Global Terrorism Index

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The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) is an attempt to systematically rank the nations of the world according to terrorist activity. The index combines a number of factors associated with terrorist attacks to build an explicit picture of the impact of terrorism over a 10-year period, illustrating trends, and providing a data series for analysis by researchers and policymakers. It is the product of Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) and is based on data from the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) which is collected and collated by the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) at the University of Maryland. The GTD has codified over 125,000 cases of terrorism.[1]

The 2014 Global Terrorism Index is the second edition of the index following a 2012 edition.[2] An interactive map highlights changes to the level of terrorism and the Global Terrorism Index.[3]

Global Terrorism Index Report 2015

Rank[4][5] Country Score Change in score
(Actual year 2013 to 2014)
1  Iraq 10 Increase 0.406
2  Afghanistan 9.233 Increase 0.238
3  Nigeria 9.213 Increase 1.018
4  India 7.747 Increase 1.98
5  Syria 8.108 Increase 0.358
6  Pakistan 9.065 Decrease -0.12
7  Yemen 7.642 Increase 0.486
8  Somalia 7.6 Increase 0.48
9  Libya 7.29 Increase 0.966
10  Thailand 7.279 Increase 0.096
11  Philippines 7.27 Increase 0.073
12  Ukraine 7.2 Increase 4.059
13  Egypt 6.813 Increase 0.475
14  Central African Republic 6.721 Increase 1.638
15  South Sudan 6.712 Increase 1.392
16  Sudan 6.686 Increase 0.988
17  Colombia 6.662 Increase 0.218
18  Kenya 6.66 Increase 0.362
19  Republic of the Congo 6.487 Increase 0.733
20  Cameroon 6.466 Increase 4.945
21  Lebanon 6.376 Increase 0.17
22  China 6.294 Increase 1.212
23  Russia 6.207 Decrease -0.432
24  Israel 6.034 Increase 1.118
25  Bangladesh 5.921 Increase 0.448
26  Mali 5.871 Increase 0.683
27  Turkey 5.737 Decrease -0.144
28  United Kingdom 5.613 Increase 0.162
29  Greece 4.976 Decrease -0.259
30  Uganda 4.894 Increase 2.133
31  Bahrain 4.871 Increase 0.198
32    Nepal 4.791 Decrease -0.643
33  Indonesia 4.755 Decrease -0.021
34  Algeria 4.75 Decrease -0.635
35  United States 4.613 Decrease -0.055
36  France 4.553 Decrease -0.331
37  Mozambique 4.386 Increase 0.278
38  South Africa 4.231 Increase 0.707
39  Iran 4.222 Decrease -0.439
40  Paraguay 4.094 Increase 0.391
41  Myanmar 4.08 Decrease -0.275
42  Sri Lanka 4.077 Increase 0.004
43  Saudi Arabia 4.006 Increase 1.234
44  Mexico 3.985 Decrease -0.524
45  Tanzania 3.979 Increase 0.356
46  Chile 3.969 Increase 0.797
47  Tunisia 3.697 Increase 0.145
48  Ireland 3.663 Increase 0.487
49  Malaysia 3.579 Increase 0.056
50  Ethiopia 3.544 Decrease -0.085
51  Niger 3.485 Increase 0.767
52  Senegal 3.467 Decrease -0.067
53  Germany 3.442 Increase 1.676
54  Italy 3.364 Increase 0.483
55  Burundi 3.342 Decrease -0.506
56  Rwanda 3.334 Decrease -0.476
57  Peru 3.316 Increase 0.051
58  Ivory Coast 3.141 Decrease -0.657
59  Australia 3.114 Increase 2.894
60  Sweden 3.083 Increase 1.37
61  Cyprus 3.08 Decrease -0.106
62  Kosovo 3.018 Decrease -0.188
63  Nicaragua 2.928 Increase 2.928
64  Norway 2.738 Decrease -0.674
65  Spain 2.622 Decrease -0.112
66  Dominican Republic 2.581 Increase 1.394
67  Djibouti 2.567 Increase 2.567
68  Czech Republic 2.484 Increase 1.62
69  Madagascar 2.444 Increase 0.635
70  Bulgaria 2.421 Decrease -0.333
71  Georgia 2.373 Decrease -0.576
72  Canada 2.297 Increase 0.368
73  Macedonia 2.252 Increase 0.875
74  Brazil 2.207 Increase 0.585
75  Chad 2.142 Increase 1.937
76  Venezuela 2.139 Increase 1.514
77  Belarus 2.125 Decrease -0.653
78  Albania 2.116 Increase 1.896
79  Austria 2.088 Increase 0.406
80  Honduras 2.077 Decrease -0.261
81  Guatemala 2.009 Decrease -0.632
82  Belgium 1.977 Increase 0.944
83  Kazakhstan 1.881 Decrease -0.666
84  Tajikistan 1.869 Decrease -0.244
85  Jordan 1.751 Decrease -0.207
86  Kyrgyzstan 1.722 Increase 1.474
87  Zimbabwe 1.71 Increase 0.141
88  Argentina 1.674 Decrease -0.682
89  Eritrea 1.636 Decrease -0.709
90  Trinidad and Tobago 1.583 Decrease -0.646
91  Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.516 Increase 0.038
92  Morocco 1.446 Decrease -0.648
93  Azerbaijan 1.381 Increase 1.247
93  Ghana 1.381 Increase 1.381
95   Switzerland 1.349 Decrease -0.677
96  Iceland 1.219 Increase 1.143
96  Liberia 1.219 Increase 1.143
98  Guinea 1.187 Decrease -0.665
98  Hungary 1.187 Increase 1.044
98  New Zealand 1.187 Increase 1.187
101  United Arab Emirates 1.045 Increase 0.768
102  Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.823 Decrease -0.683
103  Montenegro 0.659 Decrease -0.657
104  Ecuador 0.577 Decrease -0.699
105  Netherlands 0.429 Decrease -0.596
106  Serbia 0.41 Decrease -0.744
107  Bhutan 0.305 Steady 0
107  Burkina Faso 0.305 Decrease -0.354
107  Mauritania 0.305 Decrease -0.841
110  Portugal 0.267 Decrease -0.282
111  Angola 0.243 Decrease -0.443
112  Jamaica 0.229 Increase 0.229
113  Cambodia 0.153 Decrease -0.152
113  Guinea-Bissau 0.153 Decrease -0.267
113  Taiwan 0.153 Decrease -0.152
116  Armenia 0.115 Decrease -0.229
116  Croatia 0.115 Decrease -0.114
118  Denmark 0.091 Decrease -0.09
119  Bolivia 0.076 Decrease -0.349
119  Estonia 0.076 Decrease -0.077
121  Laos 0.038 Decrease -0.038
121  Moldova 0.038 Decrease -0.31
123  Kuwait 0.019 Decrease -0.019
124  Benin 0 Steady 0
124  Botswana 0 Steady 0
124  Costa Rica 0 Steady 0
124  Cuba 0 Steady 0
124  El Salvador 0 Steady 0
124  Equatorial Guinea 0 Decrease -0.129
124  Finland 0 Steady 0
124  Gabon 0 Steady 0
124  Gambia 0 Steady 0
124  Guyana 0 Steady 0
124  Haiti 0 Steady 0
124  Japan 0 Decrease -0.086
124  Latvia 0 Steady 0
124  Lesotho 0 Decrease -0.086
124  Lithuania 0 Steady 0
124  Malawi 0 Steady 0
124  Mauritius 0 Steady 0
124  Mongolia 0 Steady 0
124  Namibia 0 Steady 0
124  North Korea 0 Steady 0
124  Oman 0 Steady 0
124  Panama 0 Decrease -0.038
124  Papua New Guinea 0 Steady 0
124  Poland 0 Steady 0
124  Qatar 0 Steady 0
124  Romania 0 Steady 0
124  Sierra Leone 0 Steady 0
124  Singapore 0 Steady 0
124  Slovakia 0 Steady 0
124  Slovenia 0 Steady 0
124  South Korea 0 Steady 0
124  Swaziland 0 Steady 0
124  Timor-Leste 0 Steady 0
124  Togo 0 Steady 0
124  Turkmenistan 0 Steady 0
124  Uruguay 0 Steady 0
124  Uzbekistan 0 Decrease -0.286
124  Vietnam 0 Steady 0
124  Zambia 0 Steady 0

