Hugo Primozic

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Hugo Primozic
Hugo Primozic
Born 16 February 1914
Backnang, (Baden-Württemberg
Died 18 March 1996(1996-03-18) (aged 82)
Fulda, Hesse
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Rank second lieutenant
Unit 667th Sturmgeschutz battalion
Commands held assault gun commander
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Hugo Primozic (16 February 1914 – 18 March 1996) was one of Germany's Sturmgeschütz (assault gun) aces during World War II. In a five-month period of fighting he was awarded the two grades of the Iron Cross, the Knight's Cross and the Oak leaves. Primozic became the first noncommissioned officer in the history of the German Army, and seventh in the Wehrmacht, to be awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves. In the late summer of 1942 he was Wachtmeister (Sergeant) and squad leader of the 2nd battery of the Sturmgeschützabteilung 667.


Born in 1914 to a Slovenian father and German mother, Primozic joined the Reichswehr and fought in the French campaign as a field artillery gunner. In 1942 he joined the 667th Sturmgeschutz battalion which was sent to the Eastern Front. He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on September 19, 1942 and promoted to Staff Sergeant. On 28 January 1943 he was awarded the Oakleaves, being simultaneously commissioned with the rank of Lieutenant.

On January 25, 1943 Oberwachtmeister Primozic was the first NCO to be awarded the Oak Leaves. His last Wehrmacht rank was Leutnant (2nd Lieutenant). He died on March 18, 1996 in Fulda.



  1. According to Thomas & Wegmann on 1 September 1942.[2]
  2. According to Thomas & Wegmann on 13 September 1942.[2]



  1. 1.0 1.1 Thomas 1998, p. 174.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Thomas & Wegmann 1985, p. 221.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Scherzer 2007, p. 605.
  4. Fellgiebel 2000, pp. 345, 500.
  5. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 65.


  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz; Wegmann, Günter (1985). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil I: Sturmartillerie (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-1447-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>