Giacomo Puccini (senior)

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Giacomo Puccini ("senior") (1712-1781) was an 18th-century Italian composer who lived and worked primarily in Lucca, Tuscany. He was the first of five generations of composers, the most famous of whom was his great-great-grandson, the opera composer Giacomo Puccini.[1][2]

Career

Puccini studied in Bologna under Giuseppe Carretti, who was maestro di cappella at Bologna's San Petronio Basilica.[3][4] In Bologna Puccini became friends with Padre Martini.[4] After returning to Lucca in 1739, he served as organist in the cathedral and later Maestro di Cappella to the Most Serene Republic.[3] Puccini belonged to the Accademia Filarmonica of Bologna and was a skilled teacher.[2]

His musical style incorporated elements of both the Baroque and early Classic periods.[5] Puccini was known as an excellent organist.[3] He wrote many dramatic and sacred works, including a Te Deum for four voices and instruments, a Domine for four voices, masses, and psalm settings.[3][4] Between 1733 and 1780, Puccini wrote 31 servizi ecclesiastici for the annual Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross (Festa della Esaltazione della Santa Croce).[3][4] Some of Puccini's works, including a processional motet in eight voices, continued to be performed into at least the early 19th Century.[3] A Requiem for eight voices by Puccini was performed at the Vienna Musical Exposition of 1892, together with music by his son Antonio, grandson Domenico, and great-grandson Michele.[6]

Compositions

  • Messa a 3 (1760). Consists of Kyrie, Gloria, and Credo. Scored for 2 violins in unison, cello, bass, continuo, and three-part chorus (SSA or SAA). Original title: 1760/ Messa Piena a 3 voci, cioè Canto, e due Alti/ Con violini a beneplacito Unis: [soni]/ Per il Concerto di S. Giovannetto/ di Giacomo Puccini.[1]
  • Messa di requiem (1760). Requiem mass for 8 voices, strings, and continuo.[5]

The Puccini musical dynasty

Five generations of the Puccini family were composers in Lucca.[1][2][7]

  • Giacomo Puccini ("senior"): 26 January 1712 - 16 May 1781.
  • Antonio Benedetto Maria Puccini: 30 July 1747 - 10 February 1832.
  • Domenico Vincenzo Maria Puccini: 5 April 1772 - 25 May 1815.
  • Michele Puccini: 27 November 1813 - 23 Jan 1864.
  • Giacomo Puccini: 22 December 1858 - 29 November 1924.

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Banner 2010
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 S. Puccini 1994
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Gervasoni 1812
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Musica e musicisti 1903
  5. 5.0 5.1 requiemsurvey.org
  6. Streatfield 1895
  7. Fairtile 1998, p. 74.

References

  • Musica e musicisti, Giulio Ricordi, vol. 58 (No. 2), February 1903 Missing or empty |title= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Banner, Martin (2010), "Editor's Note", in Puccini, Giacomo, Messa a 3, Hinshaw Music Inc., p. 2<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fairtile, Linda (1998), Giacomo Puccini: A Guide to Research, Psychology Press, pp. 74–76<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gervasoni, Carlo (1812), Nuova teoria di musica ricavata dall'odierna pratica, Milano: Blanchon, pp. 240–241<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Puccini, Simonetta (1994), "The Puccini Family", in Weaver, William; Puccini, Simonetta, The Puccini Companion, New York: Norton and Company, pp. 3–38<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Streatfield, Richard Alexander (1895), Masters of Italian music, C. Scribner's Sons, p. 269<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Recordings

External links