Methodology

GTI Scoring System

The GTI score for a country in a given year is based on a unique scoring system to account for the relative impact of incidents in the year. There are four factors counted in each country's yearly score:

  • Total number of terrorist incidents in a given year
  • Total number of fatalities caused by terrorism in a given year
  • Total number of injuries caused by terrorism in a given year
  • The approximate level of total property damage from terrorist incidents in a given year

Each of the factors is weighted differently and a five-year weighted average is applied to importantly reflect the lingering psychological effect of terrorist acts over time. The weightings shown in the table below were determined by consultation with the GPI Expert Panel:

Dimension Weight
Total number of incidents 1
Total number of fatalities 3
Total number of injuries 0.5
Sum of property damages measure 2

The greatest weighting is attributed to a fatality. The property damage measure is further disaggregated into four bands depending on the measured scope of the property damage inflicted by one incident. These bandings are shown in the table below, whereby incidents causing less than US$1 million are accorded a weight of 1, between $1 million and $1 billion, and more than $1 billion. A great majority of incidents are coded in the GTD as an 'unknown' level of property damage, thus scoring nil, with 'catastrophic' events being extremely rare.

Code Damage level
0 Unknown
1 Minor (likely < $1 million)
2 Major (likely between $1 million and $1 billion)
3 Catastrophic (likely > $1 billion)

Example of a country's GTI Score

To assign a relative number to how a country has been directly impacted by terrorism in any given year, for every incident recorded, the GTI calculates a weighted sum of all indicators. To illustrate, the table below depicts a hypothetical country's score for a given year:

Dimension Weight # of records for the given year Score
Total number of incidents 1 21 21
Total number of fatalities 3 36 108
Total number of injuries 0.5 53 26.5
Sum of property damages measure 2 20 40
Total Raw Score 195.5

Given these indicator values, the country for that year would be assessed as having a raw impact of terrorism score of:

(1 x 21) + (3 x 36) + (0.5 x 53) + (2 x 20) = 195.5.

See also

References

  1. "About the GTI". p. Vision of Humanity. Retrieved 11 February 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "GTI 2014". p. Vision of Humanity. Retrieved 18 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "GTI 2014". p. Vision of Humanity. Retrieved 18 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Global Terrorism Index Report 2015" (PDF). Institute for Economics & Peace. pg. 90-92. Retrieved 21 May 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Global Terrorism Index Report". Vision of Humanity. Institute for Economics & Peace.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links