Heinrich Schmelzer

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Heinrich Schmelzer
Born 14 March 1914
Nesselröden, Germany
Died 4 April 1985(1985-04-04) (aged 71)
Nesselröden, Germany
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Waffen SS
Years of service 1936–45
Rank Hauptsturmführer
Unit 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Heinrich Schmelzer (14 March 1914 – 4 April 1985) was a Hauptsturmführer (Captain) in the Waffen SS who was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves during World War II.[1] He joined the SS-Pioniersturmbann in June, 1935 and in September 1939 was a section commander in the 3rd Company. Later as an SS-Oberscharführer (Technical Sergeant) he was the half Zugführer (platoon leader) in the same 3rd Company, during April 1941. He moved to the Motorcycle Battalion as engineer reconnaissance Zugführer between May and August 1941. In December 1943 he was given command of the mixed Pionier Company of the Kampfgruppe Das Reich which he led until the forming of the 4th Heavy Company which he commanded until it was dissolved in August 1944.[1] At that time he became the 2nd Company Commander until Christmas 1944, then moved to the 3rd Company which he commanded until the end of the war.[1] Schmelzer won the Oakleaves for his actions as sector commander of the Das Reich battlegroup near Cielle and La Roche on 7 January.[1][2][3]

Awards and decorations

Notes

  1. According to Scherzer as leader of the 2./SS-Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 2.[8]
  2. According to Scherzer as chief of the 1./SS-Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 2.[8]

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "dasreich".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "hauptsturmfhrer".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "frontkjemper".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Thomas 1998, p. 263.
  5. Berger 2004, p. 425.
  6. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 410.
  7. Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 380, 503.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 667.
  9. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 98.

Bibliography

  • Berger, Florian (2004). Ritterkreuzträger mit Nahkampfspange in Gold (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-3-7. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>