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Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. HI-SEAS (Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation) is an analog habitat for human spaceflight to Mars.[1][2][3] HI-SEAS is located in an isolated position on the slopes of the Mauna Loa volcano on the island of Hawaii. The area has Mars-like features and an elevation of approximately 8,200 feet above sea level. HI-SEAS is funded by the NASA Human Research Program for four research missions. The missions are of extended duration from four months to a year.

The purpose of the detailed research studies is to determine what is required to keep a space flight crew happy and healthy during an extended mission to Mars and while living on Mars.[4] Research into food, crew dynamics, behaviors, roles and performance, and other aspects of space flight and a mission on Mars itself is the primary focus. The HI-SEAS researchers also carry out studies on a variety of other topics as part of their daily activities.



The first HI-SEAS mission lasted for four months from mid-April to 13 August 2013 with culinary and psychological aspects.[1][5] Many related aspects were also explored, including temperatures in artificial habitats.[6] It was orchestrated primarily by NASA, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, and Cornell University.[7] The first study was in 2013 and NASA has sponsored follow-up studies.[8] The habitat is located at approximately 8,000 feet above sea level on the slopes of the Mauna Loa volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. Funding continues to be from NASA. The 2013 study included 8 people and ran for 120 days (4 months). It is a simulation of a Mars analog habitat and the participants had to wear simulated spacesuits when they went outside. Members of the HI-SEAS crew went outside the habitat once a week in spacesuits to explore the terrain and to perform geological and microbe-detection studies. The focus of the study was on a diet which consisted of traditional space food (such as freeze-dried items) as well as various recipes made from a special list of ingredients. Six scientists completed the study. Mission commander Angelo Vermeulen with his colleagues recommended more spices and higher fiber foods as well as comfort foods.


HI-SEAS II with a crew of six people began 28 March 2014[9] and lasted 120 days, until 25 July 2014.[10] The crew members were Casey Stedman (commander, USA), Tiffany Swarmer (USA), Ron Williams (USA), Anne Caraccio (USA), Ross Lockwood (Canada) et Lucie Poulet (France).


HI-SEAS III began on 15 October 2014, and included six crew members and two reserve crew members: Martha Lenio (Commander), Allen Mirkadyrov, Sophie Milam, Neil Sheibelhut, Jocelyn Dunn, and Zak Wilson.[11] Backup crew included: Ed Fix and Micheal Castro. The mission ended on 13 June 2015.


HI-SEAS IV began on 28 August 2015 and is scheduled to last for a year.


HI-SEAS IV includes six crew members and two backup crew members:

Carmel Johnston is a soil scientist from Whitefish, Montana. She joined HI-SEAS to research food production in Mars simulation after previously studying the effects of permafrost thaw on trace gas emissions from Alaska peatlands. She holds a Bachelor of Science in Soil and Water Science and a Master of Science in Land Resources and Environmental Sciences from Montana State University.

Christiane Heinicke is a German physicist and engineer. Most recently she has worked on sea ice and has also gained experience working with polar lights, metal melts and simulations of the Earth’s mantle. She received her bachelor of science in applied physics from the Ilmenau University of Technology in Germany and her master of science in geophysics from Uppsala University in Sweden, and her PhD from the Ilmenau University.

Sheyna Gifford has worked on research projects in astrophysics, neuroscience and psychology and is a contributor to NASA educational websites, a medical writer and an advocate of STEM education. Her previous work includes working on the HESSI satellite at Space Science Laboratories. She holds a bachelor of science in neuroscience and English, a master of clinical laboratory science and biotechnology, a master of science in journalism, a doctor of medicine from the St. Georges University School of Medicine located in the Caribbean island of Grenada, and is currently earning a master of business administration.

Andrzej Stewart comes from Lockheed Martin, where he worked as an interplanetary flight controller, and also has worked on console for the Spitzer Space Telescope, Mars Odyssey, MRO, MAVEN, Juno and GRAIL. Stewart also served as the flight engineer for the sixth mission of NASA’s Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA). He earned a bachelor of science in aerospace engineering from the University of Texas at Austin in 2005 and an SM in aeronautics and astronautics from MIT in 2007.

Cyprien Verseux is an astrobiologist expert in biological life support systems for Mars exploration. A the time of the mission, he is a doctorate student co-directed by Lynn J. Rothschild at NASA, and Daniela Billi at the University of Rome. He previously graduated from the Institut Sup'Biotech de Paris,[12] where he was first-in-class each semester, and from the Institute of Systems and Synthetic Biology, where he graduated valedictorian. Part of his research aims at making human outposts on Mars as independent as possible of Earth, by using living organisms to process Mars’ resources into products needed for human consumption.

Tristan Bassingthwaighte is currently a doctor of architecture candidate at UH Mānoa. He has completed his master's degree in architecture from Tongji University in Shanghai, where he studied abroad for a year looking at human habitation in extreme environments. His doctoral work involves designing a next generation conceptual Mars habitat focused on programming the interior experienced environment.

Reserve crew

LCDR Oscar Mathews is a Mars One candidate, NAVAIR F-18 aerospace engineer, and Navy reserve flight test engineer. He is currently a PhD student in Aerospace Engineering at Old Dominion University under Dr. Robert Ash.

Debbi-Lee Wilkinson is a physicist who worked at the Geophysical Institute in Alaska, where she has lived most of her life. She spent 3 months at the South Pole in Antarctica. She is also vice president of the OpenLuna Foundation and Kepler Shipyards.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Brian Shiro (18 April 2013). "Orientation to HI-SEAS". Astronautforhire.com. Retrieved 20 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Kim A. Binsted and J. B. Hunter (2013). "HI-SEAS (Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation) as an opportunity for long duration instrument/protocol testing and verification" (PDF). University of Hawaii at Mānoa and Cornell University. Retrieved 30 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Chang, Kenneth (20 October 2014). "In a Dome in Hawaii, a Mission to Mars". NASA. Retrieved 20 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Mike Wall (14 August 2013). "Mars Food Scientists End 4-Month Mock Space Mission In Hawaii". Space.com. Retrieved 30 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Mike Wall (14 August 2013). "Mars Food Scientists End 4-Month Mock Space Mission In Hawaii". Space.com. Retrieved 30 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "K. Green - The Challenges of Climate Control in a Mars Habitat - Discover Magazine". Blogs.discovermagazine.com. 15 July 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Research participants sought for 120-day Mars analog habitat study". Manoa.hawaii.edu. 29 February 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "HI-SEAS to study human performance for long-duration space exploration (2013)". Hawaii 24 7. Retrieved 20 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Kim Binsted and Talia Ogliore (28 March 2014). "Second HI-SEAS Mars space analog study begins". University of Hawaii Mānoa. Retrieved 30 April 2014. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "HI-SEAS 2 Emerges From 120 Stay on Mars". Retrieved 10 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bcT5FjeSIW4&feature=youtu.be
  12. (French)Cyprien Verseux Il va (presque) vivre sur Mars pendant 1 an

External links