazi Germany's Army Group Centre on the Eastern Front through archival photos and new photography of model soldiers (ISBN 0-8362-0708-4)
- Finding Your Religion: When the Faith You Grew Up With Has Lost Its Meaning by Rev Scotty McLennan, HarperSanFrancisco, 1999. Trudeau drew the cover cartoon and wrote the introduction: "If you were twenty-three, and it was 1971, you couldn't make up someone like this, so as an aspiring artist, I didn't try. I simply appropriated him, ordaining him on the spot (so as to fulfill one of his personal goals before he could). And in filling out the character of Scot Sloan, I also borrowed from Scotty's mentor, the Reverend William Sloane Coffin, a campus hero and antiwar activist of near-mythic reputation. But the caricatured likeness was of Scotty himself, and in my mind, it was him I dragooned into service as the 'fighting young priest'..."
- Doonesbury.com's The Sandbox: Dispatches from Troops in Iraq and Afghanistan, introduction by G.B. Trudeau; edited by David Stanford, Duty Officer, Doonesbury Town Hall, Andrews McMeel Publishing (2007), ISBN 0-7407-6945-6; ISBN 978-0740769450. More than 100 blog posts by soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan, returned vets, caregivers, and family members.
- Doonesbury.com's The War in Quotes, introduction by G.B. Trudeau; edited by David Stanford, Duty Officer, Doonesbury Town Hall, Andrews McMeel Publishing (2008)
- "The Trudeau Institute Homepage". TrudeauInstitute.org. Retrieved 2016-11-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Garry Trudeau ancestry". Ancestry.com: Family Tree Maker's Genealogy Site: My Genealogy Home Page. Retrieved 2014-12-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Trudeau, Garry (November 1968). Cover Illustration. The Yale Record. New Haven, CT.
- on YouTube, Charlie Rose October 11, 2004, uploaded on August 27, 2007 on YouTube
- Trudeau, Garry (February, 1969). Bull Tales. New Haven: Yale News.
- Trudeau, Garry (February, 1970). Michael J. New Haven: Yale Record.
- "Untitled". The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 14 December 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Goodman, Tim (November 14, 2013). "Alpha House: TV Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 24, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Camia, Catalina (20 November 2013). "Durbin: No sex or drugs in real 'Alpha House'". USA Today. Retrieved August 4, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Amazon kills 'Zombieland' TV project, backs 'Alpha House'", Reuters, May 17, 2013.
- "Alpha House Season 2 Production Kicks Off This Summer". Webpronews.com. 2014-03-31. Retrieved 2016-11-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Michael Cavna ; The Washington Post ; https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/comic-riffs/wp/2016/08/29/yugedoonesbury-cartoonist-garry-trudeau-if-trump-wins-ill-miss-civilization-as-we-know-it/?utm_term=.c53b87ebbe13
- Felsenthal, Carol (November 21, 2013). "Jonathan Alter on the Making of Alpha House". Chicago Magazine. Retrieved August 4, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Doonesbury's War, The Washington Post, October 22, 2006
- on YouTube, Pentagon Channel, uploaded September 27, 2006.
- "30 Years of "Doonesbury" on Donald Trump: Cartoonist Garry Trudeau on the GOP's "Natural Born Toon"". August 5, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Author Interviews. "Fresh Air". Npr.org. Retrieved 2016-11-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Author Interviews. "Fresh Air". Npr.org. Retrieved 2016-11-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Most Overrated People in American Arts and Letters", Books.google.com; accessed November 22, 2015.
- "Garry Trudeau still believes 'Jackie', Sabrina Erdely and Rolling Stone", Dailycaller.com, December 29, 2014.
- Alterman, Eric (November 2, 2010). "The Altercation Gift-Giving Guide, Part I". The Nation. Retrieved April 14, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Hemingway, Mark (April 10, 2015). "Garry Trudeau Calls Charlie Hebdo 'Hate Speech'". Weekly Standard. Retrieved April 14, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Nolte, John (April 12, 2015). "Victim-Blaming: Garry Trudeau Blasts Charlie Hebdo's 'Hate Speech'". Breitbart. Retrieved April 14, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Trudeau, Gary (April 11, 2015). "The Abuse of Satire". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 14, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Frum, David (April 13, 2015). "Why Garry Trudeau Is Wrong About Charlie Hebdo: The cartoonist urged satirists to "punch up" against authority, but the world does not divide so neatly between the privileged and their victims". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 14, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Editorial Board (April 13, 2015). "Garry Trudeau, terror apologist". New York Post. Retrieved April 14, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Robert Spencer; April 27 2015 ; http://www.frontpagemag.com/fpm/255978/doonesbury-sharia-robert-spencer
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Garry Trudeau|
- Garry Trudeau at the Internet Movie Database
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Garry Trudeau collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Works by or about Garry Trudeau in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Rolling Stone interview
- Wired profile, August 2000
- Army Times article, 2006
- Mother Jones interview, 2007
- Guardian article, July 22, 2008
- Doonesbury Turns 40, Rolling Stone, October 27, 2010