Heimdal (Martian crater)

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Descent of Phoenix with a crater in the background taken by Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.jpg
Heimdal photographed by MRO, with the Phoenix lander parachuting down to a landing nearby.
Planet Mars
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Diameter 10 km
Eponym The Norwegian town of Heimdal

Heimdal is a relatively recent impact crater on the planet Mars. It lies in Vastitas Borealis, the northern plain. It is named after the Norwegian town of Heimdal.[1]

The crater is approximately 20 kilometers from the landing site of the Phoenix lander. The landing site area is believed to be blanketed by ejecta excavated by the impact that created Heimdal, approximately 600 million years ago.[2] [3]The spacecraft was photographed during landing by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and was captured parachuting in the line of sight to the crater. While appearing to be over the crater, the craft was actually 20 km in front of it.


  1. "Planetary Names: Crater, craters: Heimdal on Mars". planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2015-11-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Arvidson; Adams, D.; Bonfiglio, G.; Christensen, P.; Cull, S.; Golombek, M.; Guinn, J.; Guinness, E.; Heet, T.; Kirk, R.; Knudson, A.; Malin, M.; Mellon, M.; McEwen, A.; Mushkin, A.; Parker, T.; Seelos, F.; Seelos, K.; Smith, P.; Spencer, D.; Stein, T.; Tamppari, L. (2008). "Mars Exploration Program 2007 Phoenix landing site selection and characteristics". Journal of Geophysical Research. 113: E00A03. Bibcode:2008JGRE..11300A03A. doi:10.1029/2007JE003021.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Heet, T. L.; Arvidson, R. E.; Cull, S. C.; Mellon, M. T.; Seelos, K. D. (2009-01-01). "Geomorphic and geologic settings of the Phoenix Lander mission landing site". Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. 114 (E1): E00E04. doi:10.1029/2009JE003416. ISSN 2156-2202.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

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