|Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats
Tėvynės sąjunga – Lietuvos krikščionys demokratai
|Headquarters||11 L.Stuokos-Gucevičiaus g., Vilnius|
|Membership||16,500 (the end of 2010)|
|Political position||Centre-right to
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|International affiliation||International Democrat Union|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Seats in the Seimas||
33 / 141
|Seats in the European Parliament||
2 / 11
253 / 1,473
|Politics of Lithuania
The Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats (Lithuanian: Tėvynės sąjunga - Lietuvos krikščionys demokratai, TS-LKD) is a centre-right political party in Lithuania. It has 18,000 members and 33 of 141 seats in the Seimas.
It is the main centre-right party, with a particularly liberal conservative and Christian democratic, but also nationally oriented and economically liberal, ideology. Its current leader is MEP Gabrielius Landsbergis who replaced Andrius Kubilius in 2014. It is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and the International Democrat Union (IDU).
It was founded in May 1993 by the right wing of the Reform Movement of Lithuania, led by Vytautas Landsbergis, who had led Lithuania to independence. In the 1996 national elections, it secured 40% of the vote and returned 70 deputies to the Seimas, but, in 2000, it was reduced to 8.6% and 9 deputies.
After Lithuania's admission to the European Union in 2004, it won two seats in the election to the European Parliament, one of whom was Vytautas Landsbergis, who sit in the EPP-ED Group. At the 2004 election to the Seimas, the party won 14.6% of the popular vote and 25 out of 141 seats.
Until the merger with Lithuanian Union of Political Prisoners and Deportees and Right Union of Lithuania), it was known just as Homeland Union (Lithuanian Conservatives). The last change of the name was a result of the merger with the Lithuanian Nationalist Union on 11 March 2008, and the Lithuanian Christian Democrats on 17 May 2008, after which the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats became Lithuania's largest party with more than 18,000 members. Prior to 2008 it was known as the Homeland Union (Conservatives, Political Prisoners and the Exiled, Christian Democrats) or TS. At the 2008 legislative election, Homeland Union won 19.69% of the national vote and 45 seats in the Seimas: 20 more than in 2004. Becoming the largest party in the Seimas, it formed a coalition government with the Liberal Movement, Liberal and Centre Union, and National Resurrection Party. Together, they held a majority of 80 out of 141 seats in the Seimas, and the Homeland Union's leader, Andrius Kubilius, became Prime Minister for a second time.
Support for the party plummeted in the 2012 election, and it was excluded from the government.
Members of the parliament
|Vilija Aleknaitė Abramikienė||1992|
|Vida Marija Čigriejienė||2004|
|Rimantas Jonas Dagys||1992|
|Rytas Kupčinskas||1996-2000; since 2004|
|Kazimieras Kuzminskas||1992-2000; since 2008|
|Vincė Vaidevutė Margevičienė||2004|
- Daugiausiai nario mokesčio surinko socdemai - 643 tūkst. Lt
- Nordsieck, Wolfram, "Lithuania", Parties and Elections, retrieved 18 March 2012<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989, Cambridge University Press, p. 79, retrieved 17 November 2011<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Bugajski, Janusz (2002), Political Parties of Eastern Europe: A Guide to Politics in the Post-Communist Era, M.E. Sharpe, p. 141<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Ramonaitė, Ainė (2006), "The Development of the Lithaunian Party System: From Stability to Perturbation", Post-Communist EU Member States: Parties and Party Systems, Ashgate, p. 75<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Clark, Terry D. (2006), "Nationalism in Post-Soviet Lithuania: New Approaches for the Nation of "Innocent Sufferers"", After Independence: Making and Protecting the Nation in Postcolonial and Postcommunist States, University of Michigan Press<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Sužiedėlis, Saulius (2011), "Union of the Fatherland", Historical Dictionary of Lithuania, Scarecrow Press, p. 308<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Duvold, Kjetil; Jurkynas, Mindaugas (2004), "Lithuania", The Handbook of Political Change in Eastern Europe, Edward Elgar Publishing, p. 163<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Day, Alan John; East, Roger; Thomas, Richard (2002), "Homeland Union–Lithuanian Conservatives", A Political and Economic Dictionary of Eastern Europe, Routledge, p. 253<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Lithuanian election: Right-wing Homeland Union party poised to win", The Telegraph, 13 October 2008, retrieved 18 March 2012<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Jeffries, Ian (2004), The Countries of the Former Soviet Union at the Turn of the Twenty-first Century: The Baltic and European states in transition, Routledge, p. 224<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>