Hans Kroh

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Hans Kroh
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1979-128-32, Hans Kroh.jpg
Hans Kroh
Born (1907-05-13)13 May 1907
Heidelberg
Died 18 July 1967(1967-07-18) (aged 60)
Braunschweig
Allegiance  Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Heer
Years of service 1935–45
1956–62
Rank Generalmajor (Wehrmacht)
Generalmajor (Bundeswehr)
Commands held I./FschJägRgt 2, FschJägRgt 2, 2.FschJägDiv
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
Great Cross of Merit
Other work Bundeswehr

Hans Kroh (13 May 1907 in Heidelberg – 18 July 1967 in Braunschweig) was a German Fallschirmjäger and general in the Bundeswehr. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Biography

Hans Kroh entered the Brandenburg-Havel Police School as a police cadet on 8 April 1926. On 1 October 1935 he became commander of a company in the General Göring Regiment and transferred to the Luftwaffe on April 1, 1936. Kroh became a training director of the Stendal Parachute School. After a period of staff work, on September 1, 1940 he assumed command of I Battalion, 2nd Parachute Regiment.

During the Battle of Crete Kroh took command of Battle Group Sturm, whose objective was Rethymnon airfield, after Oberst Alfred Sturm was taken prisoner by the British Forces. After ten days of fighting, the battle group was relieved by mountain infantry. Kroh received the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 21 August 1941. In Africa Kroh served in the Ramcke Parachute Brigade. He then served on the Eastern Front. Kroh commanded the 2nd Parachute Division in the Battle for Brest until he was captured in the St. Pierre district of the city on 18 September 1944.

Hans Kroh joined the Bundeswehr on 1 June 1956 as Oberst. On 1 September 1957 he was promoted to Brigadegeneral. One day later he took command of the 1st Luftlande-Division in Bruchsal. On 1 July 1959 he was again promoted to Generalmajor. He retired on 1 October 1962. He died in Braunschweig in 1967.

Awards

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas 1997, p. 411.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Thomas & Wegmann 1986, p. 150.
  3. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 255.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Scherzer 2007, p. 476.
  5. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 275.
  6. Von Seemen 1976, p. 208.
  7. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 81.
  8. Von Seemen 1976, p. 43.
  9. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 45.
  10. Von Seemen 1976, p. 18.

Bibliography

  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knights of the Wehrmacht Knight's Cross Holders of the Fallschirmjäger. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Military. ISBN 978-0-88740-749-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz; Wegmann, Günter (1986). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil II: Fallschirmjäger (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-1461-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Von Seemen, Gerhard (1976). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 : die Ritterkreuzträger sämtlicher Wehrmachtteile, Brillanten-, Schwerter- und Eichenlaubträger in der Reihenfolge der Verleihung : Anhang mit Verleihungsbestimmungen und weiteren Angaben (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7909-0051-4. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Gustav Wilke
Commander of 2. Fallschirmjäger-Division (Wehrmacht)
17 March 1944 – 1 June 1944
Succeeded by
General Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke
Preceded by
General Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke
Commander of 2. Fallschirmjäger-Division (Wehrmacht)
11 August 1944 – 15 November 1944
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Walter Lackner
Preceded by
Oberst Bern von Baer
Commander of the 1. Luftlande-Division (Bundeswehr)
September 1957 – 30 September 1962
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Walter Gericke